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How long after a car accident can you file a claim?

After an accident, you have 2-6 years to file a claim or lawsuit, depending on your state.

If you’ve recently been in a car accident, your first concern might be getting car repairs and medical bills paid so you can get back to everyday life. But when it comes to making a claim or talking to a lawyer, it might be better to wait to make sure you can pay for long-term medical bills or damage to your car that’s not apparent at first glance.

How long you have to file a claim in your state

Each state imposes its own time limits on filing insurance claims or lawsuits after car accidents, typically between one and six years. And your time limits might also vary depending on whether your accident resulted in bodily injury or property damages — or both.

Compare the statute of limitations for reporting a car accident and personal injury suits or damages claims in your state.

Must read: A note about these limits

We’ve designed the chart below to be as accurate and up to date as possible, but it’s intended to be a rough guide. If you consult an attorney for advice before filing a suit, this could save you trouble down the road; lawyers are experts on state laws and they should be able to guide you through making things right.

Your time limits to file insurance claims could also be affected by your insurance provider or policy terms. To avoid running over your insurer’s limits, it’s usually best to carefully read your policy’s terms or speak with an agent.

StatePersonal injury claim Property damage claim Car accident report
Alabama2 years6 years30 days
Alaska2 years6 years for real property

2 years for personal property

10 days
Arizona2 years2 yearsImmediately
Arkansas3 years3 years30 days
California2 years3 years10 days
Colorado2 years2 yearsImmediately
Connecticut2 years2 yearsImmediately
Delaware2 years2 yearsImmediately
District of Columbia2 years3 yearsImmediately
Florida4 years4 years10 days
Georgia2 years4 yearsImmediately
Hawaii2 years2 yearsImmediately
Idaho2 years3 yearsImmediately
Illinois2 years5 years10 days
Indiana2 years6 years for real property
2 years for personal property
Iowa2 years5 yearsImmediately
Kansas2 years2 yearsImmediately
Kentucky1 years5 years for real property
3 years for personal property
10 days
Louisiana1 years1 yearsImmediately
Maine6 years6 yearsImmediately
Maryland3 years3 years10 days
Massachusetts3 years3 years5 days
Michigan3 years3 yearsImmediately
Minnesota2 years6 years10 days
Mississippi3 years3 yearsImmediately
Missouri5 years5 years30 days
Montana3 years2 yearsImmediately
Nebraska4 years4 years10 days
Nevada2 years3 yearsImmediately
New Hampshire3 years3 years15 days
New Jersey2 years6 yearsImmediately
New Mexico3 years4 yearsImmediately
New York3 years3 years5 days
North Carolina3 years3 yearsImmediately
North Dakota6 years6 yearsImmediately
Ohio2 years4 years6 months
Oklahoma2 years2 yearsImmediately
Oregon2 years6 years3 days
Pennsylvania2 years2 years5 days
Rhode Island3 years10 years21 days
South Carolina3 years3 years15 days
South Dakota3 years6 yearsImmediately
Tennessee1 years3 years20 days
Texas2 years2 years10 days
Utah4 years3 yearsImmediately
Vermont3 years3 years5 days
Virginia2 years5 yearsImmediately
Washington3 years3 years4 days
West Virginia2 years2 years5 days
Wisconsin3 years6 yearsImmediately
Wyoming4 years4 years10 days

Pros and cons of waiting to file an insurance claim

If your accident results in extensive injuries, weigh out the pros and cons of waiting to file.


  • Get a more comprehensive claim. Most providers won’t allow you to file more than one claim for one accident, and if they do, the process can be much more complex.
  • Get a second opinion from doctors. Waiting to file can buy you time to consult with more than one doctor to better assess your medical situation. This can save you trouble in the long run, both in terms of your health and how much your medical care costs you.
  • Make the most of your available coverage. It’s possible that if you rush to file your claim, you’ll forget or miss an item that insurance would have covered if you had the chance to look through your claim again.


  • Longer wait before reimbursement or payment. Depending on your circumstances, you might need your claim paid out sooner rather than later. When you wait to file, that just delays the claims process.
  • Possible late bill payments. If you wait too long to file and it delays the payment of important charges or bills, you might get reported for a past-due payment to a credit reporting agency. If this happens, it could have a negative impact on your credit score.

Should I wait to make a personal injury claim?

If you or your passengers are injured in a car accident, symptoms can take weeks or even months to fully develop. The full effects of a head injury, for example, might not become evident until the injured person returns to everyday life.

If you file for a claim before you know the full extent of injuries from an accident, you could end up losing out on coverage that you’ll need in the coming weeks and months. Filing multiple claims can also make the process more difficult, if your insurance provider allows for them at all.

Injuries that don’t always show symptoms right away could include:

  • Head trauma. Because of the delicate and intricate nature of the human brain, it’s difficult to predict how head injuries will affect a person’s health. While immediate signs of injury might appear after an accident, other signs and symptoms of larger issues can present themselves weeks or even months after an injured person is given the all-clear by a doctor.
  • Delayed pain and whiplash. The forces of impact can put serious stress on muscles and tendons that you may not notice until a few days after an accident. Even small muscle or ligament tears could require a doctor’s attention.
  • Small fractures. It’s not uncommon for a partial or minor fracture to go unnoticed, especially when it’s thrown into the mix with other large or more painful injuries. Stresses on a fractured bone during the healing processes can cause further damage, making it all the more important for you to account for all injuries before filing a claim.
  • Internal injuries. Your internal organs aren’t exempt from being knocked around, getting bruised or even getting ruptured in the forces of a car crash. Symptoms from an internal injury could also take a while to show up — for example, your spleen or appendix could be damaged and continue to swell or even burst weeks after an impact, with or without pain beforehand. It’s a good idea to keep your doctor in the loop about any pain or symptoms you’re experiencing after a crash that could point to injuries beneath the surface.

Should I wait to make a property damage claim?

After a car accident, the car’s body damage is usually easy to see — scraped paint, crumpled metal, broken glass and so on. But significant issues with the exhaust, suspension or alignment? Those things could possibly go unnoticed until days or even weeks after the repairs are supposedly complete.

A mechanic will be able to find anything wrong with the vehicle that might not be obvious at first glance. If you do need the help of a mechanic or body shop, it’s good to check whether the repair work you need done is eligible under your policy.

Bottom line

If you’re injured or your property is damaged in a car accident, it can take weeks or even months to assess the true cost of fixing what’s wrong.

Waiting before filing your claim or lawsuit with your insurer might help you get the coverage you’ll ultimately need. But if you exceed your state’s statute of limitations, you could completely miss out on filing your claim or settlement, leaving you with a financial burden.

To find out how property insurance law can affect your car insurance claim, it can help to speak to your insurance agent or an insurance professional. For more information on everything to do with auto coverage, you can read our comprehensive guide to car insurance and our insurance guides for each state.

Common questions about timing your claim

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2 Responses

    Default Gravatar
    LarryMarch 6, 2019

    If I’ve already talked to Insurance adjuster and accident report was made and you got took to Emergency room from scene of accident and it’s been at least 3years since accident in Ohio would you still have a claim you could file being I tried to work with insurance adjuster from the victom of accident witch I was with and then I was arrested and taken from Emergency room to jail for 10 months.

      johnbasanesMarch 7, 2019Finder

      Hi Larry,

      Thank you for reaching out to Finder.

      When you take out car insurance, insurers set out time periods in which you must contact them after an accident. Check your car insurance policy for the details — time periods can vary from two days to two weeks after the incident. You may need to reach out to your insurer and explain what transpired which made you not able to claim as early as you could have. Hope this helps!


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