Health statistics

How healthy is the UK?

Updated

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Health is a topic that is always in the news in the UK, whether it is about the current status of the NHS, how healthy the nation is or the latest medical breakthroughs. We gave the UK a health check by diving into the latest statistics on obesity, life expectancy, alcohol consumption and more. See all the statistics below, skip to a section using the quick links box or learn more about private health insurance.

General health of the UK

  • Life expectancy: 79.3 years for men and 82.9 years for women (2018).
  • Healthy life expectancy: The age up to which people can expect to live healthily is 63.1 for men and 63.6 for women (2018).
  • UK health spending: £152.9 billion was spent on health care by the government in 2018/19.
  • Alcohol: 57% of adults in the UK drink alcohol (aged 16+).
  • Obesity: 67% of UK adult males and 60% of UK adult females are overweight or obese in 2018.
  • Deaths: 541,500 deaths in the UK in 2018, 10,000 more than in 2017.
  • Smoking: 17.2% of UK adults (aged 15+) smoke daily.

Number of hospital beds

With the number of Coronavirus cases increasing fast, there has been a lot of speculation about hospital capacity in the UK. As of 2020, there is an average of 127,708 hospital beds available per night across Britain’s 1,257 hospitals. This means there is one hospital bed for every 430 Brits, which is 47% less beds compared to the year 2000.

Number of cases per country over time

Of the 10 countries that have the most cases of Coronavirus, South Korea has the highest rate of hospital beds, with 11.5 beds per 1,000 citizens. As more people get sick, the constraints put on health care systems increases, and countries like Iran and the UK are under pressure due to only having 1.5 and 2.4 hospital beds respectively per 1,000 citizens.

Even though the number of hospital beds aren’t that high, Brits do seem to have confidence that the NHS will be able to take care of the population in a scenario where the coronavirus outbreak results in higher need for care.

Coronavirus statistics (as of June 18)

  • The COVID-19 epidemic has a fatality rate of around 14.1% in the UK and 5.4% for reported cases globally.
  • This is over 50 times higher than the death rate for the seasonal flu, which has a fatality rate of 0.1% on average.
  • The fatality rate for Covid-19 goes up to as much as 15% for people over the age of 80 and those with pre-existing health risks, such as high blood pressure or respiratory issues.
  • Over 299,300 Brits have been diagnosed with the coronavirus, and over 42,100 people have died.
  • In total, over 451,800 people have died of covid-19 worldwide.

Coronavirus fatality rate by age

Age Death rate
20-29 0.03%
30-39 0.08%
40-49 0.15%
50-59 0.60%
60-69 2.20%
70-79 5.10%
80+ 9.30%

Population over 65 years per region

Since the elderly are the most likely to be severely affected by COVID-19, the health of those over 65 are at an increased risk. The map below outlines which English regions have the most at-risk populations, with the South-East leading the way.

Region Population over 65 years
South West 1,230,200
South East 1,761,765
East of England 1,218,475
West Midlands 1,089,236
East Midlands 927,031
Yorshire and the Humber 1,016,336
North West 1,354,625
North East 522,372
Wales 651,993
Scotland 1,026,114
London 1,059,213

Population per region

Region Aged 0 to 15 Aged 16 to 24 Aged 25 to 49 Aged 50 to 64 Aged 65+
East 1,200,983 606,654 1,979,269 1,195,833 1,218,475
East Midlands 893,824 540,945 1,502,305 940,044 927,031
London 1,834,795 933,076 3,659,254 1,421,743 1,059,213
North East 474,998 298,268 821,725 540,546 522,372
North West 1,394,951 794,224 2,339,740 1,408,553 1,354,625
Scotland 919,502 581,427 1,783,404 1,127,653 1,026,114
South East 1,755,267 950,440 2,897,660 1,768,493 1,761,765
South West 986,908 585,372 1,676,268 1,120,987 1,230,200
Wales 562,709 346,637 953,725 623,567 651,993
West Midlands 1,160,351 667,654 1,891,769 1,091,747 1,089,236
Yorkshire and the Humber 1,046,381 628,850 1,742,840 1,045,208 1,016,336

Life expectancy

In the UK females have a longer life expectancy than males at 82.9 years compared to 79.3 years respectively. Explore the table below to see how life expectancy has changed from 2013–2015 to 2016–18 and which regions have the highest life expectancy.

Across most regions in the UK, the average life expectancy has increased and nowhere has seen a bigger increase than London with the average life expectancy now 25 weeks longer than it was in 2013–2015. Whereas in Scotland, the average life expectancy has decreased by 2.9 weeks on average.

Life expectancy comparison for males and females in UK regions, 2013–2015 and 2016–2018 compared

Region Males Life Expectancy in 2016 to 2018 (years) Change since 2013 to 2015 (weeks) Females Life Expectancy in 2016 to 2018 (years) Change since 2013 to 2015 (weeks) Average change, males and females (weeks)
UK 79.3 7.4 82.9 4.6 6.0
England 79.6 8.8 83.2 5.4 7.1
North East 77.9 3 81.7 7.3 5.2
North West 78.3 9.9 81.9 4.7 7.3
Yorkshire and the Humber 78.7 5.5 82.4 4.3 4.9
East Midlands 79.4 7.9 82.9 -2.2 2.9
West Midlands 78.9 6.5 82.7 -0.4 3.1
East 80.3 -0.6 83.7 1 0.2
London 80.7 25.6 84.5 24.5 25.1
South East 80.7 9.9 84.1 7.1 8.5
South West 80.2 5.5 83.8 -1 2.3
Wales 78.3 -6 82.3 1.7 -2.2
Scotland 77.1 -3 81.1 -2.7 -2.9
Northern Ireland 78.7 18.9 82.4 4.2 11.6

Death statistics in the UK

Ultimately a factor of life, we look into the stats for deaths in the UK in the last year. There were over 541,500 deaths in the UK in 2018, an increase of 1.6% from 2017 and the highest annual number of deaths since 1999 (553,500).

541,589

deaths registered in the UK in 2018, up 1.6% from 2017.
The top causes of death in the UK were the following:
  1. Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease
  2. Ischaemic heart diseases
  3. Cerebrovascular diseases
  4. Chronic lower respiratory diseases
  5. Lung cancer

12.8%

of deaths in the UK were caused by Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Alcohol consumption

It’s no secret that the UK has a strong drinking culture, but just how much of a problem is it?

  • 337,000 alcohol-related hospital admissions in 2018. This is the same figure as in 2017.
  • Alcohol-specific deaths are higher among men reported at 55% more common than in females (since 2001).
  • 5,843 alcohol-specific deaths in 2017, 6% higher than in 2016.
  • 57% of the UK adult population drink alcohol, a total of 29.2 million people.

But how do these figures stack up against the rest of the world?

The UK ranks 17th for alcohol consumption across Europe, while Germany, France and Ireland all rank within the top 10. See the table below for the top 20 countries.

Rank Country Alcohol consumption, litres per capita aged 15+
1 Lithuania 12.3
2 Austria 11.8
3 France 11.7
4 Czech Republic 11.6
5 Luxembourg 11.3
6 Latvia 11.2
7 Hungary 11.1
8 Russia 11.1
9 Ireland 11
10 Germany 10.9
11 Portugal 10.7
12 Poland 10.6
13 Belgium 10.4
14 Estonia 10.3
15 Slovenia 10.1
16 Slovak Republic 9.7
17 United Kingdom 9.7
18 Australia 9.4
19 Switzerland 9.2
20 Denmark 9.1

Smoking in the UK compared to the rest of the world

We looked at the latest statistics to see how many adults (aged 15+) are smoking daily in the UK compared to other countries around the world. 17.2% of the adult population smokes daily, this ranks the UK at 15th in our sample. The country with the highest percentage of daily smokers is Indonesia, where 39.9% of adults smoke daily.

Country Percentage of population who smoke daily
Indonesia 39.9%
Russia 30.3%
Turkey 26.5%
China (People's Republic of) 24.7%
Chile 24.5%
Spain 22.1%
Italy 19.9%
Switzerland 19.1%
South Africa 19%
Germany 18.8%
Czech Republic 18.4%
Japan 17.7%
Korea 17.5%
Estonia 17.2%
United Kingdom 17.2%
Ireland 17%
Denmark 16.9%
Israel 16.9%
Netherlands 16.8%
Luxembourg 14.5%
Finland 14%
New Zealand 13.1%
Australia 12.4%
Canada 12%
Norway 12%
India 11.2%
United States 10.5%
Sweden 10.4%
Brazil 10.1%
Iceland 8.6%
Mexico 7.6%
Costa Rica 4.2%
*2018 or latest available data, for further details see OECD website

How bad are obesity figures in the UK?

26% of UK adults are obese according to recent government reports. The stats below explore just how bad obesity figures in the UK are.

  • 64% of UK adults are overweight or obese in 2017.
  • Overall, 67% of men and 62% of women are classified as overweight or obese.
  • 20% of children in Year 6 are classified as obese.
  • 711,000 admissions to hospital where obesity was reported as a factor, up 15% from 2016/17.
  • 10,660 hospital admissions directly related to obesity in 2017/18, only 100 less than in 2016.
  • 29% of adults are obese, up from 26% in 2016.

64%

of UK adults are overweight or obese.

Work-related accidents

See the details of work-related accidents in 2017.

  • 621,000 injuries occurred at work in 2017/18.
  • 28.2 million days lost to ill health and workplace injuries in 2018/19.
  • £5.2 billion estimated loss due to workplace injury or sickness in 2017/18.
  • 147 workers killed in 2017/18, 10 more than in 2016/17.

621,000

injuries occurred at the workplace in 2017/18, 12,000 more than in 2016/17.

Mental health

Major depression is thought to be the second leading cause of disability worldwide and a major contributor to suicide and ischaemic heart disease. Below are some more stats regarding mental health in the UK.

  • 1 in 6 people experienced a common mental health problem within the last week.
  • 1 in 5 women are reported to have mental health problems.
  • 1 in 8 men are reported to have mental health problems.
  • 6,507 suicides in the UK in 2018, almost 700 more than in 2017 (5,821).
  • Three quarters of these suicides in the UK were by men.

Cost of health insurance

Brits spent £6 billion on voluntary health insurance in 2017, around 3% of overall spending on health care in the UK. We looked into the CPI of health insurance to find out how much inflation is impacting the cost of health insurance in the UK. Using 2015 as a base year, we can see that health insurance costs 21% more in 2019 than it did in 2015 and 5% more than in 2018. Explore the table and graphic below to find out more.

Year Consumer price index (CPI) of health insurance (2015 base year)
2003 48.7
2004 51.1
2005 53.1
2006 56.8
2007 60.9
2008 64.7
2009 68.3
2010 74.8
2011 79.9
2012 86.1
2013 92
2014 96.8
2015 100
2016 107.3
2017 111.9
2018 116.4
2019 121.4

Click here for more research. For all media enquiries, please contact:

Matt Mckenna
UK communications manager
T: +44 20 8191 8806
matt.mckenna@finder.com@MichHutchison/in/matthewmckenna2

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