Vanguard offers an assortment of investment products and account types, including brokerage, retirement and 529 college savings accounts. You can trade the following securities:
- Stocks and ETFs
- Mutual funds
- CDs and bonds
With over 1,800 in-house exchange-traded fund (ETF) and mutual fund options — and no fees for online trading — Vanguard appeals to anyone looking to buy and hold investments. A Vanguard Brokerage account is recommended for:
- Investors with high account balances. Because of Vanguard’s tiered approach to customer benefits, customers with high account balances receive more personalized help and lower account fees.
- Long-term investors. Vanguard’s customer-owned model gives them a significantly lower expense ratio than the industry average. That means more of the money you earn stays in your account, earning you more for your long-term investments.
Fees and costs
Vanguard’s trading and account fees are fairly competitive. It doesn’t charge commissions on stocks and offers a sweeping selection of fee-free ETFs and mutual funds.
Most trades made through Vanguard’s online trading platform are free, but a $25 to $50 fee applies to any trades made over the phone with the help of a Vanguard broker — a common practice for platforms with brokers available by phone. For investors with account balances of $50,000 and up, discounted phone trades are available.
|Stocks and ETFs||$0|
|Options||0% commission + $1 per contract|
- Vanguard mutual funds $0
- No-transaction fee (NTF) mutual funds from other companies $0
- Transaction-fee (TF) mutual funds $20 per trade
|CDs and bonds|
- CDs, US government agency securities, US Treasury securities, corporate bonds $0
- Mortgage-backed securities $35 per trade
Vanguard also charges a $20 annual account fee but offers a number of conditions for waiving the fee:
- Investors with at least $10,000 in Vanguard ETFs mutual funds
- Investors with at least $50,000 in qualifying Vanguard assets
- Investors who opt into e-delivery of account statements
- Investors with an organization or a trust account registered under an employee identification number (EIN)
Vanguard mutual fund investment minimums
Vanguard offers three classes of mutual fund shares, each with its own minimum investment requirements. The three tiers are:
- Investor Shares. Most require a $3,000 opening investment, while some start at $1,000.
- Admiral Shares. Admiral Shares have a $3,000 minimum investment for most index funds, $50,000 for actively managed funds and $100,000 for a selection of sector-specific index funds.
- Institutional Shares. Most institutional shares require a minimum investment of $5 million.
Follow these steps to become a part of this investor-owned company:
- From the Trading Online page of Vanguard’s website, choose Open or transfer accounts.
- Select Let’s open my account or Begin my transfer or rollover.
- If you chose to open a new account, select how you will fund the account and choose Continue.
- If you have an existing account, use your credentials to log in. If not, select No and then Continue.
- Note the required information and process information and choose Continue.
- Select why you’re investing and the account type you want to open, then choose Continue.
- Select your Primary— or Secondary — Investment objective, then select your Source of funds. Choose Continue.
- Enter your personal information, including your employment status and income, and choose Continue.
- When you have funded the account, review your information and e-sign to open your account.
To qualify for a Vanguard account, you’ll need:
- To be at least 18 years old
- Valid Social Security number
- Valid US residential address
You’ll need to have the following details handy during the application process:
- First and last name
- Social Security number
- Address, phone number and email
- Employer information
- Investment goals
- Investment and financial information
Vanguard’s research options — specifically its charting tools — may not be comprehensive enough to cater to active traders:
- Stock screener. Filter stocks, ETFs and mutual funds by a variety of metrics to narrow down your investment options.
- Asset allocation. Fill out Vanguard’s asset allocation questionnaire to help you diversify your portfolio and optimize your risk tolerance.
- Charting tools. Perform your own technical analysis with limited drawing tools and 15 technical indicators.
- Analyst ratings. Compare analyst opinions from Argus and Market Garder.
- Market news. Stay on top of market trends with news from the Associated Press and MT Newswires.
Vanguard’s company model created a lot of unique advantages for its investors:
- Investor-owned company. After investing in a mutual fund or ETF, you own part of the company.
- Low expense ratio. A low average expense ratio at 0.10% means lower overhead, and you get to keep more of your earnings.
- Wide variety of investment options. Whether you’re investing for retirement, saving for education, or investing to grow your wealth, Vanguard has options for you and advisers to help you build your plan.
Vanguard’s tiered benefits
The more you invest, the more it has to offer.
For account balances up to $50,000:
- No commissions. Buy and sell Vanguard ETFs and mutual funds, and your trades are commission-free.
- Low stock trade fees. Pay only $0 per trade for the first 25 trades a year.
- Investor education and tools. Vanguard provides an investment knowledge base, as well as calculators and tools to help you create an investment plan.
For account balances from $50,000 to $500,000:
- Personal adviser services. A personal adviser creates a custom investment plan for you, reviews your portfolio quarterly, and is available by phone, email or video chat to answer any questions. Advisers charge an annual service fee rather than a commission — $3 for every $1,000 invested.
- Reduced commissions. Pay lower commissions and transaction fees on all stock and non-Vanguard EFT trades.
- Canceled service fees. No account service fees on most account types.
For account balances from $500,000 to $1 million:
- Certified Financial Planner. Your personal adviser becomes a CFP to advise and manage your portfolio.
- Investment team. At this level, you have access to a full team of investment professionals to advise, answer questions and make transactions for you.
- Greater discounts. Make non-Vanguard ETF and stock purchases for $2 per trade.
For account balances from $1 million to $5 million:
- Personalized resources. Access to specialists in everything from estate planning to philanthropy, depending on your investment goals.
- Deeper discounts. More reduced commissions and 25 more commission-free trades in your brokerage account.
Because the benefits are tiered, expect to pay more in fees and costs if you have a lower account balance.
- Trading technology limits. Vanguard doesn’t offer streaming quotes, which limits day trading and makes complex options strategies impossible.
- Basic mobile app. While most people find the app more intuitive than the website, the lack of features like live-chat customer support makes it too simplistic to use as a trading tool.
- High minimum investment. There’s technically no minimum account balance, but mutual funds require a minimum investment of $1,000, and most require a $3,000 investment.
Yes. Vanguard was founded in 1975 and has become one of the world’s largest investment firms, with over $6.2 trillion in global assets under management.
Your accounts are protected by Securities Investor Protection Corporation (SIPC) for up to $500,000, which includes $250,000 for claims for cash. Vanguard Brokerage Services is also a registered broker with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA).
Vanguard reviews and complaints
As of April 2021, the Vanguard Group has an A+ rating with the Better Business Bureau (BBB) but is not accredited. The company has a 3.9 out of 5-star rating at Consumer Affairs, with 274 reviews in the last year.
A majority of the negative reviews complain that the company is slow to respond to account changes and transfer requests. The positive reviews point to the excellent, pressure-free advice they get from company experts and advisers and how well the customer’s portfolios have grown.
If you need assistance with your personal brokerage account, use one of the following options:
- Phone. Call 800-349-5814, weekdays from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. EST.
- Secure email form. From the Contact Us Brokerage Services page, choose Send a secure message to fill in Vanguard’s email form. There’s a non-secure option if your browser doesn’t support SSL and encryption.
*Signup bonus information updated weekly.
Disclaimer: The value of any investment can go up or down depending on news, trends and market conditions. We are not investment advisers, so do your own due diligence to understand the risks before you invest.
Vanguard stands out for its collection of fee-free mutual funds and ETFs, making it an ideal choice for long-term investors or those saving for retirement. But the firm’s offerings may fall short for active investors. For instance, Vanguard’s research tools aren’t as robust as those of its competitors. A $1 per contract fee on options trades is also higher than it is for most competitors. And some mutual funds require large minimum investments.
But before you decide to open an account, make sure you compare trading platforms to find the one that works best for you.