What is business liability insurance? March 2021 guide | finder.com

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Types of business liability insurance

The right insurance covers all the bases for potential liability cases against your business.


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Your business faces legal responsibilities when it serves customers, sells products and offers professional advice or services. Because of that responsibility, you should consider different types of insurance to protect your day-to-day liability risks, whether that’s a customer getting injured at your store or losing money because of your financial advice.

What is liability insurance?

Liability is the legal responsibility for damage that happens because of your actions or the actions of someone you’re responsible for. You are considered liable if the person receiving the damage can prove that you or your employee caused the accident or loss.

Liability insurance helps you pay for damage on your property or caused by your actions, products or services. It covers two main forms of financial loss: Legal costs of defending your business or employees in court, and the compensation you’re required to pay for damage.

What are the different types of business liability insurance?

You’ll find a variety of liability insurance available to meet many business needs, but the most common types are:

  • General liability
  • Public liability
  • Product liability.
  • Professional liability

What’s the difference between each type of business liability?

Type of liability insuranceWhat’s coveredExample
Public liability Injuries or damage to customers on your propertyA customer slips on your premises.
A client slips and falls in your massage parlor
Product liability Customer injuries or damage from productsYou sell lotion that damages a customer’s skin after they apply it at home
A customer becomes ill after eating food made in your bakery.
Professional liability Damage from a professional serviceA client sues you after getting incorrect medical advice
A physical therapist at your company damages a customer’s ligament by advising improper stretches.
General liability Protects you for property damage, personal injuries like false accusations and advertising errors related to your business’s operations or caused by employees.Your truck driver backs into a client’s warehouse too far, causing property damage

Which type of liability insurance do I need?

Many businesses can benefit from at least a general liability policy. But you might add other options if your business faces specific risks. Consider these types of insurance if:

  • If you need basic protection for common liability risks…
  • Consider general liability insurance

General liability covers injuries or property damage to customers on your property, excluding specific coverage for products and advice or services. Because this policy gives you a general form of coverage, nearly all businesses big and small should consider it.

  • If you serve customers in person…
  • Consider public liability insurance

Works well for businesses that serve customers on business property, such as retail stores, restaurants, medical facilities or personal financial services. However, this coverage isn’t typically required in many states.

  • If you make, sell or ship products or food…
  • Consider product liability insurance

Consider this insurance whether you’re a manufacturer, distributor, retail store or any other variation in this product chain. Businesses that handle products in any way can be held responsible for damage.

  • If you give medical or professional advice…
  • Consider professional liability insurance

Professional liability insurance covers your liability for a loss suffered by a third party as a result of a service or advice provided by you in a professional capacity.

You might need professional liability insurance if you’re an accountant, lawyer, medical practitioner, insurance agent, financial adviser or media representative. Any person who could cause damage or injuries to another person because of choices made in their job may need this type of policy.

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Bottom line

While nearly every business needs liability insurance, different businesses may opt for a general or specialized policy to cover their specific risks. Doing so protects the business from paying expensive legal claims it’s held responsible for a physical accident or damaging actions. If you’re ready for a policy or have questions, look for the best business insurance company to serve your needs.

Frequently asked questions about business liability insurance

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