Every year, Statistics Canada records the number of deaths across Canada — and the major diseases that Canadians are dying from. We combed through this data to find the leading causes of death, as well as which conditions were different among men and women.
The 10 leading causes of death in Canada
To get these numbers, we looked at the Statistics Canada latest mortality data. Interestingly, we learned that all of the top 10 leading causes of death didn’t change between 2017 and 2018, except cerebrovascular diseases which surpassed accidental deaths to reach the number 3 spot. Generally speaking, however, the data shows that Canadians are falling victim to the same diseases and health conditions year-after-year, and getting involved in a similar amount of accidents.
For both men and women, the leading causes of death were cancer and heart disease.
However, men had a higher incidence of accidents and suicide, while more women died from kidney diseases and cerebrovascular diseases. These differences aside, the list of common deaths was made up of the usual suspects, including Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes and pneumonia.
Take a look at the graphs and tables below to get a more detailed picture on the 10 leading causes of death in Canada.
What are chronic lower respiratory diseases (CLRDs)?
CLRDs are conditions that affect the lungs, such as:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) — including emphysema and chronic bronchitis
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Occupational lung diseases
While these diseases are typically associated with smoking, non-smokers can also contract them.
Disclosing smoking to your life insurance provider
The top 10 causes of death for men
These were the leading causes of death among Canadian men. As you’ll see, it’s fairly similar to the shared list — though more men died from accidents and suicide.
The top 10 causes of death for women
As for Canadian women, the incidence of kidney diseases and cerebrovascular diseases were higher than that of men in 2018.
What’s the average life expectancy in Canada?
With all this talk of death, it’s important to keep in mind that living in Canada means your odds of dying are still relatively low. The average life expectancy is 79.9 years for men and 84.1 years for women. While there are many factors that can impact your life expectancy, like your environment and family history, the majority of Canadians live long lives.
How we collected this data
To learn about the leading causes of death among Canadians, we turned to the Statistics Canada mortality data.
Statistics Canada analyzes deaths and diseases each year, with the most recent data focused on 2018. We’ll update this page as new data is released.
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While no one can predict the future, life insurance can be a good way to help your loved ones even if the worst should happen. If you’re thinking about getting life insurance, compare quality providers in the list below.
Understanding the leading causes of death is just one of many factors life insurance companies will take into account when determining your rates. A good life insurance policy can protect your family financially if you pass away prematurely, and give you the peace of mind in knowing that your loved ones will be taken care of when you’re gone. To get great coverage at a premium you can afford, compare life insurance companies.
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