Visit the IRD’s guide to cryptocurrencies for more information or contact them directly on 0800 775 247 (personal tax) or 0800 377 774 (business tax).
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How to get paid in cryptocurrency
Want to get paid in bitcoin or another crypto? There are plenty of ways to go about it.
Bitcoin (BTC) has long had a reputation as the currency of choice for criminals eager to receive payment in a hard-to-trace form. Recent reports suggest this is changing, with other privacy coins becoming increasingly popular with the underground, but it also obscures the fact that there are actually many legitimate ways for businesses and individuals to get paid in cryptocurrency.
From online payment systems designed to make it easier to buy and sell using BTC, to companies and job-seeker platforms providing payment in cryptocurrency, there are plenty of reasons why you might want to receive payment in the form of digital currency.
Working for crypto
When the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics kicked off in February 2018, Canadian speed skater Ted-Jan Bloemen made headlines for becoming the first athlete to be paid in cryptocurrency. The arrangement was part of a sponsorship deal with ONG Social, a social network and crypto community, and virtual reality provider CEEK VR.
Elsewhere, more than 4,000 employees at Japanese Internet firm GMO Group have the option to receive a portion of their salary in bitcoin, while plenty of other companies in the crypto sphere have been offering bitcoin salary payments for years. And when you consider that cryptocurrencies are designed to offer a viable replacement for fiat currency, this makes sense.
There are even several job-seeking websites designed to allow freelancers to find work and get paid in cryptocurrency. For example, Ethlance allows its users to hire or work for Ether (ETH), while Coinality aims to connect employees and job seekers with job opportunities that pay in digital currency.
If you currently have a job, you could also ask your employer whether it’s possible to get a portion of your salary paid in Bitcoin. However, with many employers wary of paying in cryptocurrency, you may have to explore other options. One example is Bitwage, which specialises in converting fiat currency salaries into cryptocurrency, but is currently only available on payments from UK, US and European employers.
At the time of writing, the New Zealand Inland Relevant Department says that if an employee receives their salary, or part of their salary, in BTC, the remuneration is treated as normal salary or wages. The employer will need to satisfy their PAYE taxation obligations as they usually would when paying with fiat currency.
Earning a passive income from crypto
One of the key ways investors can earn money from shares is to buy stock in a company that pays dividends to shareholders. This practice is mirrored in the crypto world, as some cryptocurrencies also pay dividends to coin or token owners.
The two most common ways to access dividends are by:
- Staking. You can earn interest by storing a proof-of-stake coin in a special wallet.
- Holding. You can earn interest on your cryptocurrency by buying and holding a specific coin or token in any wallet.
In this way, some cryptocurrencies provide added value to buyers, providing the opportunity to earn a passive income from your crypto holdings.
Take a look at the table below for a round-up of some of the most well-known dividend-paying coins.
|NEO (NEO)||GAS token paid out with each new NEO block, proportional to the amount of NEO held.||Learn more|
|Komodo (KMD)||5% interest earnt on KMD holdings, paid annually.||Learn more|
|KuCoin Shares (KCS)||Fees collected on the KuCoin exchange are paid out to holders daily, proportional to the amount of KCS held.||Learn more|
|BridgeCoin (BCO)||50% of profits from the Crypto Bridge decentralised exchange are paid out to holders who stake their coins, depending on the amount of BCO held.||Learn more|
|Neblio (NEBL)||10% interest earnt on NEBL holdings for those who stake their coins.||Learn more|
|PIVX (PIVX)||~4.8% interest earnt on PIVX holdings for those who stake their coins.||Learn more|
|Nav Coin (NAV)||Up to 5% earnt on NAV holdings for those who stake their coins.||Learn more|
Mining is the process by which cryptocurrency transactions are validated, and miners are rewarded with cryptocurrency for their efforts. Mining is done using special mining programs and uses the processing power of the miner’s computer. It’s a slightly confusing concept to wrap your head around at first, so check out our guide to Bitcoin mining for an in-depth explanation.
These days it’s quite difficult to make money mining Bitcoin, as the process now requires specialised equipment, significant processing power and a whole lot of electricity. However, there are plenty of other cryptocurrencies that can be mined, including Ether (ETH), Zcash (ZEC) and Monero (XMR). While mining isn’t an easy way to earn a second income, it can be a useful hobby to help you earn additional funds.
However, it’s also important to be aware of the tax treatment of mining Bitcoin in New Zealand. If you operate a Bitcoin mining business, any income derived from the transfer of the mined Bitcoin to a third party must be included in your assessable income. The expenses you incur as part of the mining activity can be claimed as deductions, while any losses may also be subject to the non-commercial loss provisions.
At the time of writing, the IRD also classifies as trading stock any Bitcoin held by a taxpayer carrying on a business of mining and selling Bitcoin, while GST is payable on the supply of Bitcoin made as part of any Bitcoin mining enterprise.
Other ways to get paid in crypto
There are plenty of other ways you can potentially earn small amounts of cryptocurrency, including:
- Answering cryptocurrency questions on Cent, which rewards users with ETH if they provide an answer voted to be one of the best.
- Using “paid-to-click” websites that pay users in cryptocurrency for visiting certain websites or viewing specific ads.
- Using crypto faucets that distribute small amounts of Bitcoin or cryptocurrency rewards for visitors who complete a CAPTCHA or specific task.
- Completing micro jobs via a website such as CoinWorker.
The downsides of getting paid in crypto
If you think getting paid in cryptocurrency sounds like a pretty sweet deal, make sure you’re aware of all the risks and potential downsides:
- Volatility. Cryptocurrencies are highly volatile, so the amount you’re paid today could be worth a whole lot less tomorrow. Take Bitcoin for example. On 28 October 2017 it was worth US$5,769, but by December 18 it had climbed above the US$19,000 mark. At the time of writing (13/02/2018), it was hovering around US$8,765.
- Gambling. Some critics of getting paid in crypto argue that this approach effectively encourages people to gamble. Due to the highly speculative nature of cryptocurrencies, there’s no way of knowing how much your holdings could be worth in the future.
- Regulatory changes. Cryptocurrencies are still largely unregulated and legislators around the world are still catching up with the rapid growth of digital currencies. This means there’s always the risk that the value of cryptocurrency holdings, or maybe even their legality in some cases, could be affected by future law changes.
- Tax requirements vary. If you get paid in crypto from an overseas source, you should be aware that the tax treatment of cryptocurrencies varies from country to country. Not only do you need to be aware of how the ATO taxes digital currencies, but also how your funds will be taxed in the country where they are earned.
- Still not widely accepted. While cryptocurrencies are becoming increasingly publicised, they’re still not widely accepted as a form of payment, so you may need to exchange your cryptos for fiat currency in order to be able to spend the money you’re paid.
Tax treatment of cryptocurrencies in New Zealand
Before getting paid in cryptocurrency, it’s essential to be aware of the tax treatment of cryptocurrency by the IRD. Key points include:
- Cryptocurrency is considered property for income tax purposes.
- Where you acquire cryptocurrency for the purpose of disposal (selling or exchanging it) the proceeds you make from selling it are taxable.
- In the eyes of the IRD, cryptocurrency is classed neither as money nor as a foreign currency. This means foreign currency gain or loss provisions do not apply.
- New Zealand taxpayers must keep a record of the full details of Bitcoin transactions, including the date, the amount in New Zealand dollars, the purpose of the transaction and who the other party was.
- If a business pays an employee in cryptocurrency, the payment is treated as normal salary or wages.
- If you mine Bitcoins, any mining-related fees or rewards are taxable income.
Disclosure: At the time of writing, the author holds IOTA and XLM.
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