UK energy statistics

Find out how much the average UK household spends annually on energy bills.

The UK is the third biggest energy consumer in Europe with only France and Germany using more energy than us. We spend on average more than £1,300 per household on energy every year, but more than 18 million Brits don’t understand their energy tariff or compare providers often enough to realise the money they could be saving money. We unpacked the latest statistics to find out more about energy bills in the UK.

Quick Overview

  • In 2021, the average energy bill in the UK was £1,330.
  • The South West of England (£1,375) was the highest paying region for annual energy bills in 2021, with East Midlands (£1,295) paying the least of the UK regions.
  • In 2021, the average UK household electricity bill was £769.
  • The average UK household gas bill was £564 in 2021, 27% less than the average electricity bill.
  • In 2021, 15% of UK households switched their electricity supplier, with 1 in 10 (12%) having switched their gas supplier.
  • Almost half (48%) of UK’s electricity is produced from gas.
  • According to our 2017 survey results, 43.7% of Brits (18.16 million) don’t know or understand their energy tariff options.
  • 65.1% also feel as though they have no power over their energy costs.

How much does the UK Household pay for energy bills?

No-one likes to be paying more for something than they need to, but the truth is many of us are doing just that with our energy bills. We have looked into how much the UK regions are spending each year on electricity and gas.

Regionally, the South West of England pay the most on average for household bills at £1,375 a year. Followed by Wales (£1,367), London (£1,360), South East (£1,356), and Scotland (£1,340).

The East Midlands paid on average the least for energy in 2021, costing £1,295. This was £80 less than than the South West.

Region Energy Bill cost
Scotland £1,340
East Midlands £1,295
East of England £1,327
London £1,360
North East England £1,302
North West England £1,311
South East England £1,356
South West England £1,375
West Midlands £1,324
Yorkshire and the Humber £1,303
Wales £1,367
Northern Ireland

Are energy prices rising in the UK?

Rising energy prices are a growing concern for Brits and can really pull on the purse strings. So have prices been rising in Britain?

Energy bills in the UK have steadily increased since 2010, average energy prices have increased 23% from 2010 (£1,081) to 2021 (£1,333). Electricity prices on average have increased £266 a year from 2010 to 2021, this is an increase of 52%. With Gas prices having slightly reduced, with domestic gas prices having reduced from 2.4% since 2010.

Year Average gas bill Average electricity bill Total bills
2010 £578 £503 £1,081
2011 £629 £526 £1,155
2012 £703 £546 £1,249
2013 £731 £569 £1,300
2014 £741 £575 £1,316
2015 £697 £562 £1,259
2016 £616 £555 £1,171
2017 £584 £581 £1,165
2018 £593 £641 £1,234
2019 £610 £698 £1,308
2020 £581 £705 £1,286
2021 £564 £769 £1,333

How is the UK’s electricity produced?

In 2022, 48% of electricity in the UK is made from gas, followed by 16% from wind energy and nuclear (15%). Solar (7%) and Biomass (6%) make up the top 5 resources for generating electricity. Imported electricity (5%), hydro (1%), storage (1%) and coal (1%) make up the remaining resources for producing the UK’s electricity in 2022.

Type of energy Energy share august 2022
Gas 47.70%
Wind 15.90%
Nuclear 15.10%
Biomass 6.20%
Coal 0.90%
Solar 7.20%
Imports 4.50%
Hydro 1.20%
Storage 1.30%

The biggest suppliers of British energy

79% of all energy provided in the UK comes from 6 different providers. As they have such a big share of the market, they’re called “Big Six”. N Power was the 6th biggest energy supplier in 2018 and 2019, however they were taken over by E.ON in July 2020.

British Gas E.ON SSE/OVO Energy* EDF N Power* ScottishPower
Q1 2018 20% 14% 14% 11% 9% 10%
Q2 2018 20% 13% 14% 11% 9% 10%
Q3 2018 19% 13% 13% 11% 9% 10%
Q4 2018 19% 13% 13% 11% 8% 10%
Q1 2019 19% 13% 13% 11% 8% 10%
Q2 2019 19% 12% 13% 11% 8% 9%
Q3 2019 19% 12% 12% 11% 7% 9%
Q4 2019 19% 12% 12% 11% 7% 9%
Q1 2020 18% 12% 16% 11% 7% 9%
Q2 2020 18% 12% 15% 11% 7% 9%
Q3 2020 18% 12% 15% 10% 6% 9%
Q4 2020 18% 15% 15% 10% 3% 9%
Q1 2021 18% 17% 14% 11% 0% 9%
Q2 2021 18% 17% 14% 11% 0% 9%

How many Brits have switched their gas or electricity suppliers?

In 2021, just over 1 in 10 (12%) of gas customers in the Uk switched their energy supplier, whereas 15% of households with electricity switched their supplier. In total figures, there were 46% more electricity (4,502,000) supplier switches compared to gas (3,082,000) in 2021.

There have been more households switch electricity compared to gas since 2010, with there being 46% more households that switched their electricity supplier compared to

Electricity Gas
2010 4,750,000 3,556,000
2011 4,206,000 3,269,000
2012 3,341,000 2,280,000
2013 3,425,000 2,190,000
2014 3,058,000 2,282,000
2015 3,396,000 2,709,000
2016 4,420,000 3,347,000
2017 5,118,000 4,144,000
2018 5,402,000 4,517,000
2019 5,946,000 4,822,000
2020 5,811,000 4,336,000
2021 4,502,000 3,082,000

Why are Brits not switching energy providers?

Over 60% of Brits have changed energy providers one time or less, so what is stopping us from switching providers? In a 2018 survey, 65% of respondents reported risks associated with switching, with the most common risk being that costs might go up. Explore the graphic below to find the 5 most common reasons Brits aren’t switching.

Top five perceived risks of switching energy supplier

Over half (52%) of Brits say their biggest risk of switching energy suppliers is that they might not save as much as they thought they would. Followed by 4 in 10 (41%) say their costs may go up through switching energy suppliers.

This is followed by potentially being double billed (29%) and switching to a supplier who may go out of business (29%). With almost 1 in 5 people fearing they may get cut off from their energy.

Reason for switching Percentage
Might not save as much as though 52%
Costs might go up 41%
Double/shock billing 29%
Supplier they switch to might go bust 29%
They might get cut off 18%

Sources used

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