Pensions: Your guide to retirement preparations

This guide will help you understand your options when saving for retirement.

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Interactive Investor

Be up to £94k better off with an ii Self Invested Personal Pension*

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*Independent analysis by the lang cat. Go to site for details.
This article offers information about investing and the stock market, but is not personal investing advice. The value of investments can fall as well as rise, and you may get back less than you invested. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. If you’re not sure which investments are right for you, please get professional advice, for example from a financial adviser.

Preparing for your retirement isn’t exactly the most exciting task – but it’s vital to make sure you’ll have enough to tide you over when you decide to retire. We’ve compiled some of the key details about pensions and the different types that exist – some of which you may already have.

Table: sorted by promoted deals first
Data indicated here is updated regularly
Name Product Minimum investment Choose from Annual fee Brand description
Interactive Investor Pension
Any lump sum or £25 a month
Over 3,000 funds
£10/month
interactive investor is a flat-fee platform, which makes it cost effective for larger portfolios. Capital at risk.
Moneyfarm Pension
£1,500 (initial investment)
7 funds
0.35%-0.75%
Moneyfarm has pensions that are matched against your risk appetite, goals and planned retirement date. Capital at risk.
AJ Bell Pension
£1,000
Over 2,000 funds
0.05-0.25%
AJ Bell has two different pension options, a self managed pension and one that is managed for you. Capital at risk.
PensionBee Pension
No minimum
7 funds
0.5% - 0.95%
Pension Bee is a newbie in the pension market. It helps consolidate your pension plans into one place. Capital at risk.
Hargreaves Lansdown Pension
£100 or £25 a month
2,500 funds
0-0.45%
Hargreaves Lansdown is the UK's biggest wealth manager. It's got three different retirement options. Capital at risk.
Saxo Markets Pension
Saxo Markets Pension
£10
Over 11,000 funds
No annual fee
Saxo Markets gives flexibility and control over your investment strategy. Capital at risk.
Penfold
Penfold
No minimum
4 portfolios
0.75-0.88%
Moneybox Pension
£1
3 funds
0.15% - 0.45% charged monthly
Manage your money with an easy-to-use Moneybox app. Capital at risk.
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Data indicated here is updated regularly
Name Product Price per trade Frequent trader rate Platform fees Brand description
Fineco
£2.95
£2.95
Zero platform fee
Your first 100 trades are free with Fineco, T&Cs apply.
Fineco Bank is good for share traders and investors looking for a complete platform and wide offer. Capital at risk.
eToro Free Stocks
0% commission, no markup, no ticket fee, no management fee
N/A
Withdrawal fee & GDP to USD deposit conversion
Capital at risk. 0% commission but other fees may apply.
IG
0% commission on US shares, and £3 on UK shares
From £5
£0 - £24 per quarter
IG is good for experienced traders, and offers learning resources for beginners, all with wide access to shares, ETFs and funds. Capital at risk.
Hargreaves Lansdown Fund and Share Account
£11.95
£5.95
No fees
Hargreaves Lansdown is the UK's number one platform for private investors, with the depth of features you'd expect from an established platform. Capital at risk.
Degiro Share Dealing
£1.75 + 0.022% (max £5.00)
£1.75 + 0.022% (max £5.00)
Portfolio transfer fees (in & out)
Degiro is widely seen as one of the best low-cost share brokers, for people who are looking to trade regularly. Capital at risk.
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Data indicated here is updated regularly
Name Product Minimum deposit Maximum annual fee Price per trade Brand description
Interactive Investor stocks and shares ISA
Any lump sum or £25 a month
£119.88
£7.99
Interactive Investor offers everything most investors need. Its flat fees makes it pricey for small portfolios, but cheap for big ones. Capital at risk.
Hargreaves Lansdown stocks and shares ISA
£100
0.45%
£11.95
Hargreaves Lansdown is the UK's biggest wealth manager. It's got everything you'll need, from beginners to experienced investors. Capital at risk.
Nutmeg stocks and shares ISA
£100
0.75%
£0
Nutmeg offers three types of portfolios. Choose the one that goes with your investment style. Capital at risk.
Moneyfarm stocks and shares ISA
£1500
0.75%
£0
Capital at risk.
Saxo Markets stocks and shares ISA
No minimum deposit requirement
0.12%
£8.00
Saxo Markets offers a wide access to a range of stocks, ETFs and funds. Capital at risk.
AJ Bell stocks and shares ISA
£500
0.25%
£9.95
AJ Bell is a good all-rounder for people who to choose between shares, funds, ISAs and pensions. Capital at risk.
Fidelity stocks and shares ISA
£1000 or a regular savings plan from £50
0.35%
£10.00
Fidelity is another good all-rounder, offering a good package at a decent price. Not suited for trading shares. Capital at risk.
Legal & General stocks and shares ISA
Legal & General stocks and shares ISA
£100 or £20 a month
0.61%
N/A
Legal & General is a big financial services company which offers insurance, lifetime mortgage, pensions and stocks and shares ISAs. Capital at risk.
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All investing should be regarded as longer term. The value of your investments can go up and down, and you may get back less than you invest. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. If you’re not sure which investments are right for you, please seek out a financial adviser. Capital at risk.

What is a pension?

Put simply, a pension is a tax efficient way to save for your retirement. It’s all saved into a pot, so that when you retire, you can draw money from it or sell it in return for regular income for the rest of your life (also known as an ‘annuity’). Generally, you can access the money in your pension pot from the age of 55.

One important factor of a pension that some people don’t know is that it’s invested in funds, stocks, shares and government bonds. It’s not necessarily invested in all of these, and your pension’s investments often change over time.

Pensions have a number of important advantages over other savings options, which encourage your contributions to grow over your career. These include:

  • Tax relief
  • Top ups from employers
  • Tax free lump sum when you retire

There are a few different types of pension:

  • Workplace pension
  • Personal pension
  • State Pension

Let us take you through each of these in a bit more detail.

Workplace pensions

Most of us have our first encounter with pensions at work. Many employers offer company pension schemes, and as of April 2017 they are required to do so by law. A company pension scheme can be one of the simplest ways to put money away for retirement. It’s easy, and you’re often auto-enrolled with very little intervention required, if at all.

The biggest benefit to a workplace pension is that your employer will often match your contributions, Your contributions are taken straight out of your pay before it even hits your bank account, so it’s easy to not miss it. If your pension contribution is 5%, and your employer matches it, then each year you have 10% of your total salary put in your pension pot.

There are two different types of workplace pension – a type of a type of a pension, so to speak. An important distinction between them is whether the pension in question is a final salary, or a money purchase pension.

Final salary pensions

These are largely funded by employers, with employees paying in sometimes. With a final salary pension, you’ll get a percentage of your final salary before retirement – or when you leave – as a regular income. The percentage is calculated based on the years you’ve worked at a company. For instance, you might be offered a rate of 1/50th of your salary for every year you worked at a company – which could be 25 years. That’s 25/50ths, or half of your final salary with the company.

Money purchase pensions (defined contribution schemes)

This is the most common type of pension. They save money into a pension pot under an agreement with your employer. When it comes to withdrawing, you can take the cash out or swap it for something called an annuity, which is simply an income for the rest of your life.

What is auto-enrolment?

Auto-enrolment aims to make sure that people contribute to their pensions. The auto-enrolment rules mean employers are legally obliged to offer employees a pension scheme. If you do nothing, you’ll be opted in – hence the name. You can, however, choose to opt out if you wish.

Personal pensions

A personal pension is one that you set up yourself. You can choose to manage it yourself or hire someone to manage the pension for you. The main benefit to a personal pension is that you can get great tax breaks on it, just like with your workplace pension. The government tops up your pension by 25% or more of your contributions. Ideally, after a long period of time, your money will have had a chance to grow!

Typically, by the age of 55, you’ll be able to withdraw 25% of your pension pot tax free. Anything more than this is subject to regular income tax. Like workplace pensions, you’ll also have the option to purchase an annuity.

State Pension

Most UK citizens get some State Pension. The State Pension is a secured income for your retirement. The amount is increased each year at the rate of inflation. You can find out how much you expect to receive by checking on the government website. Your state pension comes from your National Insurance contributions which you make throughout your life.

If you haven’t yet reached the state pension age, then you’re likely to be on the new state pension. This differs a little bit from the basic state pension.

The new state pension is for women born on or after April 6 1953 and men born on or after April 6 1951.

To be eligible for any state pension, you need to have at least 10 qualifying years on your National Insurance record. This means that for at least 10 years (not necessarily in a row) you were working and paid National Insurance, you got National Insurance credits, or you made voluntary National Insurance contributions.

Anyone working in the UK who is over 16 and earning more than £183 per week (or self-employed and making more than £6,475 in profit per year) is required to make National Insurance contributions. If you don’t think that you’ll make enough contributions, you can make voluntary ‘catch-up’ payments to get back on track.

Who holds my pension money?

The Government has its own scheme called the National Employment Savings Trust (NEST), which many employers join. Alternatively, your employer may choose another company which manages your investments. You’ll be able to decide on the levels of risk you’re willing to take with them.

What happens with the money when I retire?

As soon as you begin contributing to a pension, it can’t be withdrawn easily. It must stay in the pension pot until the age of 55. Then you can withdraw 25% as a tax-free lump sum. The rest should ideally provide you with enough income for the rest of your life.

It’s up to you to begin planning as you approach retirement age. When your regular income stops, you need to make decisions about how much money to withdraw and how much you’ll be living on.

We show offers we can track - that's not every product on the market...yet. Unless we've said otherwise, products are in no particular order. The terms "best", "top", "cheap" (and variations of these) aren't ratings, though we always explain what's great about a product when we highlight it. This is subject to our terms of use. When you make major financial decisions, consider getting independent financial advice. Always consider your own circumstances when you compare products so you get what's right for you.

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