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If you’re thinking about starting a new business, you’re not alone. In recent years, cities across Canada have become hubs for startups, attracting talent from near and far. While there’s plenty of creativity going around, not all startups make it past their first few years. One of the biggest problem startups tend to face is not having access to adequate funds for their business plans.
You can get startup funding for your business in a variety of different ways, and picking the right kind of loan to get your business going can be a daunting process. This guide gives you insight into your options, helping you to pick the best one for your needs.
Yes, you can, although it can be difficult to get approved since your business hasn’t generated much revenue yet. Most lenders have minimum monthly revenue requirements as well as business age requirements, however there are more and more lenders offering loans to startups each year. You will likely need to turn to a nontraditional lender, since banks rarely offer business startup loans.
Startup loans work like almost any other business loan: Your business borrows money, then repays it plus interest and fees over a set period of time.
Generally, what sets startup loans apart is the eligibility criteria and application process. Since your business isn’t off the ground yet, your lender doesn’t have much to go by other than your personal credit and business plan. Both of these need to be strong to qualify for most startup loans.
While applying for a business startup loan does not take much time, it can take up to a month or more for the lender to process your application and disburse your loan funds.
Taking out a business loan isn’t the only way to cover the costs of your new business. In fact, it might not even be the best option for your needs. Before you take out a loan, consider all of your options with startup funding.
The Canada Small Business Financing Program (CSBFP) offers loans to startups and small businesses. These loans can be applied for through a chartered bank, credit union or a caisse populaire and are at least 75% backed by the Government of Canada. Your business must make under $10 million in revenue annually to be eligible for this program.
While you will need to meet certain eligibility criteria, these loans can be used for a variety of reasons including purchasing or improving land or buildings, doing renovations to a property, or purchasing new or improving existing equipment. To learn more, you’ll need to speak to your bank or financial institution and present a business plan.
An unsecured business loan is a business loan that doesn’t require any collateral. These can be hard to come by if you haven’t opened your business’s door — you’ll have to find a provider that’s willing to work with startups. It can also be expensive, since lenders tend to see startups as high risk.
You won’t risk losing any of your business’s assets if it folds and can’t pay back the loan, however you could still lose some of your personal assets if the lender requires a personal guarantee.
To apply for a business loan, you will typically need to be in business for at least 100 days and meet a minimum monthly revenue requirement.
A secured business loan is a loan backed by collateral, whether it’s a business or personal asset. These loans can be easier to come by as a startup, since the collateral offsets the risk for the lender. They also tend to have more favourable interest rates and terms than unsecured business loans. However, you could lose your collateral if you can’t make your repayments with this type of startup financing.
This small-dollar financing option is available to all types of businesses, including startups. These small loans are designed to help you cover the little things when you’re just getting on your feet like buying office supplies or stocking up on your first set of inventory. These loans typically start around $1,000 and come with shorter terms than your typical unsecured loan, but they tend to have higher interest rates.
If you have strong personal credit and a steady source of money coming in, a personal loan could be a potential option over a business loan when you want to start a business. Your lack of business experience won’t hurt your application and you may find the eligibility requirements easier to meet. However, personal loan borrowing amounts rarely go higher than $35,000 or come with terms longer than seven years. In other words, it might not be able to cover all of your startup costs.
One of the more common ways to fund a startup is to take on investors in exchange for equity, or partial ownership of the company. Typically, small businesses can get an equity investment through a venture capital firm or an angel investor. Think most offers and deals made on Shark Tank.
There’s no limit to how much money you can raise through this method — aside from how much your investors think your startup is worth. While you won’t have to pay back any of the money you receive from an investor, you could lose partial control of your company since you’ll often need to offer up a stake in the company to these types of investors.
Entrepreneurs that have an easily-pitchable idea might want to also look into equity or rewards-based crowdfunding. With equity crowdfunding, your company starts an online campaign to get funding from multiple investors in exchange for partial ownership. With rewards-based crowdfunding, your business offers prizes in exchange for donations. Much like a personal loan, crowdfunding might not cover all of your startup costs, but could be great for funding a project.
Startups with a mission — especially nonprofits — might want to look into business grants to get off the ground. Like an investment, you don’t have to repay a grant. However, they can be highly competitive and require a lot of work to apply for. They also typically don’t get much higher than around $15,000, so your business might not be able to cover all of its startup costs with a grant only.
A credit card can be a great way to cover smaller expenses and manage your company’s spending, since multiple employees can have cards from the same account. Some business credit cards have low annual fees and competitive interest rates and are startup-friendly, making it a viable option for a startup business.
Business incubators are designed to help startup businesses get off the ground. Offering up a variety of services including free office space, training programs and more, you could potentially take advantage of the many services offered in order to save money in some areas of your business. Not only can you save on office space and training costs, you could potentially benefit from speeding up your business’s growth and success.
Borrowing from your friends and family is sometimes the easiest way to get startup funding — if they believe in your business plan. Borrowing money from friends and family can be a surefire way to damage a relationship if you are unable to pay it back. You can, however, use a service like LoanWell to whip together a legally binding contract with interest fees and late penalties. This can help keep your repayments and your relationships on track.
Usually no, since the risk is high and they tend to have much stricter eligibility requirements in order to let individuals or businesses borrow money. However, the Canada Small Business Financing Program (CSBFP) is one exception. These loans can be applied for through a chartered bank, credit union or a caisse populaire and are at least 75% backed by the Government of Canada. Your business must make under $10 million in revenue annually to be eligible for this program. Since they’re Government-backed, this makes lending less risky to banks.
What’s more, if you decide to go the personal loan route, you should be able to turn to banks for funding.
Consider the following features when comparing business startup loans:
Eligibility requirements tend to vary between lenders. However, most focus on the entrepreneur’s history of paying off personal debt. Typically, you must have:
You won’t know how much you need to borrow until you calculate how much it’s going to cost to start your business. Here’s how to do it in four steps:
Once you know how much you need to borrow and have shopped around for lenders, you’re ready to apply. To speed up the application process, ask your lender what documents and information you’ll need before you begin completing your application. Many ask to see financial projections, a business plan and your personal credit report.
Next, follow your lender’s instructions to complete the application. Many allow you to apply online, though for business startup loans you might need to speak with a loan specialist first to make sure your business is a good fit.
Startup loans can take longer to process than other types of business financing because lenders consider it to be more of a risk. They also aren’t able to rely on the data they might otherwise use to evaluate your business’s creditworthiness like time in business and revenue, which can slow down the time it takes to underwrite your application.
Taking out a loan to start a business isn’t always a bad idea, but it can be risky and expensive. Steer clear of startup loans until you have a well-thought-out business plan in place. Even the best ideas require careful implementation.
If you feel that you may have trouble repaying the loan on time, seriously reconsider taking one out in the first place. To learn more about how business financing works, check out our comprehensive guide on business loans.
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