Remortgaging: A simple guide
Don't miss out on a better mortgage deal which could end up saving you thousands.
What is remortgaging?
Remortgaging is the act of switching mortgages. This can be by moving your loan to a new lender, or just by changing the type of loan you have with your existing lender.
Usually, remortgaging is done to get a lower rate or a loan suitable for pursuits such as renovations.
More often it’s done by switching to a new lender that may offer an interest rate or features that better suit your situation.
7 reasons why you should consider remortgaging
As we mentioned above, remortgaging is usually done to reduce costs or to better suit your life.
In reality there are a range of reasons why you might want to say goodbye to your existing lender and look for a new one.
Let’s have a look at the various reasons below:
1. For a better interest rate
It’s always a good idea to approach your existing lender first to ask for a better interest rate. Make sure you do your research beforehand and show them the existing deals in the market and ask if they can match it. Staying with your existing lender could mean that you save on discharge or exit fees plus application fees of your new loan, not to mention the amount of paperwork you’ve saved.
2. To access and use equity
If you’ve built a significant amount of equity in your home you can remortgage to use this equity to purchase other properties or assets, such as funding a renovation for your home or purchasing a new car. One of the advantages to this is that you can purchase an item with the same interest rate as your home loan, rather than committing to an interest rate offered on a personal loan or credit card. However, one of the risks of accessing this equity is that it might take a bit longer to pay off your mortgage.
3. To gain access to new features
Again, it’s a great idea to approach your lender first if you want more features. Features like additional repayments, portability and offset accounts can help you save on interest repayments.
4. To pay less in fees
Fees should always feature in a mortgage comparison. Compare the application or establishment fees, ongoing fees, valuation fees, monthly or annual fees, and any other fees for using features such redraw facilities or 100% offset accounts. Just because a home loan has an annual fee or application fee it doesn’t mean it should be avoided. Take the time to look at it in depth and find out whether the fees are worth it for the benefits.
5. To get a loan that better suits your life
Different home loans suit different life stages, for example if you are preparing for retirement you may be more inclined to opt for a mortgage which gives you access to some of your equity.
6. To consolidate debts
You can use the money you would release from your home to pay off other debts. Mortgages usually have lower interest rates than personal loans and credit cards so if you find the right deal you could be saving yourself money. It is important to be aware that by your mortgage repayments might now be higher or run for a longer period so you could end up paying more in the long run.
7. To get better customer service
It is important to be happy with the reputation and service of your lender. If you are not happy with the customer service of your current lender you might want to think about swapping to a lender who offers more of a personal approach to customer service. You could save yourself a lot of hassle by having one person dedicated to your mortgage application and needs. The amount of support and guidance a lender is willing to offer generally reflects the standard of their customer service.
When should I remortgage?
Here are some scenarios where remortgaging tends to be a good idea.
- Your introductory deal is ending. If your current mortgage had an introductory rate that’s about to end, it’s likely you’ll be moved onto the lender’s standard variable rate (SVR), which is usually significantly higher. If this is the case, your monthly repayments will skyrocket, meaning remortgaging could be a good idea. You should start searching for remortgage deals around 14 weeks before your introductory deal expires, so there’s enough time for all the paperwork to go through.
- You’re worried about interest rates rising. When the Bank of England base rate rises, mortgage rates tend to rise across the board. There’s no foolproof way to predict this, but if you believe it’s about to happen, you may want to lock in a low rate while it’s still available.
- You want to borrow more money. Remortgaging is often a useful way to borrow extra money at a low rate. If your current mortgage provider doesn’t allow you to do this on good terms, remortgaging with a different provider could be a solution.
- Your home’s value has skyrocketed. If your home’s value has increased since you took out your mortgage, you could be eligible for a mortgage with a lower loan-to-value. If this is the case, the rates on offer are likely to be far lower than what you’re currently paying.
- You’re moving house (without a portable mortgage). If your current mortgage deal isn’t portable and you’re looking to move house, you’ll have to remortgage.
- You want added flexibility. Some mortgages let you take payment holidays. Some let you overpay without any charge. If you’re desperate to do this, but your current deal won’t let you, it might be worth remortgaging.
When shouldn’t I remortgage?
If you’re dealing with any of these situations, you may want to think twice about remortgaging.
- Your current deal has a huge early repayment charge. Most mortgages with introductory deals will include an early repayment charge if you switch before the deal has ended. These charges can be huge and will often eclipse any savings you’d make by remortgaging.
- The alternative rates aren’t much better than your current deal. There are one-off fees attached to most remortgage deals on the market. If the rates available are only slightly better than your current deal, it’s likely these fees will cancel out any savings you make by switching.
- You’re suffering financial difficulties or credit problems. When remortgaging, you’ll need to go through the same affordability checks as you did when you originally bought the house. If your credit score has decreased since being approved for your last mortgage, you may struggle to be approved for a better deal. The same goes if your income decreased compared to your outgoings.
- You’ve recently changed jobs. A new job is often interpreted as being risky for lenders, and this might deter them from offering you the best deals. This could be particularly problematic if you’ve recently become self-employed or launched a business. Lenders would want to see a minimum of one year’s accounts before lending to self-employed applicants. To get the best deals, you may have to provide at least three years of accounts.
- If interest rates look likely to drop. If you believe the Bank of England base rate is likely to drop soon, it might be worth holding out for a better remortgage deal in the future.
- If your home has dropped in value. If your home has dropped in value, the loan-to-value of your mortgage may have risen, meaning better rates might be out of reach. If you’re stuck in negative equity, it’ll prove especially difficult to find a better deal than what you’re already on. In this situation, it’s usually best to sit tight and wait for house prices to improve.
How much will it cost me to remortgage?
Whilst remortgaging has the potential to save you money, there are a number of fees involved that are worth considering before you begin the application process.
- Exit fees. This is an administration fee charged when you’ve paid off your mortgage in full. Whether its to remortgage with a different lender or because you can afford to pay off the mortgage. Learn more about exit fees.
- Arrangement fees. These fees cover the initial costs of setting up your mortgage. Generally speaking the fee will be higher if your mortgage has a lower interest rate.
- Valuation fees. Your new lender will want to have your property valued as it might have changed in value since you bought it. The amount you will pay depends on the value of your property but sometimes lenders offer valuations as free as part of the remortgage deal.
- Legal fees. You will need a lawyer to help you with the legal work involved in remortgaging, luckily it shouldn’t cost quite as much as it did when you first took out the mortgage as there is less legal work involved. These fees cover the cost of your lender’s solicitors.
- Early repayment charge (ERC). If you have a fixed rate mortgage you’ll typically be locked in for a number of years. You can get out of the deal and remortgage however you will have to pay a penalty. It is usually better to wait until the end of the mortgage period before remortgaging.
What could affect my remortgage application?
Remortgaging will involve the same affordability checks as when you originally bought the house. If your credit score or income has worsened since then, you may struggle to be approved for a better deal. You may still have options to remortgage with bad credit, but the rates are unlikely to be particularly favourable.
If you’ve recently changed jobs, this could prove problematic for a remortgage application, because your income is deemed less stable by lenders. It could be particularly problematic if you’ve recently become self-employed. Lenders want to see a minimum of one year’s – and ideally three years’ – worth of accounts before approving self-employed applicants.
What’s more, some mortgages require you to keep them for a certain amount of time, usually at least six months.
Do you need a solicitor to remortgage?
You won’t need a conveyancing solicitor if you’re moving to a different deal with the same lender. In fact, the whole process will involve less hassle. However, if you’re changing providers, you’ll need a solicitor to facilitate this process.
How long will remortgaging take?
Remortgaging can take as long to process as your original mortgage, which is why it’s generally recommended to apply for a deal around 14 weeks before you want the new deal to begin.
How to compare the best remortgage deals
- Speak to your current lender. Ask your lender if this is the best deal that you can get. Lenders will usually have a number of incentives in place to retain customers thinking of remortgaging, including discounted interest rates and waived fees.
- Compare interest rates. The interest rate offered by different lenders should be high on your list of considerations when looking for the best remortgaging deal. Decide on whether you want a fixed or variable rate, and if you are selecting a fixed rate, decide how long you want to fix it for.
- Look at the fees. Compare the fees that apply to different lenders. Some common mortgage fees include application fees and survey or valuation fees. Take your time and compare the fees that apply to any potential new mortgages and assess their long-term impact on your mortgage costs.
- Compare features. Consider the features that you’d like from your new mortgage and how these will match the purpose of your remortgage. For instance, if you’re looking to minimise your account-keeping costs you may want to compare mortgages with no ongoing fees. If you’ve received a pay rise, you may want to think about opting for a mortgage that allows you to make unlimited extra repayments without penalty.
- Calculate the costs. You will need to calculate the expected costs using a refinancing calculator. This will help you identify the gains that you will make over the term of the mortgage. Remember to factor in any exit fees charged by your current lender as well as upfront fees applicable to your new mortgage.
- Check your credit history. Review your credit file to ensure that it’s healthy, as this will help support you in your remortgaging negotiations.
What’s the “best” remortgaging deal?
The best remortgaging deal is one that suits your mortgage needs while not raising your expenses. Ideally, a good remortgaging deal will lower your ongoing expenses and periodic repayments by offering a lower interest rate and more suitable features.
Before doing your research, you should ask yourself the following:
- What type of mortgage do I want? You might want to switch from a variable rate to a fixed rate or vice versa, or you might want to remortgage to a new loan that allows you to make unlimited additional repayments on your mortgage when you have extra cash. During this stage, you should think about your lifestyle and how it may influence the type of mortgage that you need. Ideally, you should have a list of features and specifications you want in your mortgage before starting your comparison.
- What are the savings? Savings are one of the most important considerations when remortgaging, particularly at a time when lenders have increased set-up fees. While it’s good to opt for a lower interest rate, make sure that the cost savings outweigh the cost of switching lenders. Ask your existing lender for details about any exit fees or other charges that may apply when you exit your current mortgage, and consider any fees charged by the new lender.
- What is the mortgage term? The length of the mortgage term can affect the amount of savings that you could get from remortgaging. For instance, if you remortgage after holding your current mortgage for 15 years and have the balance spread out over another 25-year period, you may actually pay more over the total 45-year duration despite the lower interest rate.
The cost of remortgaging
While remortgaging has the potential to save you money, there are a number of fees involved that are worth considering before you begin the application process.
- Arrangement fees. These fees cover the initial costs of setting up your mortgage. Generally, the fee will be higher if your mortgage has a lower interest rate.
- Booking fees. This is sometimes charged when you simply apply for a mortgage and is not usually refundable even if your mortgage falls through. Some mortgage providers will include it as part of the arrangement fee, while others will only add it on depending on the size of the mortgage.
- Valuation fees. Your new lender will want to have your property valued. Lenders want to satisfy themselves that the property is sound and it might have changed in value since you bought it. The amount you will pay depends on the value of your property but sometimes lenders offer valuations for free as part of the remortgaging deal.
- Conveyancing fees. You will need a lawyer to help you with the legal work involved in remortgaging, luckily it shouldn’t cost quite as much as it did when you first took out the mortgage as there is less legal work involved. These fees cover the cost of your lender’s solicitors.
- Broker fees. This is the fee that you or your lender pay for advice throughout the mortgage process, whether it’s assistance with finding the right mortgage for you or helping you through the application process.
- Early repayment charge (ERC). If you have a fixed rate mortgage you’ll typically be locked in for a number of years. You can get out of the deal and remortgage but you will have to pay a penalty. It’s usually better to wait until the end of the fixed rate period before remortgaging.
- Exit fees. This is an administration fee charged when you’ve paid off your mortgage in full, whether you’re remortgaging with a different lender or you’ve finished paying off your mortgage. Learn more about exit fees.
Remortgaging cost estimate
To give you a clearer example of the costs above, we’ve broken down an example estimate of the fees that you may face when remortgaging. Note that these fees can vary from one lender to another.
|Early repayment charge||1-5% of the value of the early repayment|
Should you remortgage for home improvements?
Remortgaging can often be the most cost-effective method of raising funds for home improvements. As long as you have equity in your home and can afford the new monthly repayments, it’s likely to be a suitable option for you. Our guide explains how it works.
Remortgaging your house to buy another property
If you’re looking to invest in a buy-to-let property, it may be possible to remortgage your home in order to raise a deposit. To make this work, you’ll need a decent amount of equity in your home and enough income to be able to afford the new monthly repayments. Read our guide to learn more.
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