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The UK's healthcare budget was £139.3 billion last year
Our beloved NHS is somewhat of a national treasure, providing healthcare services to over 66 million Brits across the country. Here at Finder, we’ve given the National Health Service a check-up to see how it’s getting on. While many Brits may take their healthcare into their own hands with private healthcare, private dental care or life insurance, we’re all somewhat reliant on the NHS at some point in our lives.
The NHS at a glance
- The planned budget for the Department of Health and Social Care for 2019/2020 is £139.3 billion, £5.4 billion more than it was in 2018/2019.
- In 2019, the NHS employs more than 1.2 million people in the UK.
- The average staff member working full time earns a basic salary of £32,000.
- The overall inpatient satisfaction score fell by 1 point to 76.2 in 2018/2019.
- There were over 24,000 calls to 999 in August 2019.
How prepared for Coronavirus is the NHS?
Although there are a wide range of variables that need to be taken into account, such as each country’s lockdown precautions and the number of tests carried out, this graph does appear to show a broad correlation between medical resources available and fatality rate.
|Doctors (per 1000)||Nurses (per 1000)||Hospital Beds (per 100,000)||Mortality Rate rate (%)|
Coronavirus statistics (as of April 20th)
- The COVID-19 epidemic has a fatality rate of around 13.38% in the UK and 7% for reported cases globally.
- This is over 70 times higher than the death rate for the seasonal flu, which has a fatality rate of 0.1% on average.
- The fatality rate for Covid-19 goes up to as much as 15% for people over the age of 80 and those with pre-existing health risks, such as high blood pressure or respiratory issues.
- Almost 120,000 Brits have been diagnosed with the coronavirus, and close to 16,000 people have died.
- In total, over 165,000 people have died of covid-19 worldwide.
NHS budget and expenditure
Planned spending for the Department of Health and Social Care in England is £139.3 billion for 2019/2020 and £143.4 billion for 2020/2021. On the graph below you can see that each year the budget has increased. Between 2009/2010 and 2018/2019, the budget has grown by an average of 1.5% per year.
Check out the graph below for more information on the Department of Health and Social Care budget. 2019/2020 and 2020/2021 figures represent planned spending.
|Year||Health and Social Care Budget (£)|
The NHS employs over 1.2 million people in 2019, making it the biggest employer in the UK and one of the biggest in the world. The overall number of NHS staff has fluctuated over the last 10 years but has been steadily rising since a low in mid-2013. The 2019 employment figures show that staff numbers are the highest they’ve been in the last 10 years.
|Date||Total staff headcount|
How much does NHS staff earn on average?
Of those working full time for the NHS, the mean basic pay is just under £32,000. This does, however, vary depending on the role and the experience you have. The best-paid role at the NHS is as a hospital practitioner/clinical assistant, which pays on average £113,000 per year.
|Role||Basic salary (£)|
|Hospital Practitioner / Clinical Assistant||£113,765|
|Other and Local HCHS Doctor Grades||£83,442|
|Professionally qualified clinical staff||£39,348|
|Scientific, therapeutic & technical staff||£36,000|
|Nurses & health visitors||£32,385|
|All staf average||£31,866|
|Foundation Doctor Year 2||£31,097|
|NHS infrastructure support||£29,739|
|Foundation Doctor Year 1||£27,028|
|Support to ST&T staff||£20,762|
|Support to ambulance staff||£20,416|
|Support to clinical staff||£19,934|
|Support to doctors, nurses & midwives||£19,714|
|Hotel, property & estates||£19,143|
|Other staff or those with an unknown classification||£19,089|
A&E waiting times
There were 2.13 million attendances to A&E in August 2019. This is 6.4% more than there were in August 2018. The number of visits to A&E in the last 12 months was 3.9% higher than it was in the 12 months prior. While the vast majority of patients (86.3%) were seen in 4 hours or less, this is still far below the target rate of 95%, which was last met in July 2015. Over 260,000 patients waited longer than 4 hours, while 372 patients waited more than 12 hours to be seen.
Inpatient satisfaction survey
Across all the NHS trusts in the UK, an inpatient survey is conducted to assess the satisfaction of care. In 2018, this survey consisted of 76,000 respondents aged 16+ who had spent at least one night in hospital during July 2018 and were not admitted to maternity or psychiatric units.
The overall satisfaction score was 76.2. The element that achieved the highest score was building closer relationships (85), while safe, high quality, coordinated care received the lowest score (65.8). All five elements that the questionnaire measured decreased from 2017. To see how these scores compare to previous years, take a look at the table below.
|Access & waiting||83.8||84.5||82.9||83.5||82.3|
|Safe, high quality, coordinated care||65.5||66.3||66.1||66.8||65.8|
|Better information, more choice||68.9||69.3||68||68.6||67.3|
|Building closer relationships||84.6||85.4||85.5||85.8||85|
|Clean, comfortable, friendly place to be||80.1||81.1||81.1||81.4||80.8|
|Inpatient overall patient experience score||76.6||77.3||76.7||77.2||76.2|
The cost of an ambulance
There were over 24,000 calls to 999 in August 2019, 13,000 of which resulted in a patient being transported to an emergency department. In August 2019, the average response time to the most critical cases (known as C1) was 7 minutes and 5 seconds, just above the target time of 7 minutes. The next most severe incidents (C2) had an average response time of 21 minutes and 13 seconds in August 2019, longer than the 18-minute standard.
- There are 14 NHS ambulance bodies in the UK – 11 in England and 1 in each of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
- NHS ambulance trusts in England spent £92 million on private ambulances in 2018/2019, £2 million more than in the previous year.
- Air ambulances in England, Northern Ireland and Wales are all provided by charities.
- Scotland has one charity air ambulance to work alongside four NHS-funded air ambulances.
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