Wheat stocks: Popular wheat companies to invest in

Discover how to invest in the wheat industry, plus some popular stock considerations with their latest share price.

How to invest in wheat Step-by-step instructions
Commonly asked questions See FAQs

Did you know that 20% of the world’s calories come from wheat? And the price of wheat is determined by the commodities market and varies significantly over time. Wheat prices have soared 46% since the beginning of February, following the beginning of the Ukraine conflict. But is it possible for ordinary investors to invest in wheat and benefit from rising prices?

In this guide, we take a look at how grain commodity investing works. We also answer common questions like “why are wheat prices rising?” and “is it worth investing in wheat stocks?”

UK wheat stocks

Some UK wheat stocks include:

  • Archer Daniels
  • General Mills
  • Bunge
  • MGP Ingredients

How to invest in wheat stocks

  1. Choose a platform. If you’re a beginner, our share-dealing table below can help you choose.
  2. Open your account. You’ll need your ID, bank details and national insurance number.
  3. Confirm your payment details. You’ll need to fund your account with a bank transfer, debit card or credit card.
  4. Search the platform for vape stock codes.
  5. Research the shares you want to buy. The platform should provide the latest information available.
  6. Buy your shares. It’s that simple.

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Ways to invest in wheat stocks

If you’re keen to get stuck in and start investing in wheat you’ll first need to choose an investing platform. You can use a share dealing account, ISA or a pension scheme. Once you’ve picked your investing platform you can start planning which fund, commodity or stock you want to invest in.

Strategy 1
Invest in wheat ETFs

ETFs or exchange traded funds can be a good way to diversify your investment by spreading it between different underlying companies. There are two types of wheat ETF. Some track a commodity index like the Bloomberg Wheat Subindex, others invest in underlying companies in the agriculture sector. Here are some pros and cons of investing in wheat through an ETF:

Pros

  • Good value: ETFs often have lower fund charges than managed funds.
  • Diversified: if you invest in an agriculture fund, your investment will be spread across many underlying companies.

Cons

  • Less control: you’ll have less control over your investment as you can’t pick individual stocks.
  • Less availability: wheat ETFs and agriculture funds are not available on all platforms.

Compare brokers to buy wheat ETFs

Strategy 2
Invest in wheat stocks

It’s difficult to invest in wheat stocks because farms tend to be family run and privately owned. However, it is possible to invest in companies that are part of the broader agriculture sector, process food, supply fertiliser, pesticides or farming machinery.

Pros

  • No fund fees as you’ll own stocks directly.
  • You can select companies you like and have more control over your investment.
  • You can pick stocks in line with your investing goals or ethics eg. you could invest in plant-based foods.

Cons

  • You may struggle to find wheat stocks as many farms are privately owned.
  • You will be less diversified than investing in an ETF.

Compare brokers to buy wheat stocks

Strategy 3
Invest in wheat futures

Investing in wheat and grain futures is extremely risky. You’ll be committing to buy wheat in the future for a set price. If prices go up, then you’ll make money, but if they go down you’ll still have to buy at the agreed price. You may be able to buy futures using your share dealing account.

Here are some pros and cons:

Pros

  • You can make big money if your predictions are right.
  • You’ll have direct ownership over your investments.

Cons

  • You could lose money if prices swing the other way.
  • Futures aren’t available on all trading platforms.

Compare brokers to buy wheat futures

3 wheat stocks to consider

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Archer Daniels Midland

Archer-Daniels-Midland, commonly known as ADM, is an established American multinational company with businesses in food processing and commodities trading.

ADM is one of the largest global agriculture businesses and is diversified across many products including, processing oilseeds and other agricultural commodities and a fast growing nutrition business.

As of 16 March 2022 ADM’s share price is up 30.8% in the last 6 months and up 103.3% in the last 5 years. Archer Daniels Midland has a market cap of $46.8 billion and a dividend yield of 1.9%.

Compare brokers to buy Archer Daniels shares

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Bayer

Bayer AG is a German-based global pharmaceutical and life sciences company. It’s one of the biggest pharmaceutical companies in the world but it also trades in agricultural high-value seeds, innovative chemical and biological pest control and biotech products.

As of 16 March 2022, the share price is up 24.0% in the last 6 months but down 46.1% in the last 5 years. Bayer has a market cap of $55.8 billion and a dividend yield of 3.6%.

Compare brokers to buy Bayer shares

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Nutrien

Nutrien is a Canadian fertiliser company and is the largest producer of potash and the third largest producer of nitrogen fertiliser in the world. It has 2,000 retail locations in seven countries and more than 23,100 employees.

As of 16 March 2022, the share price is up 52.1% in the last 6 months and up 77.1% in the last 5 years. Nutrien has a market cap of $54.2 billion and a dividend yield of 1.9%.

Compare brokers to buy Nutrien shares

Why are wheat prices rising?

Wheat prices rose an eye watering 46% in the last few weeks. They have increased from €260 per tonne at the beginning of February 2022 to €380 on 16 March 2022. And U.S. wheat futures have also climbed past previous record highs set in 2008.

It’s mainly due to the ongoing conflict in Ukraine. Russia was the world’s leading wheat exporter last year so the conflict is causing prices to soar. Russia has suspended grain exports to neighbouring countries to strengthen its food security and exports from Ukraine have also dried up.

Prices are also affected by the continuing energy crisis. Food producers and farmers across the globe are facing increasing energy costs and rising fertiliser prices. Energy price hikes are making it more expensive to harvest, transport and store wheat and other foods.

Experts predict prices could continue climbing in the future as the energy crisis shows no signs of letting up. Many other factors can affect wheat prices like adverse weather, or changes in export policies.

Who are the main wheat producers and consumers?

The world’s biggest exporter of wheat in 2021 was Russia, who exported around 20% of the world’s wheat, according to data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Other big exporters include the United States, Canada, France and Ukraine.

Most wheat from Russia and Ukraine is imported by countries in the Middle East and North Africa including Egypt, Turkey, Lebanon and Tunisia.

The world’s biggest consumer of wheat is China, followed by the European Union, India, Russia and the United States.

Sadly, any rise in prices is likely to hit poor countries the hardest. That’s because poorer households in developing countries can spend as much as 40% of their income on food.

Pros and Cons of starting to invest in wheat

Pros

  • You could make money if prices continue to rise in the future.
  • Could be a good way to diversify your portfolio if you don’t currently invest in commodities.

Cons

  • Wheat and grain prices are extremely volatile so making money isn’t guaranteed.
  • It’s different to find specialist wheat stocks. You may need to invest in the broader agriculture sector.

Finder survey: Would Brits consider investing in wheat stocks?

46% of people we surveyed said they already invest in wheat stocks or would consider investing in wheat stocks.

Response
I would consider it41.33%
Not sure29.89%
I wouldn't consider it23.99%
I already invest in this4.8%
Source: Finder survey by Censuswide of Brits, December 2023

Compare platforms to buy wheat stocks

1 - 11 of 11
Name Product Finder Score Min. initial deposit Price per trade Frequent trader rate Platform fees Offer Link
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CMC Invest share dealing account
4.4
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£0
£0
N/A
£0
Earn up to £1,000 when you transfer a minimum of £25,000 into your CMC account, plus get your first 3 months free when you upgrade to Plus plan. T&Cs apply. Capital at risk.
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XTB
4.4
★★★★★
£0
£0
£0
£0
Earn up to 5.2% interest on uninvested cash.
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InvestEngine
4.4
★★★★★
£100
£0
N/A
0% - 0.25%
Get a Welcome Bonus of up to £50 when you invest at least £100 with InvestEngine. T&Cs apply.
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Capital at risk

Platform details
Saxo Share Dealing Account
4.3
★★★★★
£0
£3
N/A
0.12% per year
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Capital at risk

Platform details
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eToro Free Stocks
4.3
★★★★★
$100
£0 on stocks
N/A
£0
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Capital at risk. Other fees apply.

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Wealthify
4.2
★★★★★
£1
£0
N/A
0.6%
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Capital at risk

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Hargreaves Lansdown Fund and Share Account
4.2
★★★★★
£1
£11.95
£5.95
£0
Get back up to £100 of online trading fees until 21 June. Capital at risk. T&Cs apply.
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Platform details
Halifax share dealing account
4.1
★★★★★
£20
£9.50
£0
£36 per year
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Capital at risk

Platform details
interactive investor Trading Account
4.1
★★★★★
£0
£3.99 (free regular investing)
£0
From £4.99 a month
Get £50 free trading credit when opening a Trading Account by 30 June. Capital at risk. T&Cs apply.
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Moneyfarm
3.9
★★★★★
£500
£0
N/A
0.35% - 0.75%
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TILLIT
Not yet rated
£1
N/A
N/A
0.4%
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Bottom line

In times of stock market volatility, experts often suggest commodities as a safer option than stock market. However, this isn’t always the case. In fact, many commodities prices, including wheat prices also fluctuate wildly. As well as the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, other factors like adverse weather, fertiliser costs and energy prices also significantly affect wheat prices.

If you do decide to take the plunge and invest in wheat, then do your research and make sure you don’t put all your eggs in one basket. Aim to invest in a diversified range of companies, assets and geography.

Frequently asked questions

All investing should be regarded as longer term. The value of your investments can go up and down, and you may get back less than you invest. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. If you’re not sure which investments are right for you, please seek out a financial adviser. Capital at risk.

Written by

Alice Guy

Alice Guy is a Suffolk-based finance writer, a busy mum of 4 older kids and a self-confessed personal finance geek. She trained as a chartered accountant with KPMG London before working for Tesco Plc as a business analyst. She loves to write about budgeting, saving, investing and building wealth. See full profile

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