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Knowing when you’re due to completely pay off your student loan is the first step toward making any adjustments to your repayment plan. It can help to budget how much extra you’ll need to pay monthly to move that date sooner.
Not interested in doing the math yourself? Reach out to your lender to find out when you’re set to be free from your student debt. Once you know this, you can be strategic about how to speed things up.
The quickest and easiest way to pay off your student debt is to pay a little more than you owe each month. It’s not always as simple as it sounds though: You might have to notify your loan servicer or lender that you want your extra payments to go toward your principal, not toward future repayments (which happened to us). If it’s applied towards a future repayment, then the lender will ask you for less next month and it won’t have an impact on lowering your overall loan principal.
You don’t have to pay hundreds of dollars extra for it to be worth the contribution. Even setting up autopay at an amount $10 to $50 higher than the amount due can make a dent in how much time you need to pay off your student loans.
Say you had $40,000 in student debt with a 5% interest rate and a 15-year term. Here’s how much time you can save by making extra payments to your principle.
|Extra repayment||Monthly repayment||Time needed to pay off loan||Time saved||Savings on interest|
|$0 per month||$316||15 years||0 years||$0|
|$10 per month||$326||14.4 years||0.6 years||$837|
|$20 per month||$336||13.8 years||1.3 years||$1,592|
|$50 per month||$366||12.3 years||2.8 years||$3,478|
|$100 per month||$416||10.3 years||4.7 years||$5,751|
|$200 per month||$516||7.8 years||7.2 years||$8,557|
If your finances run into a rough patch, consider cutting down on other areas of spending first before applying for forbearance or deferment. These not only increase your loan amount, they can also lengthen your loan term, depending on the situation, keeping you in debt longer.
You can make a big difference in paying off your student debt if you use money you didn’t count on receiving — birthday presents, inheritances, lottery winnings, tax refunds — to make an extra repayment on your student loans.
If it’s not something your budget is going to miss and you don’t have any other pending large expenses, these can make enormous dents in your student debt and can save you potentially years of repayment, depending on the amount. That vacation to Hawaii or 16th pair of kicks can wait until you’re debt-free.
Many lenders and loan servicers offer a 0.25% discount on your interest rate just for signing up for autopay. While this might not help much if you have a small amount of student loans, even the tiniest reduction in interest can help you save when you’re paying back high student debt loads. And less interest means less money you have to pay, which means getting out of debt sooner.
Signing up for autopay also comes with added benefits of no longer needing to keep track of when your repayments are due and risking late payments. Just be sure to set it up with an account that you’re sure will consistently have enough funds to make repayments — otherwise your loan could become delinquent without you even realizing it.
Take your monthly repayment, divide it in half and make that payment every two weeks. Two weeks is just under half a month — enough that it’ll make a difference but not enough for you to really notice it, especially if you get paid every two weeks.
By the end of the year, you’ll have made one extra payment without feeling any major financial pinch.
One of the nice things about paying off federal loans — and some private loans — while you’re just starting out in your career is that you can often deduct the amount you pay in interest from your income taxes. Typically you can deduct up to $2,500 each year and use those savings to pay off your loans.
If you’re in school, just graduated or are in a training program for your job, you might qualify for a full refund of up to $2,500 for eligible education expenses, which you can then put toward paying off your student debt. You can’t qualify for both of these, however, so if you have a choice between the two, you might want to go with the refund — it’s usually worth more.
If you’re stuck with high-interest or long-term student loans, you might want to consider consolidating or refinancing your student loan. This involves taking out a new loan with lower rates or a different loan term — or both — that better fits your personal needs.
Refinancing can take some time — usually around a month — and can be as involved as applying for your original student loans, if not more. You also might need a cosigner to qualify for the rates you want if your credit score isn’t excellent or if you don’t meet the minimum income requirements.
You might want to skip this one if you have federal loans or consider refinancing only your private student loans at first. Those come with benefits that private lenders don’t offer — and could potentially help you get out of debt even faster.
That 25-year graduated repayment plan that starts with $200 monthly payments might have sounded great while you were working as a freelance journalist in a foreign country (aka broke). But once you have a steady income that’s high enough to pay more than twice that amount, move on to another repayment plan with the shortest term you can afford.
If you have federal loans, you can usually change your repayment plan by contacting your servicer. If you have private loans, however, you might have to refinance your loan with another lender.
Just got a raise? Up for one soon? Consider putting it toward your student debt instead of buying a new car or apartment. In fact, if you hold off on large purchases that require financing, you’ll likely get a better deal on interest anyway because your debt-to-income ratio will be lower.
You don’t need to use your entire raise amount if you need extra funds to cover cost of living expenses or other essentials. Even taking half of your raise could help you pay off your student debt more quickly.
This can be as involved as you want it to be. If you’re desperate to get out of debt as soon as possible, consider moving to a cheaper apartment, bargain hunting and hold off on dining out until your debt is paid off.
But it doesn’t have to be that extreme. Something as simple as canceling your cable, cutting back on the booze or limiting how often you dine out can help you pay off your student debt faster.
Don’t want to do that? Even making a realistic budget can help you cut down on excess spending.
Most college students are strapped for cash, but paying what you can toward your student loans, even while in school, can reduce your loan principle, which in turn lowers the interest you owe in the long run.
Even if you start making interest-only repayments while in school, this could reduce your loan principle because once your student loans begin, your lender will capitalize your interest, or add it to your principle.
Just a few repayments here and there from part-time jobs or one-time gigs is all it takes to potentially save you thousands of dollars in the long run and get you out of debt sooner.
The federal government forgives student loans from borrowers that participate in its public service or teacher loan forgiveness program. This involves working at an approved institution for several years in exchange for having part or all of your student debt forgiven.
While you might not want to change your entire career path, it could be worth it to read up on the requirements if you’ve considered these jobs.
If you go this route and stand to have most of your debt forgiven, consider signing up for a graduated or income-based repayment plan. That way, you won’t have to make quality-of-life sacrifices in the meantime, as many of these jobs don’t come with high salaries.
If you have multiple student loans, you can use one of these two popular strategies to pay off your debt more quickly:
There’s no way around it: Rent is one of the largest expenses you’re responsible for each month. If you can keep your job and moving expenses are reasonable, consider moving back in with your parents — especially if you live in an expensive city like San Francisco or New York.
Live as you would while living on your own — or as much as you can — and put the money you’d be spending on rent, and possibly food, toward your student loans to pay them off quicker.
TruTV premiered a game show in July 2018 that’s all about paying off student debt. Contestants on Paid Off are recent college graduates looking for freedom from their student loans. Want to learn more about this trivia game show? Check out our article on Paid Off‘s show format, when it airs and how you could apply.
You might have heard that student loans are a type of good debt. And it’s partly true — borrowing to pay for higher education can help you get a higher salary and live a more fulfilling life.
But just because it comes with rewards doesn’t mean it’s good to keep around. The longer you take to pay off student loans, the more you’ll end up paying in interest. And while a long loan term can help you build up a long credit history, it also means you might have trouble qualifying for other types of credit because you have a high debt-to-income ratio.
If The Secret taught us anything, it’s that it’s difficult to achieve goals that we can’t even imagine. This might sound like some cornball bullpucky but it can seriously help you reduce stress and stay focused on what really matters.
If just thinking about living a life without student loans isn’t enough, try adding up how much you’ll save each month and envision what you could do with that money. Maybe it’s moving to a nicer apartment. Maybe it’s having cable again (ha, just kidding — cable is basically dead). Maybe it’s checking off some items on your bucket list. It’s up to you: It’s your imagination.
Cutting down on the time it’ll take to pay off your student debt isn’t impossible, but it takes some planning. Staying sane while you’re doing it is also a challenge. Keep your eye on the goal and don’t deprive yourself of the things that make your life worth living — otherwise you could get discouraged and give up.
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