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FHA vs. VA loans

Ease the financial burden of buying a home with these government-backed loans.

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Buying a home is among the biggest and most exciting commitments you’ll ever make. But how do you choose the right financing? Like every mortgage, FHA and VA loans have their advantages and disadvantages.

How do FHA and VA loans compare?

Both are government-backed mortgage programs, but they come with different eligibility requirements, terms and loan limits.

FHA loansVA loans
EligibilityAnyone who meets the income and credit score requirementsEligible veterans and surviving spouses who have not remarried
Institutional supportFederal Housing AdministrationVeterans Administration
Credit score requirement500+None
Down paymentstarting at 3.5%None
Lender optionsAny FHA-approved lenderAny VA-approved lender
(The VA can lend directly, but it’s rare.)
Interest ratesSubject to market conditions and negotiable between the lender and borrowerSubject to market conditions and negotiable between the lender and borrower
Types of properties
  • Single-family homes and 2- to 4-unit properties
  • Select manufactured and mobile homes
  • FHA-approved condos and townhomes
  • Single-family homes and 2- to 4-unit properties
  • Select manufactured, mobile and modular homes
  • VA-approved condos
  • Select construction sites
Owner-occupancy requirementYesYes

Learn more about FHA loans

Learn more about VA loans

When should I choose a FHA loan?

If you’re a first time buyer with low to median income, and FHA loan could be for you. It’s lenient eligibility requirements make it a good option for borrowers with high debt-to-income ratio and low credit scores.
To avoid being blindsided, factor the required mortgage insurance into your budget. You’ll pay an upfront premium at closing and then make monthly payments for the life of the mortgage.

When should I avoid a FHA loan?

Avoid an FHA loan if you’re buying in an area with a low supply and high demand. FHA have a lower loan ceiling, so FHA loans may not cover the cost of the home you need. Additionally, heavily discounted homes, fixer-uppers and condos might not qualify for a FHA loan.

Compare FHA lenders

Name Product Min. credit score State availability Loans offered
Axos Bank
620
Available in all states
Conventional, Refinance, Jumbo, Home Equity, Fixed, Adjustable, FHA, VA, USDA
Explore a full suite of home loan options with this direct online lender.
LoanDepot
620
Available in all states
Conventional, Refinance, Home Equity, Jumbo, Fixed, Adjustable, FHA, VA, USDA
A nontraditional lender offering impartial guidance on a range of loans.
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Compare up to 4 providers

When should I choose a VA loan?

Consider applying for a VA loan if you or family member is a part of the military. It doesn’t require a down payment or mortgage insurance, cutting down on overall costs. It also comes with attractive tax perks and relaxed credit requirements.

When should I avoid a VA loan?

Avoid a VA loan if you found a home that needs a lot of work — VA loans can have strict home assessments. And you’ll be on the hook for 5% down if you’re looking at a manufactured home.
Additionally the VA doesn’t guarantee the full amount of your loan. You may need to meet additional requirements from the bank.

Compare VA lenders

Name Product Min. credit score State availability
Axos Bank
620
Available in all states
Explore a full suite of home loan options with this direct online lender.
LoanDepot
620
Available in all states
A nontraditional lender offering impartial guidance on a range of loans.
loading

Compare up to 4 providers

Bottom line

While FHA loans are flexible and easier to apply for, borrowers are hit with monthly insurance payments that last the life of the mortgage. But VA loans are exclusive: Requiring no down payment, they’ve opened the homeownership doors to many military members.

Compare your home financing options in our comprehensive guide to mortgages.

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