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Federal funds rate history: 1954 to June 2024

Fed continues to holds interest rates following its fourth meeting of 2024.

The Fed held rates at the its fourth meeting on Wednesday, June 12, 2024, at rate of 5.25% to 5.50% — a trend that has persisted since mid-2023.

Latest federal funds rate data at a glance

  1. Current fed rate: Held at 5.25% to 5.50% following the June 12, 2024 meeting(1)
  2. Effective federal funds rate: 5.33% as of June 12, 2024(4)
  3. Previous rate change: Hold at 5.25% to 5.50% on April 30-May 1, 2024(1)
  4. Rate this time last year: Held rates at a range of 5-5.25% a its June meeting in 2023(1)
  5. Next meeting: July 30-31, 2024(2)
  6. Highest rate since 1954: 19.1% monthly average recorded June 1981(3)
  7. Lowest rate since 1954: 0.05% monthly average recorded April 2020(3)

Changes to the federal funds rate in the last 12 months

The Fed held rates at a target range between 5.25% and 5.50% following the fourth Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting of 2024.

Over the last 24 months or so we’ve seen a lot of movement in the Fed rate, with the Fed raising rates four times in 2023, starting with consecutive rate increases of 25 basis points in February, March and May 2023, rates holding in June only increased by a further 25 basis point hike in July. Since the it’s been string of holds — September, through till now.

The Fed raised rates seven times in 2022, which is the highest number of Fed rate hikes in a single year since 2005. While 2005 saw more Fed rate hikes in total (8), individual increases were just 25 basis points, whereas the changes in 2022 have ranged from 25 to 75 basis points.

6 years of changes to the federal funds rate

Since 2018, the average federal funds rate has been 2.1%, which is roughly two and a half times lower than it is today. During this period, however, the US saw historically low rates, in part due to COVID, with rates hitting a record low of 0.05% for the months of April and May 2020.

The history of federal funds rate changes

While it’s not a great sign that the fed rate is way up, currently holding at 5.33%, it’s pretty close to the average rate since 1954 — which is 4.6%.

2024 FOMC meeting calendar

Seven meetings of the Federal Open Market Committee are scheduled for 2024.

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Senior editorial manager

Richard Laycock is Finder’s NYC-based senior content marketing manager & insights editor, spending the last decade data diving, writing and editing articles about all things personal finance. His musings can be found across the web including on NASDAQ, MoneyMag, Yahoo Finance and Travel Weekly. Richard studied Media at Macquarie University, including a semester abroad at The Missouri School of Journalism (MIZZOU). See full bio

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