Bitcoin to US Dollar Exchange Rate
Refreshing in: 60s | Mon, 19 Feb 09:56am GMT
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Historical rate chart of USD and BTC
The growth, possibilities and forecast of bitcoin.
You may have heard success stories like the one about a man who bought $27 in bitcoin in 2009 and then found his purchase to be worth almost $900,000 a few years later.
But bitcoin’s value doesn’t always go up. Imagine if you bought a thousand bitcoins in late 2013 — when the cryptocurrency was worth more than $1,100 a pop — and then watched its value plummet below $200 in just over a year. Again in late 2017, bitcoin peaked at nearly $20,000 before losing more than half of the value in the weeks that followed.
It’s tough to predict exactly how much bitcoin will be worth in the future. But you may find success if you’re a savvy student of bitcoin’s price history. Let’s explore how bitcoin has grown over the years and where it might be headed.
How much will bitcoin be worth in the future?
At the end of 2017, one US dollar (USD) was valued by CoinMarketCap at about 0.000072 bitcoins (BTC). Inversely, 1 BTC was worth about $13,828.
It’s difficult to know what bitcoin will be worth even a week from now, much less further into the future. To have a shot at predicting the short-term price movements of bitcoin, it’s helpful to have deep knowledge of how the cryptocurrency is traded among institutional investors. And a finger on the pulse of world events.
To make a long-term bet on bitcoin, however, you’ll need to have important data to back you up. For example, many bitcoin proponents speculate that its limited supply will only increase the value of the cryptocurrency in the long run. You see, bitcoin is different from fiat currency in one important regard — governments control fiat currencies and there is no limit to how much they can print. On the other hand, only 21 million bitcoins will ever be created.
Market rate for common transfer amounts of USD to BTC
|Bitcoin (BTC)||US dollars (USD)|
Bitcoin is volatile
As was alluded to in the introduction, bitcoin’s price has fluctuated dramatically over the years. Cryptocurrencies in general are complex and speculative, meaning there is an extremely high degree of risk. It’s important to consider all the factors that could affect any purchase of bitcoin.
Here are a few things that affect the price of bitcoin:
- Government regulation. Bitcoin is a decentralized currency, but it’s still affected by government regulation. For example, when the Chinese government barred financial entities from processing bitcoin transactions in late 2013, the price of bitcoin dropped hundreds of dollars within a few days.
- The headlines. The price of bitcoin tends to move with major world news and important bitcoin-related events (like security breaches). However, many people speculate that news doesn’t necessarily affect the price one way or another; instead, it simply focuses attention on bitcoin and may increase trading volume.
- Investors at small funds. Investment firms and speculators have a significant effect on the price of bitcoin. Some experts estimate that of bitcoin’s $6.4 billion market, a majority is owned by individual investors at institutions like hedge funds.
Why is bitcoin’s currency code sometimes BTC and sometimes XBT?
Because bitcoin is a decentralized currency, the standards that dictate how to refer to it are still forming.
In its earliest days, bitcoin’s currency code was BTC. With its growing acceptance as a legitimate currency, though, the International Standards Organization (ISO) decided to designate bitcoin’s notation as XBT. Why the “X”? If a currency is not associated with a specific country or government, its three-letter note starts with an “X”.
However, XBT has yet to gain much adoption beyond the banking and finance industries. BTC seems to be what the everyday person and most enthusiasts prefer. As bitcoin’s legitimacy (and the general public’s interest in it) increases, you’ll continue to see references to both BTC and XBT until one eventually sticks as the standard.
A short history of bitcoin prices
The very first bitcoin transaction took place on January 12, 2009, from creator Satoshi Nakamoto to developer Hal Finney. On October 5, online publication New Liberty Standard pegged the bitcoin exchange rate at 1 USD = 1,309.03 BTC — a calculation based on the cost of electricity for a computer to create bitcoins.
July 2010 brought the founding of Mt. Gox, a bitcoin exchange that would eventually grow into the largest player in the market. We’ll start our bitcoin price history in 2011, using figures from CoinDesk’s price index.
2011: A false start for bitcoin
Early in the year, one bitcoin finally became worth as much as one US dollar. In just a few months, the price of bitcoin shot past the $10 mark.
But on June 19, Mt. Gox was hacked, causing customers to lose more than 4,000 BTC. Bitcoin’s value hovered around $30 for several days and began a slow descent to around $4 by the end of the year.
2012: Bitcoin rises steadily
Bitcoin experienced recovery in 2012. The cryptocurrency didn’t hit the same heights it did the previous year, but it climbed back into the double digits by the end of the year.
June saw the founding of Coinbase, which is one of the largest bitcoin platforms today. In November, the publishing tool WordPress began accepting bitcoin as payment.
2013: Bitcoin shoots into the stratosphere
In February, bitcoin surpassed its previous all-time high and then abandoned the $30 range as it continued growing in value.
At the same time, Mt. Gox was failing as bitcoin transactions overwhelmed its servers. Ross Ulbricht, the founder of dark web marketplace Silk Road (where bitcoin is used frequently), was arrested by the FBI on October 1. In the same month, bitcoin broke the $200 mark, and then it shot past $1,000 within a month.
Chinese investment in bitcoin pushed the price of the cryptocurrency even higher. But December also saw the largest theft of bitcoins ever: 96,000 BTC from Sheep Marketplace. What’s worse, China banned its financial institutions from processing bitcoin transactions.
2014: A rough year
Bitcoin’s price euphoria came to an abrupt end, and the cryptocurrency steadily lost value over a year. Mt. Gox finally shuttered its doors. However, Microsoft and PayPal-owned Braintree started accepting bitcoin as payment.
2015: Bitcoin holds steady
In late January, Coinbase launched its bitcoin trading platform. At the same time, Ross Ulbricht got life in prison and Mt. Gox’s CEO, Mark Karpeles, was arrested.
But the European Court of Justice ruled that bitcoin is currency, not property, and that the cryptocurrency would not be assessed a value-added tax in the European Union. Bitcoin’s price broke the $400 mark toward the end of the year.
2016: Back in form
The marketplace software OpenBazaar was released over the summer. It’s a peer-to-peer platform on which users can buy goods with bitcoin. Bitcoin’s price, in recovery mode at the beginning of the year, approached its former glory as it hovered around $1,000.
2017: A wild ride
Bitcoin rose slowly from less than $1,000 early in the year to $5,000 in October, $10,000 at the end of November, $15,000 a week later and nearly $20,000 by mid-December before tumbling back to less than $14,000 in the final days of the year.
Exchange rates from USD to other currencies
- Bahamian Dollar (BSD)
- Bahraini Dinar (BHD)
- Bangladeshi Taka (BDT)
- Barbadian Dollar (BBD)
- Belarusian Ruble (BYN)
- Belize Dollar (BZD)
- Bermudian Dollar (BMD)
- Bhutanese Ngultrum (BTN)
- Bitcoin (BTC)
- Bolivian Boliviano (BOB)
- Botswana Pula (BWP)
- Brazilian Real (BRL)
- Brunei Dollar (BND)
- Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
- Burundian Franc (BIF)
- Salvadoran Colon (SVC)
- Samoan Tala (WST)
- São Tomé and Príncipe Dobra (STD)
- Saudi Riyal (SAR)
- Serbian Dinar (RSD)
- Sierra Leonean Leone (SLL)
- Singapore Dollar (SGD)
- Solomon Islands Dollar (SBD)
- Somali Shilling (SOS)
- South African Rand (ZAR)
- Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
- Surinamese Dollar (SRD)
- Swazi Lilangeni (SZL)
- Swedish Krona (SEK)
- Swiss Franc (CHF)
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