Finder makes money from featured partners, but editorial opinions are our own. Advertiser disclosure

Investing in financial stocks

How to invest in an industry that drives the economy.

Global and US financial stocks have come under pressure in the last week following the collapse of two US banks, Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and Signature Bank. Fears of a banking crisis grew after global investment bank Credit Suisse lost funding from its main shareholder just days later, sending its share price falling by more than 30%.

The turmoil has since spread to other financial sector stocks, weighing on the industry across multiple markets. While some may see the lower prices as a buying opportunity, it pays to be aware that the heightened volatility could lead to losses.

What are financial stocks?

The financial sector is one of 11 stock market sectors and plays a crucial role in a healthy economy. This sector includes companies that provide financial goods and services, like mortgage loans and insurance policies, to commercial and retail customers.

What subcategories does it include?

Financial stocks can be classified by the following subcategories:

  • Banking. Diversified and regional banks that hold financial assets for customers and lend to small and medium corporations.
  • Capital markets. Companies that trade securities, like stocks and bonds.
  • Consumer finance. Providers of consumer financing and other services, including credit cards, personal loans and car leases.
  • Diversified financial services. Those that offer a range of products and services, such as banking, insurance and student loans.
  • Insurance. This industry encompasses insurance policies, from life and health insurance to property and car protection.
  • Thrifts and mortgage finance. Financial institutions that primarily offer savings accounts and originate residential mortgages.

How to invest in the financial sector

Invest in the financial sector by buying individual stocks or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). When you purchase a stock, you get shares of that company. Stocks have fewer fees but are riskier than ETFs. If you take the ETF path, you’ll get a basket of financial stocks. You’ll probably see higher fees, but it’ll lower your exposure risk.
Here’s an overview of how to start investing:

  1. Choose a brokerage. Explore brokerage platforms to pick a firm that best fits your financial goals.
  2. Open an account. Most brokerage firms let you open an account online. Some may require a deposit to get started, while others allow you to add money when you’re ready to begin investing.
  3. Research securities. Use your firm’s research tools to browse different stocks and ETFs.
  4. Place an order. When you’re ready to start investing, place an order to buy your security.
  5. Monitor your portfolio. Log into your account to track your securities.

What stocks are in the financial sector?

See how the following stocks are performing, and view details like market capitalization, the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio, price/earnings-to-growth (PEG) ratio and dividend yield.

What ETFs track the financial sector?

Take a look at the following sector-tracking ETFs:

  • Financial Select Sector SPDR ETF (XLF)
  • Fidelity MSCI Financials ETF (FNCL)
  • Invesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Financial ETF (RYF)
  • Vanguard Financials ETF (VFH)
  • SPDR S&P Insurance ETF (KIE)
  • iShares US Financial Services ETF (IYG)
  • SPDR S&P Bank ETF (KBE)
  • Invesco KBW Property & Casualty Insurance ETF (KBWP)
  • iShares Global Financials ETF (IXG)
  • iShares US Financials ETF (IYF)

How is the financial sector performing?

The graph below tracks the Financial Select Sector SPDR ETF (XLF). Tracking ETF performance is one way to measure how a stock sector as a whole is doing.

Why invest in the financial sector?

The financial sector may be an attractive long-term investment because of its potential for higher returns to help you stay ahead of inflation. For example, the S&P 500 Financials Index’s returned 32.1% in 2019, compared to the Federal Reserve’s estimated inflation rate of 2%.
Long-term trends also support growth in the financial sector. When the sector is strong, the economy thrives, which can lead to higher incomes for consumers and bigger profit margins for companies. As people accumulate wealth, they need a way to manage their funds and plan for retirement.
Another attractive characteristic of financial stocks is their high dividend yield. The sector currently has a 4.19% dividend yield, compared to the S&P 500’s modest 1.96%.

What unique risks does the financial sector face?

The financial sector comes with considerable challenges and risks.

  • Regulation. Government red tape and legislative compliance can be a burden on companies, decreasing profit.
  • Drastic rise in interest rates. When rates rise, lenders generally make more money on the credit they issue to borrowers. But if the Federal Reserve and banks raise interest rates before the economy is ready to adjust to the higher cost of borrowing, demand could drop and potentially trigger a recession. A weak economy can be detrimental to financial stocks.
  • Litigation. Businesses in the financial sector spend a lot on legal proceedings, which can impact profitability and share prices.
  • Weakening economy. Financial stocks are extremely sensitive to changes in the economy.
  • Debt liability. Many financial stocks come with some credit exposure risk. During an economic downturn, borrowers may default on their credit cards and loans, leaving some lenders with a mountain of debt.

Compare stock trading platforms

In order to purchase stocks or ETFs, you’ll need a brokerage account. Compare your options using the table below to find the best fit.

1 - 6 of 6
Name Product Ratings Available asset types Minimum deposit Advisory fee Cash sweep APY Signup bonus
SoFi Invest®
Finder Score: 4.2 / 5: ★★★★★
SoFi Invest®
★★★★★
Stocks, Mutual funds, ETFs, Alternatives
$0
$0
0.02%
Get up to $1,000 in stock
Commission-free stocks, ETFs and options, with no options per-contract fees. Plus, a no-cost robo-advisor and complimentary access to certified financial planners (CFPs).
Tastytrade
Finder Score: 4.4 / 5: ★★★★★
Tastytrade
★★★★★
Stocks, Options, ETFs, Cryptocurrency, Futures, Treasury Bills
$0
$0
N/A
Get $50-$5,000
Competitive, capped options commissions, with a reliable trading platform designed for serious traders.
Public.com
Finder Score: 4.2 / 5: ★★★★★
Public.com
★★★★★
Stocks, Bonds, Options, ETFs, Cryptocurrency, Alternatives, Treasury Bills, High-yield cash account
$0
$0
5.1%
Get up to $10,000 and transfer fees covered
Build a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, options, ETFs, crypto and alternative assets, with a high-yield cash account and options contract rebates.
E*TRADE from Morgan Stanley
Finder Score: 4.2 / 5: ★★★★★
E*TRADE from Morgan Stanley
★★★★★
Stocks, Bonds, Options, Mutual funds, ETFs, CDs, Futures
$0
$0
0.01% to 0.15%
Get up to $1,000
terms apply
$0 commissions on US-listed stocks, ETFs, mutual funds and options, with powerful, easy-to-use tools and complimentary market research.
Moomoo
Finder Score: 4.7 / 5: ★★★★★
Exclusive
Moomoo
★★★★★
Stocks, Options, ETFs
$0
$0
Up to 8.10%
Choose a 1.5% match or up to 15 free fractional shares
No commission stock, ETF and options trades, with $0 equity options contract fees, low margin rates and advanced trading tools.
Robinhood
Finder Score: 4.4 / 5: ★★★★★
Robinhood
★★★★★
Stocks, Options, ETFs, Cryptocurrency
$0
$0
0.01%
Get a free stock
Trade stocks, options, ETFs and crypto without commissions and on a user-friendly platform. Plus, a 1% IRA match and no options contract fees.
loading

Bottom line

The financial sector may be a good choice as a long-term investment in a healthy economy because of its generous dividends and long-term growth potential. But keep in mind that it’s one of the most volatile sectors of the stock market and comes with inherent risks.
Compare online trading platforms to pick a brokerage firm for your investment account.

Frequently asked questions

Paid non-client promotion. Finder does not invest money with providers on this page. If a brand is a referral partner, we're paid when you click or tap through to, open an account with or provide your contact information to the provider. Partnerships are not a recommendation for you to invest with any one company. Learn more about how we make money.

Finder is not an advisor or brokerage service. Information on this page is for educational purposes only and not a recommendation to invest with any one company, trade specific stocks or fund specific investments. All editorial opinions are our own.

More guides on Finder

Ask a Question

Finder.com provides guides and information on a range of products and services. Because our content is not financial advice, we suggest talking with a professional before you make any decision.

By submitting your comment or question, you agree to our Privacy and Cookies Policy and finder.com Terms of Use.

Questions and responses on finder.com are not provided, paid for or otherwise endorsed by any bank or brand. These banks and brands are not responsible for ensuring that comments are answered or accurate.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.
Go to site