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How a student loan ombudsman can help resolve issues with your servicer

Settle a dispute through a third-party mediator.

Student loan servicers sometimes make mistakes when it comes to handling repayments. If you’ve tried to resolve the dispute with customer service without success, your next step might be to take it to a student loan ombudsman.

What’s a student loan ombudsman?

A student loan ombudsman is an official acting as a neutral third party that investigates complaints against student loan providers and servicers. They are not an advocate for you, but can clarify misunderstandings or work with your loan company to resolve a mistake.

Types of student loan ombudsmen

There are three types of student loan ombudsmen you can contact. Each handles different types of complaints.

OmbudsmanTypes of financial aidResolves complaints against …
Federal Student Aid (FSA) Ombudsman GroupFederal student loans and grants
  • The Department of Education (DoE)
  • Schools
  • Lenders
  • Loan guarantee agencies
  • Student loan servicers
  • Collection agencies
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) Private Student Loan OmbudsmanPrivate student loans
  • Student loan servicers
Your student loan servicer’s ombudsmanFederal and private loans
  • Student loan servicers

Many student loan servicers — though not all — have their own ombudsman or office of consumer advocacy to handle complaints. Like the FSA and CFPB ombudsmen, these are also mediating third parties tasked with getting to the bottom of disputes. You can usually find contact details on your servicer’s website.

What issues can an ombudsman resolve?

A student loan ombudsman can resolve issues or clarify terms involving:

  • Incorrect loan balances
  • Incorrectly processed payments
  • Incorrect marks on your credit report
  • Customer service complaints
  • Loan disbursal
  • Deferment
  • Forbearance
  • Cancellation, discharge or forgiveness
  • Changes to your repayment plan
  • Consolidation
  • Default status
  • Bankruptcy
  • Tax refund offsets
  • Wage garnishment
  • Collection charges

    The FSA Ombudsman Group can also review the process of converting a TEACH Grant into a loan and give you an overview of your loan repayment options.

    What issues is an ombudsman unable to resolve?

    An ombudsman can’t make any changes to a legally binding decision — even if you didn’t understand the terms of your contract when you signed it. But they can clarify how different aspects of your loan like repayments, interest and forbearance work.

    They are also not your advocate. They won’t testify on your behalf if you end up in court, and they won’t take sides in the dispute.

    When should I contact a student loan ombudsman?

    A student loan ombudsman is meant to be used as a last resort. You should only contact an ombudsman after you’ve reached out to your lender, servicer or collection agency to resolve the dispute yourself.

    Before reaching out to an ombudsman, have a clear idea of the problem and your desired outcome so you can clearly present your case.

    How to submit a request to a student loan ombudsman

    It depends on the type of ombudsman you’re interested in filing a complaint with — they each have different procedures for getting in touch.

    What information do I need to provide?

    Before you get started, you might want to have the following information on hand:

    • Date of birth
    • Social Security number
    • Name of your school
    • Name of the company you’re in a dispute with
    • Type of loan you’re having an issue with
    • Details on previous attempts to resolve the issue
    • Names and titles of employees you spoke with
    • Documents supporting your claim — promissory notes, loan statements, bills, bank statements or any written correspondence

    FSA Ombudsman Group

    The FSA Ombudsman Group requires you to complete a checklist with the information listed above before requesting assistance. You can download a PDF of the FSA Ombudsman information checklist on the FSA website.

    After completing the checklist, you have three options to get in touch:

    1. Submit an online form. The fastest way to submit a complaint against a student loan company is through the FSA website. It can process your request faster if you log in with your FSA ID, though it’s not required.
    2. Call the FSA Ombudsman Group. You can reach the FSA Ombudsman Group by calling 877-557-2575.
    3. Send a complaint by mail. Send written complaints and copies of supporting documents to the following address: US Department of Education, FSA Ombudsman Group, PO Box 1843, Monticello, KY 42633.

    CFPB Private Student Loan Ombudsman

    Private student loan holders can file a complaint with the CFPB Private Student Loan Ombudsman through the CFPB website.

    You’ll need to provide details about the dispute, explain how you’ve already attempted to resolve the issue and upload any supporting documents.

    Your student loan servicer’s ombudsman

    Each servicer has its own procedure for submitting a complaint with the company’s ombudsman or consumer advocate office. Often you’ll need to reach out by phone, mail or email to learn what type of information you should provide and how to submit documents.

    Not sure who your student loan servicer is? Here’s how to find out

    What happens after I submit a request?

    After you submit a request, the student loan ombudsman typically reaches out to the servicer, agency or company you’re filing the complaint against to get a response and verify the information you’ve submitted.

    If the company acted legally, the ombudsman might get back to you with a clarification of the terms of your loan or an explanation of why the company was within its rights to act the way it did. Otherwise, the ombudsman will work with both sides to brainstorm solutions to the issue so each party is satisfied.

    Compare student loan refinancing offers

    Refinancing your student loans could change up your servicer. Before refinancing, be sure to consider if the new loan makes sense for your budget and check which servicer your new loan will be serviced by.

    Name Product APR Min. Credit Score Loan amount Loan Term
    Purefy Student Loan Refinancing (Variable Rate)
    1.88% to 5.54%
    $5,000 - $300,000
    5 to 20 years
    Refinance all types of student loans — including federal and parent PLUS loans.
    Credible Student Loan Refinancing
    1.80% to 7.74%
    Good to excellent credit
    Starting at $5,000
    5 to 20 years
    Get prequalified offers from top student loan refinancing providers in one place.
    SoFi Student Loan Refinancing Variable Rate (with Autopay)
    2.25% to 6.59%
    Starting at $5,000
    5 to 20 years
    A leader in student loan refinancing, SoFi can help you refinance your loans and pay them off sooner.
    Splash Financial Student Loan Refinancing
    1.88% to 6.15%
    Starting at $7,500
    5 to 25 years
    Save on your student loans with this market-leading newcomer.
    Education Loan Finance Student Loan Refinancing
    2.39% to 6.01%
    Starting at $15,000
    5 to 20 years
    Lower your student debt costs with manageable payments, affordable rates and flexible terms.
    Earnest Student Loan Refinancing
    1.88% to 5.64% APR with autopay
    $5,000 - $500,000
    5 to 20 years
    Get a tailored interest rate and repayment plan with no hidden fees.
    Supermoney student loan refinancing
    Starting at 1.9%
    No minimum credit score
    $5,000 - $300,000
    5 to 20 years
    Compare options to combine both private and federal debts into one monthly payment.

    Compare up to 4 providers

    Bottom line

    A student loan ombudsman can be a great resource when you aren’t able to resolve an issue on your own. However, they shouldn’t be your first stop if you’re having trouble with your student loans. Contact your servicer first before starting a formal complaint process — you might be able to reach a solution yourself.

    Learn more about how student loan servicers work by checking out our guide.

    Frequently asked questions

    Can someone else contact the ombudsman on my behalf?

    It depends on the ombudsman. The FSA ombudsman allows you to have someone else complete your complaint form as long as they acknowledge that they’re completing it for a third party. Otherwise, you might want to reach out first to find out if you’re allowed to file a complaint through another person.

    Can an ombudsman settle a student loan?

    No. While an ombudsman can settle a dispute, they can’t negotiate with your lender to lower your student loan balance. If you’re interested in reducing your debt load, look into student loan forgiveness programs or ways to get your student loans discharged.

    How do I complain to Navient?

    You can start by reaching out to Navient’s customer service team. If you have trouble resolving the issue, you might want to consider filing a complaint with the FSA or CFPB ombudsman.

    What if I’m still having issues with my student loans after contacting an ombudsman?

    If you’ve tried reaching out to the different ombudsman and you’re still having issues with your student loans, you might want to consult with a student loan attorney. They can explain your legal options and give you advice on how to proceed.

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