Guide to car insurance coverage

Understand what you're covered for so you can build your perfect policy.

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No one ever plans to be in an accident, but there are around 16 million auto accidents in the United States every year. Understand your coverage options so you can build the policy that’s right for you.

What’s included with basic coverage?

Minimum coverage auto insurance is required in almost every state except Virginia and New Hampshire. Minimum coverage is determined by the state and varies from state to state. Auto Insurance typically covers medical fees, vehicle repair damages, body damage, legal fees and property damages.

Bodily injury liability

Covers injuries to another person in an at-fault accident, including medical care, legal help and funeral costs.

Property damage liability

Covers damages to someone else’s property in an at-fault accident, including repairs to vehicle, buildings or fences.

Personal injury insurance

Covers healthcare after an accident regardless of fault, including ambulances, nursing care and lost income.

Uninsured or underinsured motorist coverage

Covers damage caused by another driver if they don’t have insurance or if their insurance isn’t enough to cover the costs.

Optional car insurance coverage to consider

Unlike liability, personal injury protection and uninsured motorist coverage — which are required in most states — the following coverage types are optional. These optional coverage features offer extra protection against other mishaps that might happen to you or your car.


If you’re at fault in an accident, your collision insurance kicks in and pays for damage to your car.


Ensures that you’re covered for the expense of replacing or repairing your vehicle, regardless of fault, and damages that aren’t within your control.

Gap insurance

This creates a gap between how much money you receive from your insurer and what you still owe to your bank.


Protects you beyond the coverage offered by your basic insurance.

Roadside assistance

If you break down on the side of the road, you’ll have help when you need it.

New car replacement

You’ll get a newer version of your current car if your new vehicle is stolen or declared a total loss.

Medical payments

Helps you with your medical costs resulting from a car accident — no matter who’s at fault.

Pet injuries

If your pet is injured while riding in the car, this can help cover the costs.

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Name Product Roadside assistance New car protection Accident forgiveness Safe driver discount Available states
All 50 states
Choose from a long list of discounts and coverage for almost any driver.
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All states except AK, HI, LA, MI, RI
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Pay-as-you-go rates based on how much and how well you drive start at $29/month plus pennies per mile.
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What coverage do I need?

When you’re shopping around for the lowest price car insurance, you’ll see several options with big price differences. When comparing whether to add certain kinds of coverage, consider both the minimum state requirement and if the optional coverage is worth it.

The cheapest car insurance isn’t always the right one for your needs, even if saving money is your number one priority. Consider how you’d pay for your car if it was stolen or totaled in an accident. Could you afford a new car without insurance?

Liability claims, for example, could total much more than the bare minimum if you crash into someone’s garage or a car full of passengers. If you’re looking for the cheapest coverage, play around with maximum coverage and monthly payments. An extra $5 a month could cover you for hundreds of thousands in extra coverage. But for an older car that’s worth less than your annual premium, consider cutting comprehensive and umbrella coverage.

How much car insurance do I need?

Answer four quick questions and compare the right car insurance coverage for you.

Question 1 of 2

Compare how much car insurance you need

Cheapest ratesGood coverageHighest coverage
Bodily injury$25/50$100/300$300/500
Property damage$25,000$100,000$300,000
Personal injury$10,000$100,000$300,000
Uninsured motorist$50,000$100,000$300,000
Gap coverage$50,000$50,000$50,000
Medical payments$0$1,000$5,000

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How much does each type of coverage cost?

CoverageAnnual costCoverage detailsRequiredWorth it?
Collision$300Damage to your carNoYes
Comprehensive$135Non-accident damage like theft & weatherNoOnly for newer cars or high risk areas
Property damage liability$1,000 – $2,000At fault damage to propertyYesYes
Personal injury protection$50 – 100Your post-accident injuries regardless of faultYes in 15 statesYes
Bodily injury liability$1,000 – $2,000At fault post-accident injuries to othersYesYes
Uninsured motorist5% of annual premiumDamages caused by uninsured driverYes in 22 statesYes
Umbrella$150 – $300Damages above and beyond other coverageNoOnly for high value assets
Medical payments$50 – 100Post-accident injuries for you & passengersNoOnly as health insurance supplement
Gap insurance$20 – $30Damages if car is stolen or totaledNoOnly for loans over car value

How much extra car insurance coverage can I afford?

You can afford the most coverage by getting exactly what you need — and nothing more. While it can be beneficial to spend a little extra on your annual premiums, you don’t always need the most expensive policy.

  • Have high-deductible health insurance? Pay about $50 a year to add on $1,000 of medical payments coverage. Once your car insurance has paid the deductible, your health insurance can cover the rest.
  • Have a new car? Add GAP insurance for $20 a year so you don’t end up paying two car loans if yours is totaled in an accident and needs to be replaced. When your car is paid off, take it off your policy.
  • Have an old car? Collision insurance may have been a great idea when your baby was new, but it might be time to re-evaluate. If your deductible costs almost as much as your car, you can ditch this add-on.
  • Don’t have a hefty savings account? Uninsured motorist coverage could be worth the extra money. Without it, if you’re injured in an accident where you’re not at fault, you’ll have to take the other driver to court to get the money. And you’ll have to pay for any bills yourself until you have a settlement, even if you’re unable to work.
  • Drive a lot of dirt roads? If you’re at high risk for a cracked or chipped windshield, full glass coverage can replace it with no deductible. To save even more, look for an insurer that offers deductible-free windshield repairs on its comprehensive policies.

What do coverage amounts mean?

Each state has minimum requirements for the amount of basic coverage you’re required to purchase. For example, the minimum liability coverage for New York state is $25,000 for bodily injury to one person, $50,000 for bodily injury to all persons and $10,000 for property damage in any one accident. Make sure you’re meeting your state’s minimum requirements.

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How to know when you’re covered

Third party fire and theft
Third party property only
Damage to other people’s property
  • Yes
  • Yes
  • Yes
Hitting a car
  • Yes
  • Maybe
  • Maybe
Hitting a pole
  • Yes
  • No
  • No
  • Yes
  • No
  • No
Hit and runs
  • Yes
  • No
  • No
Hitting an animal
  • Yes
  • No
  • No
Windscreen repair
  • Optional
  • No
  • No
Storm or flood
  • Yes
  • No
  • No
  • Yes
  • Yes
  • No
  • Yes
  • Yes
  • No
Emergency accommodation, transport and repairs
  • Yes
  • Yes
  • No
Towing costs
  • Yes
  • Yes
  • No
Hire car
  • Yes
  • Yes
  • No
Replacement of keys
  • Yes
  • No
  • No
Contents inside the car
  • Yes
  • No
  • No
New car replacement
  • Yes
  • No
  • No
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What you won’t be covered for

While exclusions may vary between providers, you generally won’t be covered for:

  • Damage caused by mechanical failure, depreciation, rust, wear and tear or changes made to the vehicle
  • Loss of income from being unable to drive
  • Damage incurred due to participation in a race or your vehicle generally not being safe
  • Damage that was caused intentionally
  • Any damage incurred if the person driving didn’t have a license, was drunk or on drugs
  • Drivers not listed on your policy

Bottom line

Effectively comparing car insurance quotes requires understanding the ins and outs of each type of coverage to decide if you need it and what’s covered. Compare car insurance companies and get multiple quotes to find the right policy and coverage for you.

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