Alabama car insurance rates, coverage and cheap coverage
Alabama’s on the cheap side for car insurance, but watch out for some of its unique driving laws.
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Average car insurance costs in Alabama
Costs can vary wildly from person to person, depending on the provider and a number of outside factors. But as a state, Alabama sits near the median cost for car insurance nationwide, which is between $110 and $130 a month for an annual total of approximately $1,400.
Factors that can influence your insurance cost include your driving record, your age and the type of vehicle you drive. Location-based factors can come into play as well, like crime rates where you live or work. The climate can even affect your rates if you live in a place known for extreme blizzards or hurricanes, because you’re more likely to use comprehensive coverage for flood damage, falling tree limbs or an ice-related accident.
If you live near a city, you could expect rates to go up too, since accidents are more common in cities than in rural areas. In a state like Alabama, which doesn’t have as many cities with heavy traffic as California or Florida, this is less likely to affect you.
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Minimum car insurance requirements in Alabama
State minimum requirements for car insurance vary by state. To fulfill car insurance laws in Alabama, you must carry liability insurance that includes at least:
- $25,000 for bodily injury or death per person.
- $50,000 total for bodily injury or death per accident.
- $25,000 for property damage.
When shopping for car insurance, you may see these liability limits written as 25/50/25.
Some states require drivers to carry uninsured/underinsured (UM/UIM) motorist coverage, which protects a driver if they’re involved in an accident with another driver that isn’t adequately covered by an car insurance policy. However, Alabama doesn’t require UM/UIM coverage.
What additional coverage can I get in Alabama?
Since liability insurance doesn’t cover potential damages to your car or personal injuries, many drivers purchase additional coverage beyond the state minimums to protect themselves and their vehicles. Many insurance companies in the state of Alabama also offer:
- Comprehensive. Covers damage to your car caused by something other than a collision, like weather or vandalism. Comprehensive insurance is often especially important in areas with high crime rates.
- Collision. Helps pay for repairs if your car is damaged in an accident.
- Medical and funeral services. Helps cover medical bills or funeral services as a result of an accident.
- Uninsured motorists. Protects you if you get into an accident with someone who doesn’t have insurance.
- Rental car. Assists in reimbursing you for any rental car rent if your car is damaged in an accident.
- Towing and labor. Provides reimbursement for towing or labor costs you may have incurred as a result of an accident.
Can I buy temporary car insurance in Alabama?
Yes, you can get temporary insurance in Alabama, and that might be a great option if you’re in need of insurance but don’t need a six-month or year long policy. Some examples of this might include renting a car, returning home on a break from college, or planning to sell your car within a few days or weeks of when your current policy expires.
Uninsured drivers in Alabama
Alabama requires all drivers to carry a minimum level of auto insurance, but there are always the occasional drivers who refuse or can’t afford to pay for coverage. No clear data is available about the number of uninsured drivers in Alabama, but estimates put it around the national average of 12%.
To protect yourself from extra liability if you’re in an accident with one of these drivers, consider adding uninsured or underinsured motorist insurance to your policy.
Is there a way to drive without car insurance in Alabama?
Yes. Alabama provides an alternative to car insurance, but it’s not cheap. To legally drive without car insurance in Alabama, you’re required to deposit at least $50,000 with the state, or file a Motor Vehicle Liability Bond for $50,000.
Nearly all states require registered drivers to carry specified minimum liability insurance. And if you’re financing or leasing your car, you could be required to buy additional collision and comprehensive coverage as part of your finance agreement.
What if I don’t have insurance?
If you are stopped by police or are involved in an accident in Alabama and you don’t have car insurance, you face stiff penalties including:
- Fines. You’ll pay $500 for your first violation and $1,000 for any following violations.
- Suspension of your license. The state will suspend your license for six months. Subsequent violations also come with a mandatory four-month suspension of your car registration and additional fees that start at $200.
Alabama’s driving laws
Many traffic laws vary from state to state, so there are a few Alabama-specific things to know before driving through Alabama.
- Tinting your vehicle windows is illegal in Alabama, except under certain conditions outlined by the state.
- Coasting down hills with your vehicle in neutral is illegal; your vehicle must be in gear if it’s moving.
- Driving over a laid fire hose is against the law.
- If a vehicle is believed to be abandoned in a public place for 5 days or more, a police officer has the authority to have it removed.
- Vehicles are required by law to have working windshield wipers.
Like all US states, Alabama has a few odd laws. One fine bit of Alabama legislation forbids you from driving while blindfolded. Most standard laws hold true in this state. Common laws you should observe include not wearing headphones while driving, never passing on the right or where there’s poor visibility of the road ahead, following speed limits and obeying all traffic signs and signals.
Alabama’s DUI laws
Laws concerning blood alcohol content (BAC) used to have some variance from state to state, but not anymore. No matter if you’re in Alabama or Wyoming, there are federal BAC laws that prevent you from driving above a certain limit.
It’s illegal to drive in Alabama, or any other state for that matter, with a BAC above 0.08%. Commercial drivers face even stricter rules with a BAC limit of only 0.04%. If you’re caught driving over the limit in Alabama, you’ll face hefty fines, a drivers license suspension and possibly even jail time.
Do I need to get SR-22 insurance in Alabama?
An SR-22 is a form that lets the state know that you’re carrying at least the minimum for auto liability insurance so you can legally drive again. It is used as confirmation of insurance for high-risk insurance policies, often after major driving infractions:
The regulations and methods to obtaining an SR-22 vary from state to state. You’re required to file an SR-22 in Alabama if:
- Your driver’s license is suspended or revoked
- You’re caught driving without proof of insurance
- You’re found guilty of a DUI, DWI or reckless driving
What happens after an accident in Alabama?
Even the smallest car accident can be traumatic, leaving you unable to figure out your next move. If you’re in an accident, you have a few important steps to follow to ensure that you’re safe and protect yourself against any unnecessary worries when processing your car insurance claim.
- Safety first. Make sure that you and everybody involved in the accident is OK. If you need assistance, call emergency services immediately.
- Notify your insurance company. After you’ve confirmed that all parties are safe, call your agent to report the accident. They will walk you through the information they need for your claim.
- Document the accident. Protect your claim by taking down the name of any police officers at the scene. Take pictures of each car involved from different angles, and talk to any witnesses you might be able to contact for more information later.
- Exchange information. Get the full name, contact info and insurance policy details from other drivers. Note the drivers’ car type, color, model and license plate number, as well as the exact location of the accident. Avoid admitting the accident was your fault or you run the risk of your car insurance company refusing to pay your claim.
Who’s at fault in an accident in Alabama?
Alabama is not one of the 12 states that requires drivers to carry no-fault insurance. In states without no-fault coverage, typical insurance claims are paid out.
If you’re injured in an accident caused by another driver, the at-fault driver’s bodily injury liability coverage could help reimburse your medical expenses up to policy limits. If you’re injured in an accident you cause, your medical payments coverage could help reimburse your medical expenses up to your limits.
Alabama is a tort state, which means that a driver at fault for an accident in Alabama is required to pay the medical expenses of any victim of that accident. Victims are also able to pursue compensation for additional lost wages and pain and suffering, the legal term for physical and emotional distress resulting from the accident.
How to report a car accident in Alabama
- Request a copy of the investigating officer’s accident report. In most cases, it’s best to do this in person; getting the report mailed to you will take more time and mail mishaps will delay your claims process.
- Complete and send Form SR-13 to the Alabama Department of Public Safety. You are required to handle this within 30 days of the date of your accident.
When should I report an accident in Alabama?
In Alabama, you must report an accident to the police if anybody is hurt or killed, or if there’s more than $500 in damages to any party involved in the accident. If you plan on filing a report, sooner is always better.
When should I contact a lawyer in Alabama?
You might not need a car accident attorney for a small property damage claim, like a fender bender or accidentally driving into a mailbox. However, it’s a good idea to at least consult with a lawyer for major car accidents that result in personal injuries to the driver or passengers, crashes due to negligence, preventable accidents because of road conditions or when your insurance won’t cover the entire cost of damages.
In Alabama, you have two years from the time of an accident to make a personal injury claim and three years for a property damage claim, which should allow enough time to discover any long-term effects of the accident.
To drive in Alabama, you’ll need to purchase liability insurance or set up alternative means to pay out at least $50,000. Research your car insurance options to find the cheapest coverage for your needs when driving in Alabama.
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