Secured credit cards

Secured cards allow people with bad credit to put down a deposit in order to get approved and start building a more positive credit history. They're all but extinct in the UK. Here's how they work and other financial products that can fulfil a similar function.

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Although popular across the pond, secured credit cards have gone the way of the dinosaur over here. Thankfully alternative options exist – and which is suitable for you will depend on your situation and your aim.

What is a secured credit card and how does it work?

Secured credit cards are designed for people with bad credit who want to build their credit score. These credit cards require a deposit, referred to as a “security sum”, which is held by the card issuer while you have the card, and returned to you when you close the account.

Your credit limit is generally equal to the security sum that you put down when you apply. That means the card issuer can never be out of pocket. It also makes these cards a bit of an unhelpful product: Can’t borrow money? Why don’t you lend a card issuer some instead?! In fact, the only reason you’d take out a secured credit card is to make it possible and affordable to borrow money at some point in the future, once your credit score has improved.

Like any credit card, secured credit cards require you to make minimum monthly repayments towards any outstanding balance, and you’ll incur interest on any unpaid balance. However, there is an interest-free period if you pay your account off in full each statement period. Using the card to withdraw money from a cash machine will incur interest charges immediately.

If you’re offered a secured credit card, you’ll need to pay the security sum upfront before you receive the card. Your security sum can’t be used to make repayments, but if you fall behind on your minimum repayments, the card issuer could use some or all of your security sum to pay off any outstanding balances on your account.

These days, secured credit cards are still available across the pond in the US but are no longer common in the UK, though Capital One has issued secured cards in the past, and Tymit Booster operates on similar principles.

Why would I want a secured credit card?

With a secured credit card, your monthly repayments are reported back to credit reference agencies, so provided you use your secured card responsibly (staying within your credit limit, making all repayments on time etc.) it’s likely to have a positive effect on your credit score. Using a credit card rather than a debit/prepaid card also gives you access to purchase protection under Section 75 of the Consumer Credit Act for items individually worth £100-£30,000.

Secured credit cards could be a step in the right direction, but only if you have the money to pay the deposit in the first place. Once you’ve become a master of your credit handling capabilities and begin to see improvements in your credit score, you may no longer need to be tethered to a card with a security deposit – meaning you can apply for an unsecured card.

What are the alternatives for people with poor or limited credit?

Having a poor credit rating is more common than you might think. Whilst bad credit can reduce your chances of getting much-needed finance, the good news is that you have options for restoring your credit rating and demonstrating to lenders that you are responsible with money.

Low credit score and sometimes need to borrow? Consider a credit builder credit card

These cards are designed for people with a damaged or limited credit history, but unlike secured cards, they don’t require money upfront. You build your credit score by simply using the card responsibly, and in many cases, can benefit from credit limit reviews after just 4-6 months. You’ll need to go through a credit check as part of the application process, but the card issuer won’t be expecting perfection.

These cards do charge a higher interest rate than mainstream cards (due to the higher perceived level of risk involved) so you should aim to pay off the balance in full every month.

Compare credit builder credit cards

Just want to boost your credit score ASAP? Try other credit-building tools

There are plenty of innovative fintech firms around that are always on the lookout for new ways to help people build their credit scores. Services like LOQBOX and Portify allow you to set up a direct debit to save a regular amount each month, which is then treated as if it were a finance repayment, with each repayment being reported to a credit reference agency.

There are also schemes such as CreditLadder which allow your rent payments to be reported back to credit reference agencies and establish that you can responsibly meet regular payment obligations.

10 ways to boost your score

Just looking for a payment card and don’t need credit? Try a prepaid card

With a prepaid card, you can decide how much money to “load” it with upfront, but there are usually a few limitations (such as an overall maximum, and a maximum amount you can withdraw in one go). Essentially, think of a prepaid credit card as a direct alternative to having cash in your wallet, which you use for day-to-day spending. Prepaid cards don’t normally have any effect on your credit record, because there’s no credit involved.

However, a few innovative prepaid card issuers, such as Cashplus, do offer a credit-building service, but it comes at a cost. They do this by essentially lending you a year’s worth of account fees, which you’ll then repay in monthly instalments.

Guide to prepaid cards

Will I need a credit check to get a credit card?

Yes, you’ll almost certainly need a credit check in order to get a credit card. but the good news is that almost all lenders will let you use an online “eligibility checker” before you apply. This quick check will provide you with a good indication as to whether or not you’ll get approved for the credit card you are interested in.

What’s more, completing this initial eligibility checker won’t have any impact on your credit score, as it’s considered a “soft” credit search. Eligibility checkers can be extremely helpful for people with bad credit to gauge their likelihood of getting a certain credit card, but it’s not a guarantee that you’ll be approved.

Check your card eligibility

Name Product Annual/monthly fees Initial credit limits Minimum income Representative APR Incentive Link
Aqua Classic Credit Card
£0
Min. limit £250, max. limit £1,200.
Not specified
29.7%
Representative example: Assumed credit limit £1,200, representative 29.7% APR (variable), purchase rate 29.75% p.a. (variable).
Please note: you can’t have two Aqua accounts or open an Aqua account within 12 months of opening a Marbles, Fluid or Opus account, issued by New Day
Check eligibility
Marbles Card
£0
Min. limit £250, max. limit £1,200.
Not specified
29.7%
You could get a credit limit increase after three months. Choose a monthly repayment date that suits you and change it up to twice a year.
Representative example: Assumed credit limit £1,200, representative 29.7% APR (variable), purchase rate 29.75% p.a. (variable).
Please note: you can’t have two Marbles accounts or open a Marbles account within 12 months of opening an Aqua, Fluid or Opus account, issued by New Day
Check eligibility
Bip Credit
£0
Min. limit £250, max. limit not specified.
Not specified
29.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 29.95% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 29.9% APR (variable).
Check eligibility
Aqua Classic Balance Transfer Card
£0
Min. limit £250, max. limit £1,200.
Not specified
34.9%
Representative example: Assumed credit limit £1,200, representative 34.9% APR (variable), purchase rate 34.95% p.a. (variable).
Please note: you can’t have two Aqua accounts or open an Aqua account within 12 months of opening a Marbles, Fluid or Opus account, issued by New Day
Check eligibility
Tesco Bank Foundation Card
£0
Min. limit £100, max. limit not specified.
£5000
27.5%
Collect 1 Tesco Clubcard point per £4 spent (£4 minimum) in Tesco and 1 Clubcard point per £8 spent (£8 minimum) outside Tesco in each purchase transaction.  Must have available credit to collect Clubcard points. Clubcard points are turned into Clubcard vouchers every 3 months or sooner using Faster Vouchers. Clubcard vouchers can be used in Tesco or with Clubcard Reward Partners to get even more value on dining out, hotel stays and travel.
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 27.542% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 27.5% APR (variable).
TSB Classic Credit Card Mastercard
£0
Min. limit £500, max. limit not specified.
Not specified
27.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 27.95% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 27.9% APR (variable).
Vanquis Bank Chrome Credit Card
£0
Min. limit £250, max. limit £1,500.
Not specified
29.5%
Representative example: When you spend £250 at a purchase rate of 29.5% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 29.5% APR (variable).
Vanquis Bank Aquis Visa
£0
Min. limit £250, max. limit £1,000.
Not specified
29.8%
You could get a credit limit increase after your 5th statement and further increases every 5 months, up to £4,000.
Representative example: When you spend £1,000 at a purchase rate of 29.84% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 29.8% APR (variable).
Amazon Classic Mastercard
£0
Min. limit £500, max. limit not specified.
Not specified
29.9%
Be upgraded to the Amazon Platinum Mastercard if you make at least one transaction a month, make repayments on time and stay within credit limit in the first 12 months..
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 29.95% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 29.9% APR (variable).
HSBC Classic Credit Card Visa
£0
Min. limit £250, max. limit £1,000.
£6800
29.9%
Discounts and exclusive offers for dining experiences, leisure activities and shopping available through HSBC Home and Away.
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 29.9% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 29.9% APR (variable).
Vanquis Bank Balance Transfer Credit Card Visa
£0
Min. limit £150, max. limit £1,000.
Not specified
33.5%
Representative example: When you spend £1,000 at a purchase rate of 33.5% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 33.5% APR (variable).
Barclaycard Forward Credit Card
£0
Min. limit £50, max. limit £1,200.
£3000
33.9%
Buy tickets for up to 3500 selected live events through Barclaycard entertainment and get 5% off tickets per year and exclusive pre-sale tickets on selected festivals with 10% off ticket prices.
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 33.9% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 33.9% APR (variable).
118 118 Money Guaranteed Rate Card
£0
Min. limit £500, max. limit not specified.
£8400
34%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 34% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 34% APR (variable).
Aqua Advance credit card
£0
Min. limit £250, max. limit £1,200.
Not specified
34.9%
Reduce your rate over three years if you stay within your credit limit and pay on time. No extra fees on what you spend abroad.
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 34.95% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 34.9% APR (variable).
Fluid Credit Card
£0
Min. limit £250, max. limit not specified.
Not specified
34.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 34.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 34.9% APR (variable).
Level Credit Card
£0
Min. limit £200, max. limit £1,500.
£9600
34.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 34.9% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 34.9% APR (variable).
Zopa Credit Card Visa
£0
Min. limit £200, max. limit not specified.
£10000
34.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 34.9% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 34.9% APR (variable).
Post Office Classic Card
£0
Min. limit £200, max. limit £8,000.
Not specified
34.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 34.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 34.9% APR (variable).
Capital One Classic Credit Card
£0
Min. limit £200, max. limit £1,500.
Not specified
34.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 34.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 34.9% APR (variable).

Capital One Luma Mastercard
£0
Min. limit £200, max. limit £1,500.
Not specified
35.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 35.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 35.9% APR (variable).
Capital One Luma Purchase Mastercard
£0
Min. limit £200, max. limit £1,500.
Not specified
35.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 35.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 35.9% APR (variable).
thinkmoney credit card
£0
Min. limit £200, max. limit £1,500.
Not specified
39.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 39.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 39.9% APR (variable).
opus card
£0
Min. limit £250, max. limit not specified.
Not specified
39.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 39.95% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 39.9% APR (variable).
thimbl. credit card
£0
Min. limit £150, max. limit £1,000.
Not specified
39.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,000 at a purchase rate of 39.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 39.9% APR (variable).
Ocean Credit Card
£0
Min. limit £200, max. limit £1,500.
Not specified
39.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 39.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 39.9% APR (variable).
Cashplus Credit Card Mastercard
£0
Min. limit £50, max. limit not specified.
Not specified
39.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,200 at a purchase rate of 39.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 39.9% APR (variable).
Vanquis Bank Classic Credit Card Visa
£0
Min. limit £150, max. limit £1,500.
Not specified
39.9%
Representative example: When you spend £1,000 at a purchase rate of 39.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 39.9% APR (variable).
Origin Credit Card
£0
Min. limit £150, max. limit £1,500.
Not specified
59.9%
Representative example: When you spend £250 at a purchase rate of 59.94% (variable) p.a., your representative rate is 59.9% APR (variable).
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Compare up to 4 providers

Name Product Rating Reports to Savings requirement Credit limit Fee How it works
LOQBOX free
Finder rating
★★★★★
Experian, Equifax, TransUnion
£20 - £200 per month
N/A
£0
Decide how much you can save over 12 months and LOQBOX will handle each deposit as a payment on a 0% APR loan – helping build your credit score. Receive all your savings back into a new bank account for free.
Portify Plus
Finder rating
★★★★★
Experian, Equifax, TransUnion
N/A
Not specified
£9 per month
Build your credit score with all major Credit Reference Agencies by paying your membership fee on time. Subject to eligibility, Portify may open a credit line that you can use to top up your bank account periodically.
LOQBOX flexi
Finder rating
★★★★★
Experian, Equifax, TransUnion
£20 - £200 per month
N/A
£30 (one-off)
Decide how much you can save over 12 months and LOQBOX will handle each deposit as a payment on a 0% APR loan – helping build your credit score. Receive all your savings back into an existing account for £30.
Portify Lite
Finder rating
★★★★★
Experian
N/A
N/A
£5 per month
Build your Experian credit score by paying your membership fee on time (reported to Experian as loan repayments).
Bits Basic
Finder rating
★★★★★
Experian
N/A
£48
£4 per month
Build your credit score with Experian by paying your monthly subscription fee. You can also opt into Bits’ “Rent reporting” service to start reporting your rent payments to Equifax.
SteadyPay StepUp
Finder rating
★★★★★
Experian, Equifax, TransUnion
N/A
N/A
£4 per month
Boost your credit score with all major Credit Reference Agencies by paying your subscription payment on time (reported to CRAs as loan repayments).
Tymit Booster secured credit card
Finder rating
★★★★★
Experian
Not specified
Your credit limit will equal the cash deposit amount
£9.95 per month
Improve your credit score by making a cash deposit to get a credit limit of the same amount. Tymit will report your repayment behaviour to Experian each month.
Portify Basic
Finder rating
★★★★★
N/A
N/A
N/A
£0
Get smart alerts to protect your credit score.
Bits Gold
Finder rating
★★★★★
Experian
N/A
£144
£12 per month
Build your credit score with Experian by paying your monthly subscription fee. You can also opt into Bits’ “Rent reporting” service to start reporting your rent payments to Equifax.
Bits Sapphire
Finder rating
★★★★★
Experian
N/A
£240
£20 per month
Build your credit score with Experian by paying your monthly subscription fee. You can also opt into Bits’ “Rent reporting” service to start reporting your rent payments to Equifax.
Bits Black
Finder rating
★★★★★
Experian
N/A
£480
£40 per month
Build your credit score with Experian by paying your monthly subscription fee. You can also opt into Bits’ “Rent reporting” service to start reporting your rent payments to Equifax.
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Compare up to 4 providers

Approval for any credit card will depend on your status. The representative APRs shown represent the interest rate offered to most successful applicants. Depending on your personal circumstances the APR you're offered may be higher, or you may not be offered credit at all. Fees and rates are subject to change without notice. It's always wise to check the terms of any deal before you borrow.

How can I compare unsecured credit cards for bad credit?

If you’ve got a bad credit rating and are looking at specialist credit cards, consider the following factors when comparing your options:

  • Eligibility. Each card issuer will have its own criteria that applicants will need to meet – covering things like your age and income. Almost all providers now offer a free “eligibility checker” tool (although they may call it something else), so that you can get a good idea of whether or not you would get approved for the card before you apply, without affecting your credit score. You shouldn’t apply for a card unless you’re confident that you’re eligible because multiple applications for credit can have an adverse effect on your credit score and can put off potential lenders.
  • Interest rates. This is the cost of borrowing. Any outstanding balance that you carry from month-to-month will incur interest. However, if you can clear your balance in full each month then with most cards you’ll be able to avoid interest altogether – credit cards typically come with up to 55 interest-free days on purchases if you don’t carry a balance month-to-month.
  • Credit limits. Credit limits are invariably tailored to the individual, but many issuers are upfront about their minimum and maximum limits. Some issuers also promise a credit limit review after a specified number of months (provided you’ve made all repayments on time).
  • Rewards and perks. Although credit cards for bad credit don’t typically come with much in the way of perks, a few do. Some issuers, including Asda and Tesco, let you earn reward points on all your spending on your card.
  • Fees. It’s important to check what fees apply with the card you’re interested in. These can include annual or monthly account fees, cash advance (withdrawing cash using the card) fees, overseas transaction fees and others.

The “dos and don’ts” of credit cards for bad credit

  • Do explore credit cards such as credit builders – designed to help those with bad credit to rebuild a positive credit history.
  • Do use an eligibility checker before applying for a credit card.
  • Do make credit card repayments on time, every month.
  • Don’t ever miss a payment, as doing so could mean it will become even harder to get credit in the future.
  • Don’t apply for too many credit cards over a short period of time, as this can appear too risky for lenders.
  • Don’t leave unused accounts open. If you have several accounts but are not currently using them, think about closing them.
  • Don’t use your credit card to withdraw cash from an ATM, as you’ll likely be hit with additional fees.

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