What is a personal loan and how does it work? | finder.com

What is a personal loan?

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Find out how much you can typically borrow, term lengths and more.

If you’re looking to make a big purchase, a number of small purchases or consolidate existing debt, you might wonder if a personal loan is the right choice for you. Not all loans are made equal, so familiarize yourself with your options before jumping into an application.

What is a personal loan?

A personal loan is money you borrow from a financial institution and repay monthly with interest. Both the principal and interest must be repaid by the end of the loan term, which is usually between one and seven years. You may be able to borrow between $1,000 and $100,000, though it varies by lender. APRs typically range from 4% to 36% depending on your creditworthiness and financial situation.

You can usually find personal loans offered by online lenders, brokers, banks, credit unions and peer-to-peer lenders. Personal loans can be used for almost any legitimate purpose, including consolidating your debts, making a large purchase or going on vacation.

What types of personal loans are available?

When you’re ready to get started, there are a few different types of personal loans to consider:

  • Fixed- vs. variable-rate loans. Ask your lender how it intends on calculating interest. Fixed rates guarantee a certain interest over the life of the loan, while variable rates can fluctuate based on the lending market. You can learn more about the features of each with our guide to fixed-rate versus variable-rate loans.
  • Secured vs. unsecured loans. When comparing loans, ask if you need to put up an asset as collateral. A secured loan requires collateral, but will generally have better terms. On the other hand, an unsecured loan doesn’t require collateral and will usually have less competitive terms, but you don’t risk losing an asset if you default. To help you decide which is right for you, check out our guide to secured versus unsecured loans.

How can I get a personal loan?

Many lenders allow you to apply for a personal loan online, though some banks and credit unions might ask you to visit a local branch to sign you loan documents in person. Before you apply, check that you’re eligible — many lenders have credit and income requirements you need to meet. If you think you qualify, confirm the loan is offering everything you’re looking for, gather any required documents you need and begin the loan application process.

Compare personal loans

Updated September 19th, 2019
Name Product Filter Values APR Min. Credit Score Max. Loan Amount
6.95% to 35.89%
640
$40,000
A peer-to-peer lender offering fair rates based on your credit score.
5.34% to 35.99%
Good to excellent credit
$100,000
Get personalized rates in minutes and then choose a loan offer from several top online lenders.
3.99% to 35.99%
500
$100,000
Quickly compare multiple online lenders with competitive rates depending on your credit.
Varies by lender
Available for all credit scores
$100,000
Get a connected with a lender — or get debt advice.
5.99% to 17.66%
680
$100,000
No fees. Multiple member perks such as community events and career coaching.
3.84% to 35.99%
550
$100,000
Get connected to competitive loan offers instantly from top online consumer lenders.
34% to 155% (Varies by state)
550
$10,000
Check eligibility in minutes and get a personalized quote without affecting your credit score.
7.99% to 35.89%
620
$50,000
Affordable loans with two simple repayment terms and no prepayment penalties.

Compare up to 4 providers

Bottom line

A personal loan allows you to borrow money from a bank, credit union or online lender to cover a major expense, consolidate your debts and more. You usually have the choice between fixed or variable rates, and can opt to back it with collateral for a more competitive deal.

You can learn more about how they work and compare lenders with our guide to personal loans.

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