As global attitudes toward fossil fuels continue to shift, the renewable energy sector becomes an increasingly attractive portfolio addition. But until technology costs come down, solar energy may remain a luxury in the eyes of most consumers.
What are solar stocks?
Solar stocks are stocks from companies involved in the generation of solar energy and the manufacturing of solar energy technology.
Solar energy is one of several forms of renewable energy — an emerging market category that continues to gain traction as we pivot from oil reliance to more sustainable energy technologies, including solar, wind, hydro, tidal and geothermal energy.
There are numerous companies in the solar energy space. These companies produce the technology that allows us to capture energy from the sun and convert it into electricity. The types of companies that fall within the solar energy category:
- Manufacture solar modules and cells
- Manufacture power optimizers and inverters
- Install solar panels
- Design solar power systems
- Operate solar energy generators
Why invest in solar stocks?
Energy fuels our world. It’s a global resource we rely on and the way we produce and consume energy is changing. In light of growing environmental concerns, there has been a global shift from traditional energy stocks toward renewable energy. And solar power is a massive component of the renewable energy market.
According to Allied Market Research, the global solar energy market was worth $52.5 billion in 2018. And that figure is projected to rise to $223.3 billion by 2026. The market is changing. The demand for oil is dropping. And solar stocks present a potentially lucrative long-term growth opportunity.
Investing in renewable energy also gives you the opportunity to add assets to your portfolio that impact the environment in a positive way. Solar energy can help reduce carbon dioxide emissions and lessen our impact on the environment. If you’re looking to add some socially conscious investments to your portfolio, solar stocks fit the bill.
Risks of investing in solar energy
Two major concerns for investors interested in solar energy are expenses and manufacturing.
Right now, solar energy is expensive. It’s expensive to manufacture, it’s expensive to install and it’s expensive to maintain. And while the high cost of solar energy means higher profits for solar companies, it also acts as a deterrent for consumers. To outfit a residential home with solar panels, consumers can expect to pay about $3 per watt — which shakes out to about $15,000 to $30,000 for the installation, all told.
Solar energy is less of a novelty than it once was, which means it’s becoming more affordable as the technology advances. But it still has a ways to go before it’s as accessible and mainstream as fossil fuel.
Another concern for investors is how solar cells and modules are manufactured. Some of the components of solar technology require rare earth metals that are acquired as a byproduct of other mining processes. Should the demand increase, the supply chain could be threatened. Other solar materials make use of the same hazardous materials as electronics, which presents disposal challenges.
Before you buy in, investigate the companies you’re interested in backing to find out more about their manufacturing processes and protocols.
There are a variety of companies in the solar energy category, including module developers, cell manufacturers, renewable energy generators and more. Select a company to learn more about what they do and how their stock performs, including market capitalization, the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio, price/earnings-to-growth (PEG) ratio and dividend yield. While this list includes a selection of the most well-known and popular stocks, it doesn't include every stock available.
What ETFs track the solar energy category?
There’s only one exchange-traded fund solely focused on the solar energy category: the Invesco Solar ETF (TAN).
Outside this, you can invest in renewable energy ETFs that contain solar stocks, but be aware that these ETFs also track a number of other companies in the renewable energy category, including wind and hydroelectric energy.
- ALPS Clean Energy ETF (ACES)
- First Trust ISE Global Wind Energy Index Fund (FAN)
- First Trust NASDAQ Clean Edge Smart Grid Infrastructure Index Fund (GRID)
- Global X YieldCo & Renewable Energy Income ETF (YLCO)
- Invesco Cleantech ETF (PZD)
- Invesco Global Clean Energy ETF (PBD)
- Invesco Solar ETF (TAN)
- iShares Global Clean Energy ETF (ICLN)
- SPDR S&P Kensho Clean Power ETF (CNRG)
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Solar energy offers investors a socially conscious investment opportunity with long-term growth potential. But until the technology becomes more widespread, the high cost to consumers may impede profitability.
Explore your brokerage account options with multiple platforms to find the account best suited to your investment needs.
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