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Can I get a personal loan without hurting my credit?
How to avoid a dip in your score when you're comparing lenders.
There’s no way around it — finalizing any personal loan application will cause your credit score to drop. But many lenders offer preapproval that allows you to see what rates and terms you might qualify for without affecting your credit. The key to finding out if a form will affect it is asking whether it requires a hard or soft credit pull.
Does applying for a personal loan hurt my credit score?
Yes, most lenders do a hard credit check when you fill out a personal loan application and finalize it. This can cause your credit score to drop a few points, though how many will vary based on your credit profile and other factors.
However, some personal loan providers offer preapproval that comes with a soft credit check, which won’t affect your score. This can help you compare offers from multiple lenders before following through with a full application.
Can I get a personal loan with no credit check?
It’s unlikely. Personal loan providers will almost always do a hard pull of your credit when you finalize your loan application. While there are some short-term lenders that offer loans with no credit check, these are expensive and should be saved as a last resort.
What is a soft credit check?
Soft credit checks don’t count as inquiries on your credit report — which means they won’t lower your credit score. Lenders and companies frequently do soft credit pulls for background checks or to get an idea of your credit. Unlike hard credit checks, a person or company doesn’t need your permission to run a soft inquiry.
If you’re comparing personal loans, car loans or credit cards, make sure your lender has a preapproval process that only requires a soft credit check. This allows you to preview your potential rates without lowering your credit score — effectively preserving your score until you’ve found a product you’re ready to commit to.
Examples of a soft credit check
- Loan and credit card offers in the mail
- Loan and credit card preapproval
- Background checks
- Employment verification
What is a hard credit check?
Hard credit checks are the actual inquiries listed on your credit report. The most common reason for a hard inquiry is when you apply for a loan and accept the offer. The lender will do a hard pull of your credit in order to see your borrowing and repayment history so it can make a more informed decision about your rates and terms.
It may lower your score slightly, but hard inquiries only stay on your credit report for two years. And certain types of loans — car loans, student loans and mortgages — only count as one hard inquiry if applications are submitted within a short timeframe. Just be careful, too many hard inquiries over a few months can take a toll on your score and make you look like a high-risk borrower to lenders.
Examples of a hard credit check
- Loan and credit card applications
- Rental or lease applications
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How do I dispute a hard credit inquiry?
To dispute a hard credit inquiry you didn’t authorize, contact the credit bureau in writing. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) recommends including copies of any documents that support your position. You can use the FTC’s sample dispute letter to help guide you.
The credit bureau is required by the Fair Credit Reporting Act to accept disputes and investigate, usually within 30 days. If your dispute is accepted, all three major credit bureaus must correct any incomplete or inaccurate information.
You can’t get a personal loan — or any loan — without a hard inquiry, but it should only lower your score a few points. And if you compare personal loans before applying, you can further limit the impact a hard credit check has on your credit.
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