Life insurance to protect your child with special needs | finder.com
Child-walking-featured-image

Life insurance and special needs children

Get peace of mind that your loved ones are cared for without jeopardizing government support.

As a parent, you strive to put your child first. But parents of children with special needs can face complex challenges and issues that other parents don’t.

Your responsibility to your child extends beyond their childhood and adolescent years into their adulthood. And proactively planning for the future means considering how they’ll manage after you’re no longer around to care for them.

Life insurance is one way for parents to ease the financial strain of ongoing care for their child with special needs so that they can live a long, happy life after you’re gone.

Why we like:

Affordable 2-, 10- and 20-year term life insurance policies. Instant quotes and no medical exams.

  • Offers on-the-spot coverage
  • No annual or cancellation fees
  • 30-day money back guarantee

Why we like: Bestow

Affordable 2-, 10- and 20-year term life insurance policies. Instant quotes and no medical exams.

  • Application takes less than 10 minutes.
  • Available to people ages 25 to 54-years-old.
  • Currently offered in 40 states.
Promoted

Factors to consider

While under normal circumstances, a person taking out a life insurance policy does so to help cover end-of-life or funeral expenses, outstanding debts and potential lost wages for family members.

If you are a parent to a child with special needs, life insurance can both cover your end-of-life expenses as well as ensure that your child’s future financial needs are met in your absence.

Depending on your needs, you can choose to insure one or both parents, assigning your death benefit to either your child as a one-time payout or to a special-needs trust that can provide continuing support for ongoing quality of life. This kind of trust can ensure that its beneficiary remains eligible for government programs like Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Medicaid, regardless of the assets in that trust.

How life insurance works

Life insurance is a financial product you purchase through monthly premiums that pays out a lump sum or annuity after you die. Beneficiaries can use this money to cover funeral costs, a mortgage or outstanding debts, education and general living expenses.

Many banks, providers and brokers offer life insurance products, with term life and whole life two of the most common types. Term life insurance covers the policyholder within a specified term of 1 to 30 years, while whole life insurance covers the policyholder over their lifetime.

Once your life insurance policy is in place, you pay annual or monthly premiums on the policy until the policy term is up or until you die.

What is graded life insurance?

If you’re interested in taking out a life insurance policy that covers your child with special needs, rather than you personally, a graded life insurance policy might be worth exploring.

Graded life insurance is designed for those who typically struggle to meet life insurance eligibility criteria — like people who have a disability. They tend to come with higher premiums than traditional life insurance, but applying and approval can be easier.

Graded life insurance policies work by limiting the death benefit paid out if the policyholder passes away within the first two to four years of coverage, depending on the policy — for instance, 50% of the face amount of the policy in the second year and 75% of the face amount in the third.

After the policy is in effect for a specified period, the full death benefit is released when the policyholder passes away.

If you’re interested in graded life insurance, speak with an insurance professional about your specific needs to determine how your circumstances are considered in underwriting. Ultimately, decisions and rates depend on nuanced health information.

Compare life insurance companies

Name Product Issue Ages Coverage Range Medical Exam Required
18 - 85 years old
$10,000 to $10,000,000+
Depends on provider and policy
Compare quotes from 16 life insurance companies side by side.
18 - 75 years old
$100,000 to $5,000,000
Depends on provider and policy
Apply for a simple instant-decision policy free of charge. Compare quotes from multiple A-rated carriers.
20 - 80 years old
$25,000 to $10,000,000
No
Quickly get a quote for coverage with this marketplace, which compares term & whole life insurance policies from 45+ carriers.
18 - 80 years old
$50,000 to $25,000,000
Depends on provider and policy
Get a quote within minutes from more than a dozen insurers.
18 - 80 years old
$25,000 to $10,000,000
Depends on provider and policy
Compare quotes from over 40 highly rated carriers and get coverage shortly after approval.

Compare up to 4 providers

Is making my child the beneficiary of my life insurance policy a good idea?

It depends on your specific circumstances. Appointing your children as beneficiaries of your life insurance can help ensure that your loved ones are taken care of after you die.

But assigning your child with special needs as the beneficiary of your life insurance policy could backfire. If your child benefits from Supplemental Security Income (SSI), the payout of your insurance policy could cost your child their disability support, because the government limits SSI need to individuals with a monthly income of $2,000 or less.

You do have a tool to provide for your child with a life insurance payout while protecting their SSI benefits. By appointing a special-needs trust as the beneficiary of your policy instead of your child.

Starting a trust for your child and appointing the trust as your policy beneficiary typically ensures that your child can continue to benefit from government support while simultaneously receiving the benefit of your life insurance policy.

How to purchase life insurance

Though applying and underwriting can vary by provider, you’ll typically follow the same process from application to approval.

  1. Pick a policy type. Research your options to decide the type you’re after — term, whole or universal — and the features you’re most interested in.
  2. Compare providers. After you’ve decided on a policy type, narrow down potential providers. Ensure that your chosen provider carries the type of policy you want and can offer competitive premiums.
  3. Visit the provider. Some providers allow you to apply for a life insurance policy online. Others require you to meet with an agents over the phone or in person to start the application process.
  4. Complete your application. Whether online or in person, you’ll supply personal and lifestyle issues that include your full name and address, your date of birth, your height and weight, your employment information and annual income and your habits or hobbies.
  5. Complete a medical exam. Some providers require that you attend an in-person medical examination. Your agent will help schedule your exam at a time and place that’s convenient for you. During the exam, you’ll likely submit to a urine and blood test and a check of your height, weight, pulse and blood pressure.
  6. Await your results. An underwriter reviews your application and medical exam results before approving or denying your request for coverage. This process can take several days or several weeks, depending on your provider.

How do I exercise my policy’s benefits?

The death benefits of your life insurance policy are paid out after you die. A loved one or legal representative can file a claim to your life insurance provider accompanied by a death certificate.

Most providers release payment within 60 days of a claim filing. The payment is released to the beneficiary of the policy in fixed installments over a predetermined period of time or as a lump sum, depending on the option you select when applying for the policy.

Bottom line

Choosing a life insurance policy and provider under any circumstance can be complicated. But it’s often vital to safeguarding the future of your loved ones.

Providing for your child with special needs after you’ve passed away is one way a life insurance policy can help. But to protect the government benefits your child might receive, consider appointing a special-needs trust as the beneficiary of your policy. That way, you’ll know your child is protected to the full extent of their rights.

Frequently asked questions

These are some of the most frequently asked questions about this topic. If you still have questions, please get in touch with us.

Was this content helpful to you? No  Yes

Ask an Expert

You are about to post a question on finder.com:

  • Do not enter personal information (eg. surname, phone number, bank details) as your question will be made public
  • finder.com is a financial comparison and information service, not a bank or product provider
  • We cannot provide you with personal advice or recommendations
  • Your answer might already be waiting – check previous questions below to see if yours has already been asked

Finder.com provides guides and information on a range of products and services. Because our content is not financial advice, we suggest talking with a professional before you make any decision.

By submitting your comment or question, you agree to our Privacy and Cookies Policy and Terms of Use.

Questions and responses on finder.com are not provided, paid for or otherwise endorsed by any bank or brand. These banks and brands are not responsible for ensuring that comments are answered or accurate.
Go to site