Cryptocurrencies are speculative and investing in them involves significant risks - they're highly volatile, vulnerable to hacking and sensitive to secondary activity. The value of investments can fall as well as rise and you may get back less than you invested. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. This content shouldn't be interpreted as a recommendation to invest. Before you invest, you should get advice and decide whether the potential return outweighs the risks. Finder, or the author, may have holdings in the cryptocurrencies discussed.
Estimated reading time: 2 min
Due to the potential for losses, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) considers this investment to be high risk.
What are the key risks?
1. You could lose all the money you invest
- The performance of most cryptoassets can be highly volatile, with their value dropping as quickly as it can rise. You should be prepared to lose all the money you invest in cryptoassets.
- The cryptoasset market is largely unregulated. There is a risk of losing money or any cryptoassets you purchase due to risks such as cyber-attacks, financial crime and firm failure.
2. You should not expect to be protected if something goes wrong
- The Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) doesn't protect this type of investment because it's not a 'specified investment' under the UK regulatory regime – in other words, this type of investment isn't recognised as the sort of investment that the FSCS can protect. Learn more by using the FSCS investment protection checker.
- The Financial Ombudsman Service (FOS) will not be able to consider complaints related to this firm or Protection from the Financial Ombudsman Service (FOS) does not cover poor investment performance. If you have a complaint against an FCA regulated firm, FOS may be able to consider it. Learn more about FOS protection here.
3. You may not be able to sell your investment when you want to
- There is no guarantee that investments in cryptoassets can be easily sold at any given time. The ability to sell a cryptoasset depends on various factors, including the supply and demand in the market at that time.
- Operational failings such as technology outages, cyber-attacks and comingling of funds could cause unwanted delay and you may be unable to sell your cryptoassets at the time you want.
4. Cryptoasset investments can be complex
- Investments in cryptoassets can be complex, making it difficult to understand the risks associated with the investment.
- You should do your own research before investing. If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is.
5. Don't put all your eggs in one basket
- Putting all your money into a single type of investment is risky. Spreading your money across different investments makes you less dependent on any one to do well.
- A good rule of thumb is not to invest more than 10% of your money in high-risk investments.
If you are interested in learning more about how to protect yourself, visit the FCA's website here.
For further information about cryptoassets, visit the FCA's website here.
2021 has seen the explosion of the 'meme coin', to the point that these are a legitimate category of cryptocurrency. The two most prominent meme coins, Shiba Inu and Dogecoin, are based around the popular Shiba Inu dog breed. What was a cute, lovable joke has turned into one of the most rapidly growing markets in the industry.
Shiba Inu and Dogecoin have come from relative obscurity to cement themselves in the top 10 cryptocurrencies by market capitalisation. Both initially had no real purpose other than being a 'fun' joke. Now, these projects have evolved and are developing a number of features, including decentralised exchanges and staking services.
As these meme coins continue to mature, the question remains: Who will win this dog fight?
What is Dogecoin?Dogecoin (DOGE) was created in 2013 by Jackson Palmer and Billy Markus. It was originally created to make the point that anybody could make a cryptocurrency based on pretty much anything.
The meme coin took on a life of its own though, being adopted and used by a loyal, almost cult-like community once the creators left the project in 2015.
For the first 8 years (or 56 years in dog years) of Dogecoin, the coin was extraordinarily cheap. This lended itself perfectly to tipping, which became its most common use. Instead of having to split other cryptocurrencies worth in the thousands, thankful internet users could easily tip others just a fraction of a cent with Dogecoin.
Though still on the cheaper side, Dogecoin surged in popularity throughout 2021, with the coin nearly breaching 75 cents USD in May.
Dogecoin has been long-supported by its self-proclaimed CEO and crypto enthusiast, Elon Musk. The Tesla and ex-PayPal owner has had a huge impact on the success of Dogecoin, with his constant affirming tweets and love for the actual Shiba Inu dog driving its popularity.
Dogecoin uses a proof-of-work mechanism to execute transactions and 'mint' (create) new coins. This is done using high-tech computers that 'mine' the coin, which is very similar to how Bitcoin is created.
Dogecoin has traditionally had a huge supply due to its low cost and high inflation rate. As of November 2021, the circulating supply was 131 billion Dogecoin. Dogecoin doesn't have a maximum number of coins that can be created.
10,000 Dogecoins can be mined every minute, which results in an annual inflation rate of 5.256 billion coins. This figure is quite high relative to other coins – Ethereum has a max annual inflation rate of 18 million, while Bitcoin's entire coin supply is limited to 21 million coins.
Having such a high inflation rate can be problematic for the long-term stability of a coin's price, and this may influence Dogecoin's potential for becoming a widely-adopted currency.
What is Shiba Inu?Shiba Inu (SHIB) is a mysterious project, being developed in 2020 by an anonymous programmer known as Ryoshi. Upon its release SHIB coins were practically valueless, though over time the price crept upward. It gained traction on the back of Dogecoin's success in 2021, eventually becoming dubbed the 'Dogecoin-killer' and exploding in value by over 200% in October 2021.
When it was first developed, Shiba Inu didn't have a clear use-case other than being an alternative to Dogecoin. As of 2021, the development team are expanding its functionality. They are implementing a decentralised exchange where SHIB holders can easily swap their coins for other cryptocurrencies.
The Shiba Inu project is also implementing staking, a process where you can 'lock up' your SHIB coins in exchange for rewards (additional tokens).
People can buy Shiba Inu from most popular cryptocurrency exchanges, including Binance, Coinbase and Crypto.com.
Shiba Inu supply
Like Dogecoin, Shiba Inu has historically been extremely cheap — it has never been worth more than one hundredth of a cent (USD).
SHIB also has a huge supply, with 549,095 billion currently in circulation. About 40% of this figure doesn't actually exist though, having been burned in the past. Burning refers to when coins are moved out of circulation by developers or miners.
50% of Shiba Inu's total supply is locked on decentralised exchange UniSwap, with the other 50% having been gifted to Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin.
What is the difference between Shiba Inu and Dogecoin?
Dogecoin and Shiba Inu aren't the only two dog-related cryptocurrencies on the market. In fact, Elon Musk's constant lobbying for certain meme coins has spawned a huge run-off of new 'joke' projects, ranging from legitimate to completely ridiculous.
That said, the two big dogs in the meme coin world are Shiba Inu and Dogecoin. So, what are the differences between them?
Both coins are based on the intelligent, popular Japanese hunting dog Shiba Inu. They have minimal real-world functionality, although software developers are looking to change this by improving and building upon the current infrastructure.
Dogecoin has a much more storied history than Shiba Inu, and a much larger fanbase (although the gap is closing). For context, Dogecoin's subreddit has 2.2 million subscribers, compared to SHIBArmy's 385,000.
The two coins use different consensus mechanisms (coding algorithms) to execute transactions and create new coins. Though both started as Proof-of-Work (PoW) tokens like Bitcoin, Shiba Inu is based on Ethereum's network and is in the process of shifting to a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) model. Proof-of-Stake models are becoming increasingly popular due to the negative impact of cryptocurrency mining on the environment. Dogecoin is reportedly looking at moving to a Proof-of-Stake mechanism, however this has not been confirmed.
Unlike Shiba, Dogecoin has its own blockchain, with this technology largely being based on the Bitcoin alternative Litecoin.
Dogecoin has mostly been used as a tool for donating and tipping small amounts of money online. This was Shiba Inu's initial purpose too, but because the cryptocurrency is built on the Ethereum network, there is more scope for development. For example, SHIB managers are creating a decentralised exchange where the community can interact, swap coins and earn interest on their crypto.
Which meme coin is better?
Shiba Inu has been dubbed the 'Dogecoin killer', but when you consider that Dogecoin doesn't really do a whole lot more than look cute, it raises the question: Why did Dogecoin need to be killed in the first place?
Shiba Inu brings a few new ideas to the table, and the fact that it is based on the Ethereum network means it can integrate new technologies easier than Dogecoin can.
That said, Dogecoin has a larger community, more historical data and greater public exposure. The technology behind the coin is also backed by Elon Musk and is constantly being upgraded. Dogecoin is accepted by over 1000 different merchants, whereas Shiba can only be used at approximately 100.
Both coins still suffer from being highly speculative, which is often accompanied by extreme volatility. In a pinch, you could probably argue that Dogecoin is the slightly "safer" investment in terms of price fluctuation. The meme coin has consistently been valued at around the 20c USD mark for nearly 5 months. At the time of writing, the relevant market data for Shiba is only a few weeks old, so investors have little precedent to go off of.
Considering all of this, you can make a case for either coin being better. If you like the flexibility of being able to swap and stake your coins, SHIB might be the better choice. However, if you want a coin that sticks to its roots while having a solid foundation of technology, then Dogecoin may be an option to consider.
At the end of the day, asking which meme coin is better is a bit like asking which meme you prefer. Both coins are just that — memes — and those looking for a safe investment should probably search elsewhere.
But, if you do want to jump aboard the hype train, just remember: never invest more than you can afford to lose.
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