Finder makes money from featured partners, but editorial opinions are our own.

5 ways to diversify your portfolio

Get peace of mind by spreading your investment across multiple assets.

As interest rates go up and down, the investment landscape can drastically change. Luckily, there’s a way to prevent your portfolio from doing the same: Diversification.

5 portfolio diversification techniques

Diversification means you’re not putting all eggs into one basket. If your portfolio consists only of Tesla and Apple, you’re not diversified. You can diversify either between industries or sectors in the stock market, or you can diversify across a variety of asset classes.

Here are 5 ways to diversify your portfolio:

1. Exchange-traded funds (ETFs)

Investing in ETFs is the easiest and fastest way to diversify your portfolio. That’s because you can buy ETFs like stocks directly from any brokerage. The difference between ETFs and stocks is that ETFs hold shares of multiple companies.

There are a variety of ETFs to choose from. You can go with:

  • Equity or index ETFs that track indices like S&P 500 or Nasdaq.
  • Sector ETFs like healthcare or tech.
  • Crypto ETFs that track the price of Bitcoin.
  • Currency ETFs that contain a basket of foreign currencies like the euro, Japanese yen and the British pound.
  • Commodity ETFs that hold oil, gold and other commodities.
  • Real estate ETFs that hold stocks of companies that own real estate.
  • Sustainable ETFs that hold companies conscious about environmental, social and governance (ESG) aspects.
  • Specialty ETFs, either inverse or leveraged, such as short Nasdaq or 3x semiconductor companies.

When to add ETFs: You can add ETFs to your portfolio at any time. However, their performance will depend on what kind of ETFs you invested in.

Drawbacks: ETFs typically have an annual fee. Luckily, the fee is relatively low, often less than 1% for many popular ETFs.

Best for Lowest Commissions

Go to site
Low margin rates
  • Access to international stock exchanges
  • Low margin rates
  • Powerful research tools

Best for Low Fees

Go to site
CA & US trading
  • $1,200 cash reward or $1,200 Apple gift card
  • Low transaction fees
  • Easy-to-use app

Best for Beginners

Go to site
Easy to use app
  • Easy-to-use platform
  • Low fees
  • Student and young investor discounts

2. Cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrencies are digital assets where transactions are verified and stored on a database called a blockchain. The blockchain is secured by cryptography, which makes transactions hard to counterfeit.

The main idea behind cryptocurrencies is that they’re decentralized — i.e. independent from any entity or government regulation. Decentralization makes it nearly impossible to manipulate crypto, such as printing more coins without the consensus of the broader network.

Cryptocurrencies are considered high-risk investments, which is why they come with high reward potential. If investing in crypto seems complicated, though, you can indirectly invest by buying shares of crypto-related companies like Marathon Digital (MARA).

When to add cryptocurrencies: You may add cryptocurrencies to your portfolio at any time.

Drawbacks: Storing and safeguarding your crypto may require extra effort. If you lose your crypto wallet keys or send cryptocurrencies to the wrong address, your coins could be lost forever.

3. Bonds or bond funds

Bonds and bond funds are popular additions to a stock portfolio. Bonds are fixed-income securities that represent loans made by investors to borrowers. The most popular type of bonds used by investors is government bonds, also known as treasury bills.

Since the government guarantees to repay the loan, treasury bills are considered among the safest investments you can make. However, this means that the return is typically low compared to riskier assets like stocks and cryptocurrencies.

Bond funds, as the name suggests, are funds that hold a variety of bonds — either from different countries or companies or from different maturity dates, say from 6 months to 10 years.

When to add bonds: Bonds are typically a great option in times of heightened volatility and uncertainty. They provide steady income and can preserve your capital in the long run.

Drawbacks: Inflation can eat up the bond’s value, which makes them a poor choice during times of high inflation. Also, if the bonds are corporate, the company could default and make your bonds worthless. This shouldn’t apply to Canadian treasury bills because the risk of the Canadian government defaulting is low.

4. Commodities

Commodities are essential goods and raw materials like oil, natural gas, gold, and corn. The exchange of commodities often goes through futures contracts or options on specialized exchanges.

Luckily, you can invest in commodities indirectly via stocks or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). For example, investing in oil companies when the price of oil is rising is likely to have a positive impact on these companies. This will reflect in their share prices.

When to add commodities: Commodities typically perform well in times of high inflation.

Drawbacks: Political unrest, wars and foreign events can have a major impact on commodity prices. Keep in mind, the effect on prices can also be positive for investors, especially if there are supply issues and rising demand.

5. Real estate and real estate investment trusts (REITs)

Adding real estate into the mix diversifies your portfolio even further. You can do so by either directly purchasing real estate or investing in REITs.

REITs typically own commercial real estate that provides income, which is then redistributed among investors like a dividend. This makes REITs a fixed-income asset similar to bonds.

When to add real estate and REITs: You can add this type of investment to your portfolio at any time.

Drawbacks: The dividends you earn from REITs can sometimes be taxed as ordinary income. Dividends can also be affected by high inflation.

Open an investment account

1 - 6 of 6
Name Product Finder Rating Available Asset Types Stock Trading Fee Account Fee Signup Offer Table description
Interactive Brokers
Finder Score:
★★★★★
4.2 / 5
Stocks, Bonds, Options, Index Funds, ETFs, Currencies, Futures
min $1.00, max 0.5%
$0
N/A
Winner for Best Overall Broker in the Finder Stock Trading Platform Awards.
Moomoo Financial Canada
Finder Score:
★★★★★
3.9 / 5
Stocks, Options, ETFs
$0.014/stock
$0
Get up to $1,200 or a $1,200 Apple gift card
Trade US stocks for up to 90% less and access free real time stock quotes and level 2 market data. T&C's Apply.
CIBC Investor's Edge
Finder Score:
★★★★★
3.7 / 5
Stocks, Bonds, Options, Mutual Funds, ETFs
$6.95
$0 if conditions met, or $100
100 free trades + up to $4,500 cash back
An easy-to-use platform with access to a variety of tools to help you trade with confidence.
RBC Direct Investing
Finder Score:
★★★★★
3.8 / 5
Stocks, Bonds, Options, Mutual Funds, ETFs, GICs
$6.95 - $9.95
$0 if conditions met, otherwise $25/quarter
N/A
Enjoy no minimum trading activity requirements and pay just $9.95 per trade or $6.95 if making 150 trades per quarter.
Questrade
Finder Score:
★★★★★
3.9 / 5
Stocks, Bonds, Options, Mutual Funds, ETFs, GICs, International Equities, Precious Metals
$4.95 - $9.95
$0
Get $50 in free trades when you fund your account with a minimum of $1,000.
Opt for self-directed investing and save on fees or get a pre-built portfolio to take out some of the guesswork.
Qtrade Direct Investing
Finder Score:
★★★★★
3.6 / 5
Stocks, Bonds, Options, Mutual Funds, ETFs, GICs
$6.95 - $8.75
$0 if conditions met, otherwise $25/quarter
Get up to a $150 sign-up bonus. Use code OFFER2024. Ends October 31, 2024.
Low trading commissions and an easy-to-use platform with access to powerful tools and a wide selection of investment options.
loading

Bonus: Alternative assets

The five assets we’ve listed are the more popular diversification options. However, there are alternative assets that you can invest in, such as art, collectibles and luxury goods.

You can add alternative assets to your portfolio via a trading platform or a special fund.

For example, some funds own assets like NFTs, startups, cryptocurrencies, art, collectibles, wine and more. By investing in such funds, you get to own a portion of these types of assets in the form of shares (you own items fractionally, not wholly). On the downside, there may be a high upfront investment.

Bottom line

  • Diversify your portfolio by investing in assets like bonds, cryptocurrencies, commodities, real estate and ETFs.
  • You can also diversify by using stocks from companies that have exposure to alternative assets.
  • ETFs offer the highest diversity of investment options.

Stock trading

Frequently asked questions

Disclaimer: This information should not be interpreted as an endorsement of futures, stocks, ETFs, options or any specific provider, service or offering. It should not be relied upon as investment advice or construed as providing recommendations of any kind. Futures, stocks, ETFs and options trading involves substantial risk of loss and therefore are not appropriate for all investors. Trading forex on leverage comes with a higher risk of losing money rapidly. Past performance is not an indication of future results. Consider your own circumstances, and obtain your own advice, before making any trades.

More on investing

More guides on Finder

Ask a Question

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Go to site