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How to invest in silver
4 ways to shine up your portfolio with this industrious precious metal.
While the metal’s purposes have changed throughout history, silver remains a valuable commodity with strong demand in the market. Demand for precious metals generally increases in times of economic uncertainty, often correlating with a decrease in the US dollar’s value. Before investing in this industrious metal, learn the strategies and risks of buying silver.
Unlike gold, silver has demand that extends beyond jewellery, coins and bars. Because it’s also the best conductor of electricity and boasts antibacterial properties, silver is also used heavily in batteries, solar panels, electronics, dentistry and medicine.
Buy silver ETFs
Rather than trusting your money to the stock of one or two companies, exchange-traded funds — or ETFs — offer the chance to invest in a basket of assets.
Compared to other popular investment methods, ETFs are simple and accessible. You can buy or sell them like stocks, but the diverse range of assets within them means less vulnerability to market fluctuations.
Many ETFs are a safe option for newcomers to precious metals. The broad scope of different companies in silver ETFs means you can focus either on the metal itself, on silver miners — or on both. The iShares Silver Trust (SLV), for example, tracks the spot price of silver by owning physical silver bullion, while the Global X Silver Miners ETF (SIL) tracks an index of silver mining companies.
Leveraged trading, also known as margin trading, is when you borrow credit from a broker so you can take a much larger position on a stock. This means that potential wins are magnified — but so are losses.
These ETFs aim to double or triple the returns of regular ETFs and are invested in more risky futures and options in order to achieve those higher returns. In order to consistently achieve those goals, leveraged ETFs are rebalanced daily, and in times of high volatility, there can be an erosion of value for shareholders who simply hold them. Leveraged ETFs aren’t designed for buying and holding, so it’s a good idea to exercise caution when leverage trading.
Crunching the numbers: Leveraged trading
If a regular silver mining ETF drops 5%, the 3x leveraged silver mining ETF is designed to fall 15%. So if that 15% fall takes the price from $10 to $8.50, the daily rebalancing will reduce the exposure based on the new asset total so a rebound of the same strength will achieve less than a 15% increase — not to mention that even if the leveraged ETF rebounded 15%, its new $9.78 price would still fall short of where it started the previous day. For this reason, leveraged ETFs should be used only for short-term trades, not long-term investments.
- A reliable option for investors that’s more resilient to market conditions.
- Gain far-reaching access to silver assets at reasonable prices.
- Because ETFs are a collection of assets, you lose some control that comes with investing in a single stock.
- Leveraged ETFs are rebalanced daily and are not suitable for long-term investments.
Purchase silver stocks
Investing in stocks is a well-known method for approaching the market.
Silver has many modern uses, which makes it a desirable asset in multiple industries that include solar energy and electronics — and a popular commodity for investment. Many silver mining and manufacturing companies like First Majestic Silver (AG) and Wheaton Precious Metals (WPM) offer stock for purchase through online brokerage platforms and advisers.
- Variety of stocks to invest in online.
- Control over your investment.
- Enter and exit the market when you want.
- Though safer than futures, metals can be especially volatile, including unpredictable price fluctuations.
Buy silver coins and bullion
One of the most straightforward ways to invest in silver is to purchase physical silver bar or coins. Ranging from 1 ounce to 5 or more kilograms, coins or bullion can be purchased or sold on your own terms from a reputable retail dealer or online, such as Silver Bullion or Bullion Star. Silver bars typically comprises of 0.999 or 0.9999 silver.
Despite gaining full control over the asset, physical silver is a longer-term investment. Unlike buying and selling stocks or ETFs, where the only cost is the price, there are some that go into the final amount you’ll pay for physical silver.
- 1. Spot price: Like other investments, precious metal prices fluctuate all the time based on supply and demand.
- 2. Markup: Like any retail product, when buying from a dealer, you’ll pay a markup on top of the actual cost for the silver.
- 3. Premium: While some physical silver is pretty basic, certain products like coins also have additional value as collectables. The premium can reflect the age of the silver (older or rarer coins are worth more) or the minting authority. For example, American coins tend to have higher premiums than some other countries’ silver coins.
- 4. Storage cost: Since it’d be impractical to store large amounts of physical silver bars in your home. You’d either have to purchase a safe or shop around for storage options from the retailer or with a bank.
- Direct control over your asset.
- Silver maintains its value well.
- Can take time to find a buyer for your assets.
- Involves storing, which invites a risk of fraud or theft.
Purchase silver futures
Futures trading is much more advanced than stock and ETF trading, and in fact, there are many brokerage accounts that do not offer futures trading, so if you’re interested in trading silver futures, make sure you select a brokerage account that offers it.
When you invest in futures, you agree to buy stocks in a commodity at a set price, which you then receive some time in the future. The idea is that you end up buying stocks at a lower cost than prices would allow otherwise, but success heavily depends on market movements.
Their vulnerability to market volatility makes futures risky. Some luck and a strong understanding of the futures market can reap large returns, but you can also lose money if you’re new to investing. And if you don’t roll over your futures contract before it expires, you could be stuck purchasing actual silver.
- Can yield solid rewards under the right conditions.
- Gives you straight ownership over your stocks.
- The wrong choices can result in the loss of a lot of money.
- A futures contract expires, triggering additional obligations if you fail to roll it over first.
- Not all brokerage accounts allow futures trading.
Is silver a safe investment?
Silver is a staple material for many modern industries, allowing you a number of routes for investing in it. But watch for inevitable risks:
- Fluctuating prices. Valuable metals fluctuate in price over small periods of time, sometimes with no apparent cause.
- Storage. Finding somewhere to store physical silver can be a hassle, and storing it with a broker comes with fees.
- Fraud. It’s tempting to look for the lowest prices, but those prices could be too good to be true. When buying physical silver, trade with reputable dealers to avoid being fleeced.
- Political and environmental events. Mining, refining and trading depends on often politicized resourcing and ownership, which threaten to drive up the cost for companies.
You can invest in silver through options available to most commodities, including the purchase of silver coins and bullion itself. But be wary of fraudulent dealers when purchasing physical silver, and understand the potential for market fluctuations before investing in futures.
Not sure silver is the right shiny addition to your portfolio? Compare your investing options across trading platforms and commodities to find the best fit with your budget, goals and tolerance for risk.
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