Compare personal loans

Understand how personal loans work – from comparing lenders to getting approved – and secure the best rates and terms available to you.


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What is a personal loan?

A personal loan is when you borrow a fixed amount from a lender and pay it back with interest over a set time period, usually in fixed monthly repayments.

Lenders consider factors like your income and credit score when deciding whether to offer you a loan and what interest rate to charge (learn more about APR).

The main advantage of a loan is you get cash upfront, but are still able to spread the cost of a big purchase over time.

Would a credit card be cheaper?

Potentially, yes. However, the answer depends on what you’re buying, when you’re buying it, how you intend to pay the money back and your level of self-discipline!

Personal loans come in a lump sum – you have a predetermined amount of time to pay them off. By contrast, credit cards are a revolving form of borrowing, so they can theoretically last a lifetime. You borrow what you need when you need it (subject to a card’s monthly limit) and you have to make at least a minimum monthly payment on your balance. This can tempt borrowers into only paying the minimum and making additional purchases later on, resulting in indefinite debt. Credit card interest rates are generally variable, but cards often come with a promotional fixed-rate introductory period.

Using the wrong credit card could cost you more, because credit cards tend to have higher rates than personal loans. However, a card with a promotional rate of 0% on purchases could be a smart option, if you can get approved with the credit limit that you need.

Finally consider any other fees (application, monthly or annual fees), any offers/rewards and the length of the application/approval process before settling on a credit card, personal loan or another form of credit. Don’t forget that you’ll pay a charge each time you withdraw cash on a credit card.

What should I look for in a personal loan?

There are a few key features you’ll want to consider when comparing loans. To find the best deal, ask yourself these questions:

  • Do I qualify for this loan? Don’t waste time researching a loan if you don’t meet the requirements.
  • Can I borrow the amount I need? Will you be able to take out the amount you need and afford to pay it back in a reasonable amount of time? If not, you might want to look elsewhere.
  • Does it have a competitive interest rate? Most unsecured personal loans charge a fixed rate of interest, meaning your monthly repayments will stay the same throughout the loan. Remember that the advertised rate is not necessarily the rate that the lender will offer you. Lenders will look at factors like your credit score, income and expenditure when deciding what rate to offer you.
  • What are the fees? Many lenders will charge an “arrangement” or “set-up” fee.
  • Can I make overpayments or repay the loan early? Most lenders will not penalise you for paying back some or all of the loan early. However, that does not necessarily mean that doing so will save you money in interest. In many cases, you will be charged one or even two months’ interest to settle your loan early.
  • How long will I have to pay it back? Aim for a loan term that gives you monthly repayments you can afford without being too long. Otherwise, you could wind up paying a lot in interest in the long run.

Video: 3 tips for finding the cheapest personal loan

What is APR?

If you’re comparing any credit products, it won’t be long before you’ll come across the Annual Percentage Rate (APR). This figure is designed to provide an annual summary, taking into account both interest and any mandatory charges to be paid (for example an arrangement fee) over the duration of the loan. All lenders must calculate the APR of their products in the same way and must tell you the APR before you sign an agreement, so for consumers, it can be a handy tool for comparison.

Do bear in mind though, that lenders are only obliged to award this rate to 51% of those who take out the loan – the other 49% could pay more. That’s why it’s often referred to as the representative APR.

So for personal loans, the APR is relevant but doesn’t tell the whole story. For example, if it’s very low, it means you need a good credit score to get accepted in the first place; if your credit score is less than perfect, you’re likely to get a higher rate than the advertised one. A good eligibility checker should not only tell you how likely you are to be approved for the loan, but also give you an idea of the rate you may be offered.

Infographic showing the loan application process

How can I improve my chances of the loan being approved?

There is no way to guarantee you’re approved for a personal loan, but giving yourself the best chance at being approved starts with meeting the eligibility criteria set by the lender. To further your chances of being approved, keep the following in mind:

  • Establish your borrowing capacity. What repayments can you afford? Lenders will use a variety of criteria to decide how much you’re eligible to borrow, but you need to know how much you can afford to repay. If you’ve done your sums and are sure you can afford a particular amount each month, chances are a lender will reach the same conclusion.
  • Building a good banking history. Keep your accounts in good standing to build a positive relationship with your banks, even if you don’t plan on borrowing from them.
  • Keep your credit rating in good standing. Make sure you keep track of all your payments, from credit cards to utility bills, because any arrears, debts or missed payments will affect your ability to access credit. Don’t make too many applications for credit, and only apply for products you’re confident you’ll be approved for. Multiple applications for credit in a short space of time can signal financial difficulties to a potential lender.
  • Keep track of your saving goals. If you manage to contribute to your savings regularly, it shows lenders that you are likely to manage ongoing loan repayments.

What will I need in order to apply?

In order to lend responsibly, lenders will need:

  • Proof of identification
  • Proof of address
  • Proof of affordability

When you apply for a personal loan online, most lenders can now electronically verify all of these through a credit reference agency (CRA) like Experian. In this case, you may need to answer some questions that only you would know the answer to, but you won’t have the hassle of having to dig out any ID, bank statements, etc. This process won’t affect your credit score. However, the full credit check that normally happens after you hit “apply” has a slight and usually short-lived negative effect.

If you apply in a branch, the old fashioned rules apply. You’ll need to prove your ID and address with separate, acceptable documents, and you may be asked to prove your income (generally through the last two months of payslips and/or bank statements, or if you’re self-employed, an HMRC document confirming your latest tax return calculation). However, the lender will still carry out a credit search and affordability check through a CRA.

Finder’s top 5 tips for taking out a personal loan

  1. Compare lenders. It can be tempting just to take out a loan with your current bank, rather than shopping around. But more often than not, it pays to compare personal loans. And it’s easy! Use Finder’s personal loan comparison tables to estimate the costs with multiple providers, without running a credit check.
  2. Consider if a personal loan is definitely the right option for you. Personal loans can offer a highly-structured form of lending, which can be a real advantage. You know when you’ll have the loan paid off and, if the rate is fixed, you know exactly what you’ll pay. However, there are situations when the flexibility of a credit card or an overdraft could make those more suitable options. Similarly, if you have a mortgage, then as a secured loan, it may have a lower rate of interest. There are some important questions to ask yourself, however. If you take out a credit card, will you just end up spending more, and only making the minimum monthly payments? And by remortgaging, could you end up borrowing more than you need, for much longer than you need it?
  3. Check the early-repayment terms. As well as offering peace of mind, by paying your loan off early you can save money on interest. However, many lenders will charge a fee, for example, one month’s interest, if you wish to repay your loan early – particularly if they’re offering a highly competitive rate. For the lender, it’s a way of guaranteeing a minimum income from the product. If you think that there’s a strong chance you’ll repay the loan early, then a product with no early-repayment fees could potentially be more suitable than a product with high early-repayment fees and a slightly better rate.
  4. Look at the rate bands. Many lenders offer better rates when you borrow larger sums, or when you borrow over longer periods. Sometimes, borrowing a bit more can put you into the next rate band, and save you a packet in interest. However:
  5. Understand the risks and check the small print. You should only ever apply for a loan if you’re confident you’re eligible and you’re certain you can meet the repayment terms. If you’re worried about slipping into a habit of spending more than you have, then consider saving the money first, before making that expenditure, rather than borrowing the money.

What about a broker?

As long as you bear in mind that it’s unlikely to check the whole market, but instead a subsection of lenders with whom it has an arrangement, then a broker can take the strain out of finding a competitive personal loan deal. Brokers find the best rate available to you from their panel of lenders, taking into account your individual circumstances. Normally this service is free because the broker will earn a referral fee from the lender.

Some brokers and “matching services” can now run soft searches with a range of lenders in seconds, meaning that without any impact on your credit score you’ll be able to get realistic rate quotes for loans you’re likely to be approved for. This can be a smart way to avoid disappointment, protect your credit score and focus on lenders likely to approve you.

What can I use a personal loan for?

A better question is: What can’t you use a personal loan for? This type of financing can cover almost any large expense or even consolidate your debt. Lenders will normally ask you what you need the money for during the application process. Here are some common reasons for taking out a personal loan:

  • Buying a new car
  • Paying for a wedding
  • Home improvements
  • Buying furniture/fittings
  • Paying for a holiday
  • Consolidating debt

However, there are situations when a personal loan isn’t suitable. Here are a few examples:

  • A deposit on a property
  • Gambling
  • Business purposes
  • Share dealing

Personal loans glossary

  • APR. The Annual Percentage Rate (APR) is designed to be a benchmark for consumers, providing an annual summary of the cost of a loan. As well as the interest, the APR also takes into account any compulsory charges – like an “admin” or “set-up” fee (if there is one). However, crucially, lenders only have to award the advertised APR to 51% of those who take out the loan. The other 49% could be offered a different (higher) rate, at the lender’s discretion. That’s why it’s often referred to as the representative APR.
  • Broker. Unlike a direct lender, a broker does not lend money but instead helps you to find a suitable lender.
  • Capital. Also referred to as the “principal” or “loan amount”, this is the original amount borrowed.
  • Credit check. Also referred to as a “credit search”, this is a background check run by lenders considering a loan application. The lender will request visibility of your credit record from a credit reference agency, and will use the information in the record to help make a decision on whether or not to offer you a loan, and, in some cases, what rate to offer.
  • Credit reference agency (CRA). Credit reference agencies are the companies who hold your credit history. Lenders report borrowing activity to these agencies, and request information from them (a credit search) when considering applications for credit. The three main CRAs in the UK are Experian, Equifax and TransUnion (formerly CallCredit).
  • Default. Defaulting on a loan means failing to make a pre-agreed repayment at the specified time. This will typically result in the borrower being charged a penalty plus damage to the borrower’s credit record.
  • Direct lender. The term “direct lender” is used by lenders to distinguish themselves from brokers. A direct lender issues loans, while a broker refers you to a direct lender to get your loan.
  • Draw down. Drawing down simply refers to the transfer of funds to the borrower at the start of a loan.
  • Eligibility criteria. A list of conditions that a borrower must meet in order to be considered for a loan. These vary from lender to lender.
  • Fixed rate. A fixed rate will not change for an agreed amount of time, even if market conditions mean that bank interest rates generally are increasing or decreasing. A fixed rate can be a popular option for some borrowers, and it allows them to budget with more certainty – knowing in advance the exact cost of a loan and the exact figure for each instalment.
  • Guarantor. An individual who promises to repay a loan in the event that the borrower does not. Typically a friend or relative of the borrower.
  • Instalment. A repayment towards an outstanding loan. This will normally consist partly of interest accrued so far, and partly of a proportion of the original sum borrowed.
  • Interest rate. The interest rate is a charge for borrowing and is a percentage of the amount of credit.
  • Loan term. The amount of time over which a loan is to be repaid.
  • Principal. Also referred to as the “capital” or “loan amount”, this is the original amount borrowed.
  • Repayment holiday. An agreed period (normally either one or two months) where the borrower will not make repayments. The debt continues to accrue interest during this period, so taking a repayment holiday will generally increase the total cost of borrowing (and the loan term). Repayment holidays are typically offered to borrowers at the start of a loan, or at a specified frequency, for example, one per year.
  • Unsecured. An unsecured loan does not use an asset, such as a property or vehicle, as collateral for the loan.
  • Variable rate. A variable rate is the opposite of a fixed rate and can increase or decrease over time at the lender’s discretion. Typically, variations occur as market conditions generally shift, for example, an increase or decrease in the Bank of England base rate.

Frequently asked questions has selected Accepty Technology Ltd to provide details of credit products and whether you may be eligible to get them. Accepty Technology Ltd is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FRN: 839295). Accepty is acting as a credit broker, not a lender, and may receive a payment from a credit provider if you take out a credit product.

We show offers we can track - that's not every product on the market...yet. Unless we've said otherwise, products are in no particular order. The terms "best", "top", "cheap" (and variations of these) aren't ratings, though we always explain what's great about a product when we highlight it. This is subject to our terms of use. When you make major financial decisions, consider getting independent financial advice. Always consider your own circumstances when you compare products so you get what's right for you.

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