Brexit Currency fallout: Exchange Rate Tracker

Use our interactive currency exchange rate chart to track the impact that the latest and biggest Brexit events have had on the pound, following the EU Referendum Act 2015.

Jon Ostler

by , CEO

13 Dec 2017

On the 23 June 2016 the British people voted to leave the EU, ending Britain’s 43 year membership. Whilst the long-term impact of Brexit is still uncertain, what is clear is that the Brexit campaign and the outcome of the referendum have and are continuing to have a dramatic impact on the strength of the pound, leading it to fall by 19% post the referendum.

Use this page to find out how the value of the pound has changed since Brexit, what events might have caused these changes and to learn more on who are the winners and losers of the depreciated pound.

Our interactive chart below shows the correlation between key Brexit events and their impact on the pound.

Looking for an event in particular?

The table below lists the key Brexit dates included in our analysis. Use our search function to find the date of a particular event.

9 June 2015European Union Referendum Act 2015
19 February 2016EU referendum date announced
1 March 2016Government introduces European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill to Parliament
15 April 2016Referendum campaigning begins
23 June 2016Referendum polling day on EU membership
24 June 2016Referendum result is to leave the EU, David Cameron resigns as Prime Minister
13 July 2016Theresa May becomes new UK Prime Minister
3 October 2016Theresa May announces Great Repeal Bill and that she will trigger Article 50 in March
4 October 2016Legal challenge: is consent of the Northern Irish Assembly required to leave the EU?
13 October 2016Nicola Sturgeon announces that a second referendum on Scottish independence is likely by 2020
17 October 2016Legal challenge: can the Government trigger Article 50 without an Act of Parliament?
28 October 2016Belfast High Court rules Government does not need the consent of the Northern Irish Assembly
3 November 2016The English High Court rules Parliament must vote on whether Article 50 can be triggered
9 November 2016Donald Trump wins US Presidential Election
23 November 2016Autumn Statement. Philip Hammond, Chancellor of the Exchequer, outlines his financial plans
5 December 2016Constitutional referendum held in Italy. Question to whether Italy will leave the Eurozone
7 December 2016House of Commons vote to respect the outcome of the referendum
8 December 2016Legal appeal against the High Court ruling that Parliament must vote on Article 50
17 January 2017Government announces key objectives for the Brexit negotiations
24 January 2017Legal appeal rejected, an Act of Parliament is required before triggering Article 50
2 February 2017UK Government publishes White Paper on the UK’s exit from and new partnership with the European Union
13 February 2017Government publishes White Paper on the UK’s exit from the EU
29 March 2017Government triggers Article 50
18 April 2017Theresa May calls snap general election
29 April 2017EU27 leaders meet to agree on guidelines for future Brexit talks
22 May 2017General Affairs Council of the EU authorises the opening of Brexit negotiations
8 June 2017British general election. The Conservatives lose their parliamentary majority; Labour makes gains
9 June 2017Theresa May says she will form a government, supported by the Northern Irish DUP
19 June 2017Negotiations begin
21 June 2017The Queen’s speech: formal announcement of the British government’s legislative program
22 June 2017The European Council summit begins as a full EU28 meeting
13 July 2017Jeremy Corbyn meets with EU’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier
17 July 2017First full round of talks begin
27 July 2017Government commissions experts in the Migration Advisory Committee to advise on UK’s post-Brexit border policy
15 August 2017UK proposes a bespoke, temporary customs union with the EU
16 August 2017UK releases a position paper on its proposals for Northern Ireland
21 August 2017New UK position paper says existing safety and standards tests for consumer goods should still be valid in both markets after UK leaves
22 August 2017UK releases position paper on civil judicial cooperation
23 August 2017UK asks for a post-Brexit transitional legal arrangement between UK and EU
24 August 2017British officials publish a position paper on data protection
28 August 2017Next round of talks begins
6 September 2017UK presents list of research programs and health care regulations it wants to remain part of
7 September 2017European Commission releases Brexit position papers on a range of issues
12 September 2017The EU Bill passes its second reading in the House of Commons
13 September 2017European Commission president gives annual State of the EU speech, says Brexit is “not the future of Europe”
24 September 2017German parliamentary elections
1 October 2017Catalonian independence referendum | Conservative party conference
2 October 2017European parliament vote against allowing the bloc to continue to the next phase of Brexit talks.
2 November 2017The Bank Of England raise the UK interest rate for the first time in 10 years, increasing it by 0.25%.
12 November 2017Reports that 40 Conservative MP’s are ready to sign a vote of no confidence in Theresa May. The news follows a leaked letter to May from Boris Johnson and Michael Gove, which appears to show the two giving the PM instructions on Brexit.
22 November 2017Chancellor of the Exchequer Phillip Hammond has promised to set aside an extra £3bn for Brexit negotiations over the next two years, on top of the £700 million already spent.
23 November 2017The European Commission has cancelled the UK’s right to host the European Capital of Culture following the Brexit vote. Additionally, leaked report based on meetings between Irish diplomats and senior European government officials has revealed a lack of confidence from European officials in Tory party negotiations.
29 November 2017Reports that the UK has accepted its obligations to the EU and promised to fully honour its commitments to the current 2014-2020 EU budget period. Its now believed the UK will be pay an initial fee of around 50bn euros with this potentially rising to 100bn euros, although no official agreement has been made.
8 December 2017The UK’s so-called ‘divorce bill’ has been agreed. According to the BBC the financial settlement will cost the UK between £35bn and £39bn. The deal also guarantees no hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic, as well as the protection of EU citizens rights to live, work and study in the UK, and vice versa.
13 December 2017MPs have voted to allow Parliament to vote on the final Brexit deal with the European Union, defeating the government by 4 votes. The vote saw 11 Tory MPs rebel against their parties stance.
15 December 2017The EU’s 27 leaders have agreed to allow Brexit talks to move to the second phase of negotiations. The details of the transition period after the Uk’s departure will begin at the end of January, followed by talks on trade and security in March.
4 January 2018UK farmers will receive the same level of subsidies (£3bn per year) they’re currently rewarded by the EU until 2024. The extended period will give farmers greater time to prepare for the post-Brexit scheme which will reward environmental programmes such as planting wildflower meadows, and replace the current initiative that rewards land ownership.
15 January 2018A paper produced by the Scottish government which assess three potential outcomes for the Scottish economy from Brexit has reported that a hard Brexit could leave the Scottish economy £12.7bn a year worse off.
16 January 2018Donald Tusk, the President of the European Council has told MEPs that ‘our hearts are still open for you’ (the UK). A statement that suggests the UK would still be welcome to reverse its decision to leave the EU.
25 January 2018A report from the National Audit Office (NAO) has warned that the Department for International trade is behind schedule and is not fit to secure the necessary post-Brexit trade deals because of a skill shortage.
29 January 2018The European Union has set out it’s guidelines for the Brexit transition period. Demands have made clear that all EU rules and regulations should continue throughout the period including free movement into the UK.
1 February 2018Theresa May has suggested that those who move to the UK during the post-Brexit transition period will not be given the same rights as those who arrived before, despite the EU’s opposing demands. Migrants may face rules such as legal requirements to register when arriving in the UK and mandatory work permits.
7 February 2018A document produced by the HM Treasury forecasting the 15 year impact of the UK staying in the single market, securing a trade deal or leaving without a trade deal. It has predicted that in each scenario growth would be reduced by 2%, 5% and 8% respectively, than under the current forecast.

What Brexit events have had the biggest impact on the pound?

Brexit has caused significant changes to the pound sterling, not only from key events but from speculation within financial markets. However, these events in particular have had a major impact on the pound.

  • Referendum result. Following the vote to leave the EU, the pound fell sharply. In the weeks following the referendum the pound fell by 10.4% against the Euro from €1.3017 on 23 June to €1.1663 on 6 July 2016.
  • Article 50 Legal challenge. In October 2016 negotiations took place to determine whether Theresa May could trigger Article 50 without parliamentary approval. It was during this legal battle that the pound fell by 4.6% from €1.1579 on 30 September 2016 to €1.1044 on 11 October 2016. The High Court ruled that the government must have parliamentary approval i.e. a law would need to be passed through the House of Commons and the House of Lords in order to authorise Article 50.
  • Single market speculation. The pound fell once again on the 16 January 2017 due to speculation surrounding Theresa May’s hardline approach to Brexit and the expectation that she would announce that Britain will be leaving the EU single market. The pound fell by 3.45% following these reports from €1.1767 Euros on 3 January 2017 to €1.1361 on 16 January 2017.
  • Article 50 triggered. Theresa May triggered Article 50 on 29 March 2017. This kick-started the formal process of Britain’s exit from the EU, and saw the pound drop by 0.65% from €1.1612 on 23 March 2017 to €1.1537 on 29 March 2017.
  • General election results. The sterling suffered its highest fall of 2017 following the surprise election result as Theresa May lost her majority government, sparking more political uncertainty in Britain. The pound fell to a seven-month low of €1.1287.

What key Brexit events could affect the pound in the future?

The value of the pound is set to continue to rise and fall as Brexit negotiations proceed forward throughout 2018, 2019 and beyond. All events that lead to increased uncertainty, changes to investor confidence and financial speculation will have some impact on the value of the pound. For example any statements made by EU or British officials on the speed and success of progress are likely to cause fluctuations in the currency.

Major forthcoming Brexit events with the potential to have an impact on pound include:

  • Negotiations. As the results of each stage of the negotiations are revealed and the future of Britain’s political relationship with Europe is shaped, the pounds value will fluctuate.
  • The financial settlement. As part of the the deal to leave the EU the UK must pay a divorce bill to help pay off its existing liabilities within the EU and cover the transaction costs of leaving. This figure should be decided well in advance of the leaving date, with Jean-Claude Juncker the President of the European Commission insistent that this figure will be agreed before other negotiations proceed.
  • Deadline day. Mr Barnier the European Chief Negotiator for Brexit has stated that he wants all talks to be completed by October 2018 to allow ratification of the agreement. This leaves the UK less than 18 months to complete their negotiations.
  • Exit Day. EU treaties will cease to apply to the UK, two years after Article 50 was originally triggered, in March 2019 (unless all 28 EU members agree to extend it).
  • Transition period. Formal negotiations on the transition period are due to start at the end of January 2018. Currently the EU hold that the transition should happen under existing rules and regulations, ending on the 31 December 2020. However, UK businesses have argued this will not leave them enough time to prepare for a post-Brexit economy, whilst Brexit supporters suggest the period is too extensive and will force the UK to follow EU rules without having any say on them.
  • No deal. With the progress of negotiations very slow, there are still questions as to whether an agreement will ever be made. Unravelling 43 years of treaties and agreements that cover thousands of subjects was never going to be a simple task.
  • Article 49. The European Commission has said that the UK can choose to reapply to join the EU using Article 49. A decision that would have a huge impact on the pound.

Who benefits from a weaker pound?

The changing value of the pound will create winners and losers. So far since the decision to have a referendum on the EU the pound has seen a general depreciation, although its value has fluctuated significantly. The falling value of the pound essentially makes buying goods/services from abroad more expensive, but also means UK goods/services are now cheaper to those abroad – as a result of this certain groups will benefit from the pounds depreciation and others lose out.


While the falling value of the pound is generally perceived to be a negative consequence of Brexit, it does provide benefits to certain groups.


The depreciation of the pound which makes UK goods/services relatively cheaper on the international market is likely to increase foreign demand for UK products. This will create huge opportunities for exporting businesses to capitalise on. Businesses that are net exporters are likely to be the biggest winners from the depreciation of the pound.

Online businesses

Many online businesses have managed to capitalise on the weakening pound by adapting their websites to allow customers to browse in their own language, and pay in their own currency. PayPal has confirmed that in the second half of 2016 it saw a 34% increase in overseas sales for small and medium-sized UK businesses.

UK tourism sector

As the pound has depreciated against the Euro and the US Dollar the UK has become a more desirable destination for foreign holiday makers whose money can now afford them more on UK shores. As a result the UK has seen a rise in tourism both from within the EU and other countries such as China. Domestic tourism has also risen as as going abroad has become relatively more expensive than visiting a location in the UK.



The UK is a net importer of goods and services. As the value of these imports are made dearer by a falling pound, the UK’s balance of payments will become worse off. All businesses that rely on foreign imports will suffer from the falling price of the pound.

Holiday goers

The UK is a net importer of goods and services. As the value of these imports are made dearer by a falling pound, the UK’s balance of payments will become worse off. All businesses that rely on foreign imports will suffer from the falling price of the pound.

Planning to travel?

If you’re off on a business trip or planning a holiday abroad this year, then there are a few things you can do to help make up for the falling value of the pound.

Prepare: Some travel money providers require you to pass an identification process before you are able to exchange any funds and this authorisation process can take a number of days to complete. So in order to be able to exchange your travel money quickly when the exchange rate is strengthening in your favour, you can prepare by registering with a provider today.

Prepaid travel cards. Prepaid travel cards allow you to pre-load your money and lock in the exchange rate, rather than using the live rate as debit and credit cards will. Take a look at the strength of the pound – If it is looking favourable or predicted to be worse when you’re away, pre-load your cash and lock the exchange rate to give yourself more bang for your buck.

For anymore help on getting your travel money options right, check out our travel money comparison page or search our site for one of our country specific travel money guides.

Sending money overseas?

If you or your business needs to send money overseas there are a few methods you can use in order to protect your money against currency shifts. Many international money transfer providers offer a variety of services which can allow you to transfer your funds when the currency is at your advantage, these include:

Spot contracts. These are ideal for one-off, fast, overseas payments, and allow you to agree an exchange rate with your provider based on the market rate.

Forward contracts. If you like the look of the exchange rate available at the moment but you don’t need to send your money just yet, a forward contract allows you to lock in today’s rate for a transfer at a later date.

Limit orders. A limit order allows you to send currency overseas at a guaranteed exchange rate. If you have a target exchange rate in mind for your transfer, you can set a limit order to automatically purchase the currency should this level become available.

Regular transfers. If you need to make regular overseas payments, some money transfer providers allow you to set up an automatic recurring payment plan to save you time and hassle. Whilst some variation in the exchange rate may occur, this option would provide you with an average exchange rate over time.

Back to top

Ask an Expert

You are about to post a question on

  • Do not enter personal information (eg. surname, phone number, bank details) as your question will be made public
  • is a financial comparison and information service, not a bank or product provider
  • We cannot provide you with personal advice or recommendations
  • Your answer might already be waiting – check previous questions below to see if yours has already been asked

Finder only provides general advice and factual information, so consider your own circumstances, read the PDS or seek advice before you decide to act on our content. By submitting a question, you're accepting our Terms and Conditions and our Privacy Policy.