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Bad credit business loans

Your credit history doesn't have to lead you to a dead end. Find the way forward with a bad credit business loan.

When you apply for a business loan, your business’s credit history is one of the most important factors a lender considers. It’s an indicator of your business’s financial performance and its history of managing financial commitments. So, if you have bad credit history it can result in your loan applications being denied. However, this doesn’t eliminate your chances of securing finance altogether. That’s where a bad credit business loan comes in.

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Name Product Interest Rate (p.a.) Min. Loan Amount Max. Loan Amount Loan Term Monthly Service Fee Application Fee
Prospa Small Business Loan
13.9% - 29.9%
Up to 24 months
2.5% of loan amount
Eligibility: Be 18+, be a New Zealand citizen or permanent resident, own a business with a valid NZBN.
Special offer: No repayments for the first 4 weeks on approved Prospa Business loans. T&Cs apply.

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The 3 things you should know when getting a business loan with bad credit

  • Lenders consider the financial standing of the business itself as well as its directors, so having bad credit won’t necessarily prevent you from getting a loan.
  • Having bad credit makes it more difficult for you to get finance from banks, but there are a number of smaller lenders who will consider your application.
  • Bolster your application with a business plan, detailed financials and financial forecasts for the best chance of getting approved.

What is “bad credit” and can I still get a business loan?

There’s no one definition of bad credit, especially when it comes to business loans. Lenders will generally look at the personal credit histories of company directors. If the business is established they may also look at the business’s credit file and credit score.

If you personally have bad credit – that is, default listings, missed or late payments, multiple credit enquiries or just a low credit score – you may find it difficult to be approved for a business loan. Difficult, but not impossible.

What’s the difference between a personal and business credit file?

Both your personal and business credit file contains information that helps lenders and creditors determine whether they want to do business with you. Your personal credit file also contains information of your commercial undertakings.

  • Personal credit file. This includes your name and other personal information, details of consumer and commercial credit accounts you’ve held, any negative listings such as defaults or missed payments and information on the public record such as bankruptcies and court judgements. You will also have a personal credit score.
  • Company credit file. Your company’s credit file will include the company’s structure and its shareholders and the company’s credit information including applications and defaults. Any business events that are lodged with the Financial Markets Authority or details lodged with the Personal Property Securities Register will be included, as will a company credit score.

How can I get a business loan with bad credit?

Traditional banks may be tough on businesses with bad credit, but alternative financial lenders tend to have more relaxed criteria. You could also apply for a different type of loan or put up business or personal assets as collateral.

Secured bad credit business loans

If you apply using assets as collateral, the lender may be more ready to approve your application. Here are a few things to keep in mind when applying for a secured business loan:

  • Assets such as business equipment, vehicles, property and funds in savings accounts can be used as collateral for a secured business loan.
  • These kinds of loans are generally granted by banks. Terms and conditions differ, so it’s a good idea to shop around for the loan that best suits your budget.
  • Since your application is fortified with collateral, you generally benefit from more competitive interest rates and flexible repayment terms.
  • If you can’t make your repayments, the lender will sell your assets to cover what you owe.

Alternative lenders

Following the proliferation of small and medium businesses in New Zealand, there has been a growth in the number of alternative financial lenders offering loans to business owners with less-than-perfect credit or with no security.

Here’s why many business owners turn to alternative lenders:

  • They offer a selection of small, short-term loan products
  • Bad credit history isn’t a determining factor, you just need to show that your business has the capacity to repay
  • Repayments are made over a shorter period, and responsible borrowers can be rewarded with better rates the next time they apply for a loan
  • Loan terms are tailored to what you can afford
  • Alternative lenders don’t require security for the loan amount
  • The application is quick, often with same-day approval.

Invoice factoring

If you have outstanding invoices that are locking up your cash flow, you can consider invoice factoring. Invoice factoring involves selling your unpaid invoices for a fee in order to receive the outstanding payments more quickly. This option is becoming increasingly popular amongst business owners because:

  • Bad credit history isn’t a factor
  • No real estate is required as collateral
  • You have the option to finance some or all of your invoices
  • You can enter into an ongoing arrangement with the factoring company.

Even with bad credit history, you can get the cash boost your business needs with terms to suit your financial situation.

Bad credit doesn’t lock you out of finance in New Zealand, but it’s important to compare your options to find the right type of finance available to your business.

How can I compare my bad credit business loan options?

There are a few options you can consider for your business, but as any business venture is a serious undertaking, it’s important to opt for the best one for your needs. Here’s how to find it:

  • Flexibility to match your business structure

    Business loans vary in terms of their flexibility, with each of them offering a variety of different repayment terms, loan amounts, top-up options and other features. Make sure you understand your business needs before you select the type of loan you’re applying for. Your cash flow estimates should show when periods of fluctuations occur, and therefore what type of repayment structure and loan type may suit you best.

  • Loan term

    While banks tend to offer minimum loan terms of one year with standard business loans, alternative lenders have been offering terms as short as three months, giving you a range of terms to choose from. You also have line of credit loans and overdrafts to add into your comparison, with each having no set terms.

  • Eligibility criteria

    Bad credit loans will come with more flexible criteria but you still need to ensure your business meets the minimum criteria that are set. Check for minimum monthly turnover and a minimum operating period for non-startup loans.

  • Features to match your needs

    Deciding what your business needs out of the loan should help when you’re comparing your options. If you are a startup, you may be unsure of your cash flow projections and so want the ability to top up your loan. If you’re taking out a loan to buy stock that will be sold in the next six weeks, you will likely not want a loan with terms longer than a year. Consider the purpose of your loan, your business’s financials and then compare your options by features that will suit.

Questions we’ve been asked about financing a business with bad credit

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