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Invest in the S&P 400

Investors seeking growth and stability may be interested in this index’s mid-cap stocks.

The mid-cap stocks it tracks hold the potential for profit — but the opportunity for growth depends largely on where the company is in its life cycle.

What is the S&P 400?

The S&P MidCap 400 is an index composed of 400 US mid-cap stocks — stocks with a valuation between $200 million and $5 billion. It’s a free-float cap-weighted index maintained by S&P Dow Jones Indexes, the same company responsible for the S&P 500 and the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
Since the S&P 400 is a cap-weighted index, the stocks with the highest market cap have the most impact on its performance.

How to invest in the S&P 400

There are two ways to invest in the S&P 400: stocks and ETFs. If you’re interested in a targeted investment supporting individual companies, consider purchasing stocks. If you’d prefer more comprehensive coverage of the index, look into ETFs.
To purchase stocks or ETFs, you’ll need a brokerage account. Here’s a look at the investment process:

  1. Select an investment platform. If you don’t already hold an account, compare trading platforms to find the brokerage that best meets your needs.
  2. Open and fund your account. Web-based brokerage applications can be completed online. You’ll be asked to fund your account before you can start trading.
  3. Purchase your securities. Use in-platform or third-party research tools to select the stocks or ETFs you’d like to purchase.
  4. Monitor your investments. Log in to your brokerage account to track the performance of your investments.

What stocks are in the S&P 400?

Popular stocks in the S&P 400 include:

  • American Eagle Outfitters (AEO)
  • AOL Inc. (AOL)
  • Domino’s Pizza Inc. (DPZ)
  • Fidelity National Financial Inc. (FNF)
  • Footlocker Inc. (FL)
  • Goodyear Tire Rubber (GT)
  • Grubhub Inc. (GRUB)
  • Interactive Brokers (IBKR)
  • Mattel Inc. (MAT)
  • New York Times Company (NYT)
  • SolarEdge Tech (SEDG)
  • Steel Dynamics Inc. (STLD)
  • Tripadvisor Inc. (TRIP)
  • Wyndham Hotels and Resorts Inc. (WH)
  • Yelp Inc. (YELP)

What ETFs track the S&P 400?

Major funds that track the S&P 400 include:

  • Invesco S&P MidCap Momentum ETF (XMMO)
  • Invesco S&P MidCap Quality ETF (XMHQ)
  • iShares Core S&P Mid-Cap ETF (IJH)
  • SPDR S&P MidCap 400 ETF (MDY)
  • Vanguard S&P Mid-Cap 400 ETF (IVOO)

Compare S&P 400 trading platforms

Compare brokerage accounts to find the right fit. Once you open an account, you can begin investing in stocks and ETFs.

1 - 6 of 6
Name Product Ratings Available asset types Minimum deposit Cash sweep APY Signup bonus
SoFi Invest®
Finder Score: 4.2 / 5: ★★★★★
SoFi Invest®
★★★★★
Stocks, Mutual funds, ETFs, Alternatives
$0
0.02%
Get up to $1,000 in stock
Commission-free stocks, ETFs and options, with no options per-contract fees. Plus, a no-cost robo-advisor and complimentary access to certified financial planners (CFPs).
Tastytrade
Finder Score: 4.4 / 5: ★★★★★
Tastytrade
★★★★★
Stocks, Options, ETFs, Cryptocurrency, Futures, Treasury Bills
$0
N/A
Get $50-$5,000
Competitive, capped options commissions, with a reliable trading platform designed for serious traders.
Robinhood
Finder Score: 4.4 / 5: ★★★★★
Robinhood
★★★★★
Stocks, Options, ETFs, Cryptocurrency
$0
0.01%
Get a free stock
Trade stocks, options, ETFs and crypto without commissions and on a user-friendly platform. Plus, a 1% IRA match and no options contract fees.
Public.com
Finder Score: 4.2 / 5: ★★★★★
Public.com
★★★★★
Stocks, Bonds, Options, ETFs, Cryptocurrency, Alternatives, Treasury Bills, High-yield cash account
$0
5.1%
Get up to $10,000 and transfer fees covered
Build a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, options, ETFs, crypto and alternative assets, with a high-yield cash account and options contract rebates.
Moomoo
Finder Score: 4.7 / 5: ★★★★★
Exclusive
Moomoo
★★★★★
Stocks, Options, ETFs
$0
Up to 8.10%
Choose a 1.5% match or up to 15 free fractional shares
No commission stock, ETF and options trades, with $0 equity options contract fees, low margin rates and advanced trading tools.
E*TRADE from Morgan Stanley
Finder Score: 4.2 / 5: ★★★★★
E*TRADE from Morgan Stanley
★★★★★
Stocks, Bonds, Options, Mutual funds, ETFs, CDs, Futures
$0
0.01% to 0.15%
Get up to $1,000
terms apply
$0 commissions on US-listed stocks, ETFs, mutual funds and options, with powerful, easy-to-use tools and complimentary market research.
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Why should I invest in the S&P 400?

Mid-cap stocks represent an investing sweet spot: They occupy the middle ground between newly established startups and blue-chip corporations. Companies in the mid-cap range can offer the best of both worlds.
Like small-cap stocks, they have the potential for significant growth. But they’re less volatile and more stable as a result of an already-established business model.
Investing in an index fund that focuses on mid-cap stocks is a unique opportunity that straddles growth and stability. But mid-cap stocks still have risk.

What are the risks of investing in S&P 400?

Some mid-cap stocks have plenty of growth ahead of them, while others have reached the pinnacle of their potential. Investors interested in mid-cap stocks should be wary of where the stock is in its life cycle. A mid-cap stock could be a company on the rise — or it could be a failing former large-cap stock. Before you invest, research the company you’re interested in and learn more about its history and potential.

How is the S&P 400 performing?

The graph below tracks the performance of the SPDR S&P MidCap 400 ETF (MDY) over time.

Bottom line

Investors interested in incorporating the S&P 400 into their portfolio can invest in individual stocks or index-tracking ETFs. But whether or not a mid-cap stock is a practical fit for your portfolio depends on where it is in its life cycle. Review investment accounts across multiple trading platforms to find the broker best suited to your investment goals.

Frequently asked questions

Paid non-client promotion. Finder does not invest money with providers on this page. If a brand is a referral partner, we're paid when you click or tap through to, open an account with or provide your contact information to the provider. Partnerships are not a recommendation for you to invest with any one company. Learn more about how we make money.

Finder is not an advisor or brokerage service. Information on this page is for educational purposes only and not a recommendation to invest with any one company, trade specific stocks or fund specific investments. All editorial opinions are our own.

Written by

Shannon Terrell

Shannon Terrell is a lead writer and spokesperson at NerdWallet and a former editor at Finder, specializing in personal finance. Her writing and analysis on investing and banking has been featured in Bloomberg, Global News, Yahoo Finance, GoBankingRates and Black Enterprise. She holds a bachelor’s degree in communications and English literature from the University of Toronto Mississauga. See full profile

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