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Bitcoin vs Ethereum

¿Cuál es la diferencia?

Bitcoin y Ethereum son las dos criptomonedas más grandes del mundo. Bitcoin (BTC) fue la primera moneda digital y Ethereum (ETH) apareció unos cuantos años después.

Existen muchas similitudes entre ambas. Ethereum originalmente surgió de una bifurcación de Bitcoin, por lo que su código es casi el mismo. La principal diferencia es que ETH cuenta con la tecnología de “contratos inteligentes” incorporada, y bitcoin no.

Disclaimer: This information should not be interpreted as an endorsement of cryptocurrency or any specific provider, service or offering. It is not a recommendation to trade. Cryptocurrencies are speculative, complex and involve significant risks – they are highly volatile and sensitive to secondary activity. Performance is unpredictable and past performance is no guarantee of future performance. Consider your own circumstances, and obtain your own advice, before relying on this information. You should also verify the nature of any product or service (including its legal status and relevant regulatory requirements) and consult the relevant Regulators' websites before making any decision. Finder, or the author, may have holdings in the cryptocurrencies discussed.

Aprende más Dónde comprar

¿En qué se parecen bitcoin y Ethereum?

Existen varias similitudes además del código:

  • Ambas monedas son valiosas: Al momento de escribir este artículo, bitcoin y Ethereum son las dos criptomonedas más grandes y valiosas del mundo en términos de capitalización de mercado.
  • Ambas monedas son populares: Incluso con cientos de criptomonedas en existencia, bitcoin y Ethereum siguen siendo ampliamente utilizadas.
  • Ambas monedas son antiguas: Existen nuevas criptomonedas que superan a bitcoin y a Ethereum de varias maneras. Algunas son más rápidas de transferir, tienen tarifas más bajas o características adicionales.
  • Ambas monedas utilizan sistemas de minería de “prueba de trabajo”: La minería es el método con el que se procesan las transacciones en la cadena de bloques. Cuando bitcoin y Ethereum fueron creadas, la minería de prueba de trabajo era como todas las criptomonedas manejaban las transacciones. Actualmente, no todas usan este sistema y algunas ni siquiera se pueden minar.

Además, ambas monedas tienen problemas de escalabilidad. Debido a que son tan antiguas, tanto bitcoin como Ethereum están experimentando inconvenientes por ser demasiado populares y contar con una gran cantidad de personas utilizándolas.

Tener demasiados usuarios significa que ambas pueden experimentar transacciones más lentas y costosas. Para resolver esto, ambas están trabajando en sus propias soluciones para este problema.

Si a lo largo de los años ambas monedas se han hecho cada vez más diferentes entre sí; sus próximas soluciones al problema de la escalabilidad las convertirán en dos activos extremadamente distintos.

La solución de bitcoin al problema de escalabilidad

A lo largo de los años, bitcoin ha experimentado otras bifurcaciones diseñadas específicamente para resolver su problema de escalabilidad.

La bifurcación de Ethereum estaba diseñada para implementar contratos inteligentes; pero otras buscan hacer transacciones más rápidas y económicas, como Litecoin y Bitcoin Cash.

Sin embargo, bitcoin como lo conocemos hoy en día, se resistió a esas bifurcaciones y se mantuvo intacto. En cambio, presentó un sistema llamado “SegWit”, y tiene planes a futuro de crear lo que se conoce como Lightning Network o Red Lightning.

  • SegWit: Es una nueva forma de organizar los datos para que las transferencias sean más rápidas y fáciles. El inconveniente es que sólo se puede usar con ciertas carteras y exchanges. Esto significa que los usuarios de bitcoin tienen que activar y desactivar SegWit para usarlo correctamente. Si se activa o desactiva en el momento equivocado al enviar dinero, se corre el riesgo de perder las monedas transferidas. Por esta razón, la mayoría de la gente simplemente lo desactivó.
  • Red Lightning: Es un sistema que implica configurar múltiples canales de pago para recorrer la cadena de bloques. La idea es mantener las transacciones más pequeñas fuera de la red principal de bitcoin. Todavía está en desarrollo.

La solución de Ethereum al problema de escalabilidad

Los contratos inteligentes de Ethereum son extremadamente útiles, pero también pueden hacer que la red sea más lenta. Sobre todo porque existen muchos que son extremadamente complicados y solicitan diferentes requisitos.

Como necesitaba diferentes soluciones, Ethereum ideó las siguientes actualizaciones:

  • Plasma: La actualización Plasma sólo transferirá contratos inteligentes a la cadena de bloques principal de Ethereum una vez que éstos hayan finalizado. Básicamente, maneja todas las etapas complicadas y lentas en segundo plano, y sólo pone el resultado final en la cadena de bloques principal. Esto debería evitar que los contratos inteligentes, especialmente los más complicados, desaceleren la red.
  • Casper: Ésta es una actualización importante. Implica cambiar del antiguo sistema de prueba de trabajo a un nuevo algoritmo de prueba de participación que sea más eficiente. En lugar de que las computadoras resuelvan problemas para verificar bloques, las personas verifican las transacciones almacenando ETH en sus carteras. Es un método de minería cada vez más común entre las nuevas monedas, pero modificar una cadena de bloques antigua como la de Ethereum es mucho más difícil.

Dónde comprar BTC y ETH

Name Product Deposit methods Fiat Currencies Cryptocurrencies
CoinSpot Cryptocurrency Exchange
BPAY
Cash
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CoinSpot is an Australian-based exchange that allows you to easily buy, sell or trade more than 100 cryptocurrencies.
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15
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2
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1
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US residents: As of September 2019, US-based users can only trade USD on the American dollar onramp of Binance, Binance.US.
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POLi
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5
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Cash
Cryptocurrency
Electronic Funds Transfer
POLi
PayID
AUD

113
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Buy 100+ cryptocurrencies using POLi, cash or Electronic Funds Transfer.
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Credit card
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Neteller
Payeer
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9
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US residents: Restricted in the following states - NY, CT, NM, WA, HI, AL, VT, FL, AK, NV.
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POLi
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6
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Use your USD, EUR or RUB to buy and sell cryptocurrency at competitive exchange rates and with high maximums for verified accounts.
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CoinSwitch allows you to compare and convert over 250 cryptocurrencies across all exchanges.
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Access competitive crypto-to-crypto exchange rates for 150+ cryptocurrencies on this global exchange.
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A global crypto exchange with OTC services based in Hong Kong that supports over 100+ cryptocurrencies.
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Bitit Cryptocurrency Marketplace
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Name Product Deposit methods Fiat Currencies Cryptocurrencies
CoinSpot Cryptocurrency Exchange
BPAY
Cash
Cryptocurrency
POLi
PayID
AUD

143
cryptocurrencies

CoinSpot is an Australian-based exchange that allows you to easily buy, sell or trade more than 100 cryptocurrencies.
Swyftx Cryptocurrency Exchange
Bank transfer
BPAY
POLi
Osko
PayID
AUD

80
cryptocurrencies

Buy and sell a wide range of cryptocurrencies at competitive rates on this Australian exchange.
Independent Reserve Exchange
Cryptocurrency
Electronic Funds Transfer
POLi
SWIFT
PayID
AUD, NZD, USD

15
cryptocurrencies

Trade AUD and other fiat currencies against a wide range of cryptos at competitive rates.
Digital Surge Cryptocurrency Exchange
Bank transfer
BPAY
POLi
PayID
AUD

2
cryptocurrencies

A digital exchange based in Brisbane where users can pay in AUD to buy their BTC.
Coinmama Cryptocurrency Marketplace
Credit card
Debit card
Bank transfer (SEPA)
SWIFT
USD, EUR, AUD, CAD, GBP, JPY

10
cryptocurrencies

Founded in 2013, CoinMama lets you buy and sell popular cryptos with a range of payment options and quick delivery.
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Blueshyft
BPAY
Cryptocurrency
NPP
AUD

9
cryptocurrencies

CoinJar offers a simple way to buy, sell or trade cryptocurrency with AUD. Enjoy free and instant deposits, flat 1% fees and free withdrawals to your bank account.
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Bank transfer
POLi
AUD

44
cryptocurrencies

Accepting POLi and bank transfers in AUD, Easy Crypto is a simple way to buy and sell a range of cryptocurrencies.
eToro Cryptocurrency Trading & CFDs
Credit card
Debit card
Neteller
PayPal
Wire transfer
Online banking
EUR, GBP, NZD, USD, AUD, CAD, HKD, SGD, CHF, NOK & 5+ more

17
cryptocurrencies

Disclaimer: Volatile investment product. 75% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.
Copy the trades of leading cryptocurrency investors on this unique social investment platform.
Kraken Cryptocurrency Exchange
Electronic Funds Transfer
Bank transfer (SEPA)
Wire transfer
Ethana Custody
USD, EUR, GBP, JPY, CAD, CHF

33
cryptocurrencies

Buy, sell and trade a range of digital currencies on this high-liquidity exchange – suitable for beginners right through to advanced traders.

UK residents: In addition to normal crypto trading, Kraken offers margin lending. As this is a regulated activity which they are not authorised to offer in the UK, we advise you not to use this service. If you're interested in margin trading, see authorised providers.
BitMEX Cryptocurrency Derivatives Trading Platform
Cryptocurrency

6
cryptocurrencies

Disclaimer: Highly volatile investment product. Your capital is at risk.
Trade cryptocurrency derivatives with high liquidity for bitcoin spot and futures, and up to 100x leverage on margin trading.
Binance Cryptocurrency Exchange
Cryptocurrency
USD, GBP, CAD, EUR, CNY, RUB, TRY, NGN, UAH, KZT & 23+ more

182
cryptocurrencies

Trade an extensive range of reputable coins on this world-renowned exchange, popular for its high liquidity and multi-language support.

US residents: As of September 2019, US-based users can only trade USD on the American dollar onramp of Binance, Binance.US.
UK residents: In addition to normal crypto trading services, Binance offers margin lending. As this is a regulated activity which they are not authorised to offer in the UK, we advise you not to use this service. If you're interested in margin trading, see authorised providers.
Zipmex Cryptocurrency Exchange
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Cryptocurrency
POLi
USD, AUD, SGD, IDR

5
cryptocurrencies

Buy, sell and trade BTC, LTC, ETH, XRP, EOS on this Singapore-based exchange.
Cointree Cryptocurrency Exchange
Cash
Cryptocurrency
Electronic Funds Transfer
POLi
PayID
AUD

113
cryptocurrencies

Buy 100+ cryptocurrencies using POLi, cash or Electronic Funds Transfer.
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AdvCash
Credit card
Debit card
Neteller
Payeer
USD, EUR, GBP, CAD, JPY

9
cryptocurrencies

Buy Bitcoin and other popular cryptocurrencies with credit card or debit card on this digital cryptocurrency exchange.

US residents: Restricted in the following states - NY, CT, NM, WA, HI, AL, VT, FL, AK, NV.
Bit Trade Cryptocurrency Exchange
Credit card
Cryptocurrency
Debit card
POLi
AUD

6
cryptocurrencies

Buy and sell crypto from an Australia-based platform that supports AUD payments.
Bitfinex Professional Trading Exchange
Cryptocurrency
USD, EUR, GBP, JPY

156
cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrencies are a highly volatile investment product. Your capital is at risk.
Spot trade all of the major cryptos on this full-featured exchange and margin trading platform.
Coinbase Digital Currency Exchange
Bank transfer (ACH)
Credit card
Debit card
Bank transfer (SEPA)
USD, EUR, GBP

20
cryptocurrencies

Get US$10 in free bitcoin when you buy US$100 or more of any crypto. T&Cs apply.
Buy and sell major cryptocurrencies on one of the world's most renowned cryptocurrency exchanges.
CEX.IO Cryptocurrency Exchange
Bank transfer (ACH)
Credit card
Bank transfer (SEPA)
Faster Payments Service
USD, EUR, GBP, RUB

22
cryptocurrencies

Disclaimer: Highly volatile investment product. Your capital is at risk.
Use your USD, EUR or RUB to buy and sell cryptocurrency at competitive exchange rates and with high maximums for verified accounts.
CoinSwitch Cryptocurrency Exchange
Credit card
Cryptocurrency
USD

387
cryptocurrencies

CoinSwitch allows you to compare and convert over 250 cryptocurrencies across all exchanges.
Changelly Crypto-to-Crypto Exchange
Credit card
Debit card
USD, EUR, GBP

133
cryptocurrencies

Access competitive crypto-to-crypto exchange rates for 150+ cryptocurrencies on this global exchange.
YoBit Cryptocurrency Exchange
AdvCash
Cryptocurrency
Payeer
Perfect Money
Capitalist
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1428
cryptocurrencies

Pay in USD, RUB or trade crypto to crypto at this Russian-based cryptocurrency exchange with hundreds of coins listed.
CoinCorner Bitcoin Exchange
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4
cryptocurrencies

Buy and sell bitcoin in GBP or EUR with credit card, debit card and bank transfer payment options.
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111
cryptocurrencies

Trade crypto to crypto with a choice of over 100 currencies on this global exchange based in China.
Bit-Z Cryptocurrency Exchange
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219
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A global crypto exchange with OTC services based in Hong Kong that supports over 100+ cryptocurrencies.
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208
cryptocurrencies

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BitBay Cryptocurrency Exchange
Cryptocurrency
Express Polish Post Office 24/7
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GBP bank transfers
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35
cryptocurrencies

This Polish-based exchange offers a variety of accessible payment methods, including Express Polish Post Office 24/7 service and Express DotPay.
Huobi Cryptocurrency Exchange
Huobi Cryptocurrency Exchange
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234
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Huobi is a digital currency exchange that allows its users to trade more than 190 cryptocurrency pairs.
Indacoin Cryptocurrency Exchange
Indacoin Cryptocurrency Exchange
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158
cryptocurrencies

Use your credit or debit card to buy bitcoin and other cryptocurrency without having to verify your identity.
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Cryptocurrency
Debit card
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Swapforex
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132
cryptocurrencies

Disclaimer: Highly volatile investment product. Your capital is at risk.
Liquid is a unified, globally-sourced trading platform that bridges the worlds of fiat and crypto.
Bithumb Cryptocurrency Exchange
Bithumb Cryptocurrency Exchange
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Wire transfer
KRW

110
cryptocurrencies

A global platform where users can make KRW and cryptocurrency deposits to purchase up to 15 popular cryptocurrencies.
Bitstamp Cryptocurrency Exchange
Bitstamp Cryptocurrency Exchange
Credit card
Cryptocurrency
Debit card
Bank transfer (SEPA)
Wire transfer
USD, EUR

5
cryptocurrencies

A global cryptocurrency exchange that facilitates crypto to fiat transactions, where you can use EUR or USD to buy bitcoin and popular altcoins.
Poloniex Digital Asset Exchange
Poloniex Digital Asset Exchange
Credit card
Cryptocurrency
Bank Wire
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52
cryptocurrencies

Trade various coins through a global crypto to crypto exchange based in the US.
Coinbase Pro
Coinbase Pro
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Bank transfer (SEPA)
Wire transfer
USD, EUR, GBP

27
cryptocurrencies

Formerly known as GDAX, Coinbase Pro is a US-based exchange which offers fiat currency payment options, including wire transfer, ACH bank transfer and SEPA.
OKEx Cryptocurrency Exchange
OKEx Cryptocurrency Exchange
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Cryptocurrency
WeChat
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146
cryptocurrencies

Listing over 100 cryptocurrencies, OKEx offers its users a variety of payment methods and coins to choose from.
Gate.io Cryptocurrency Exchange
Gate.io Cryptocurrency Exchange
Cryptocurrency
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36
cryptocurrencies

Bitit Cryptocurrency Marketplace
Bitit Cryptocurrency Marketplace
Cash
Credit card
Debit card
Neosurf
Bank transfer (SEPA)
EUR, USD, JPY, DKK, GBP, SEK, NOK, TRY & 5+ more

50
cryptocurrencies

Buy cryptocurrency with cash or credit card and get express delivery in as little as 10 minutes.
Bittrex Digital Currency Exchange
Bittrex Digital Currency Exchange
Cryptocurrency
Wire transfer
USD

235
cryptocurrencies

Buy from one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges with a selection of over 190+ cryptocurrencies and 3 USD pairings.
ShapeShift Cryptocurrency Exchange
ShapeShift Cryptocurrency Exchange
Cryptocurrency
-

51
cryptocurrencies

Quickly swap between more than 40 cryptocurrency assets or use your credit card to instantly buy bitcoin.
CoinBene Cryptocurrency Exchange
CoinBene Cryptocurrency Exchange
Cryptocurrency
-

50
cryptocurrencies

Hotbit Cryptocurrency Exchange
Hotbit Cryptocurrency Exchange
Cryptocurrency
-

50
cryptocurrencies

A multi-currency exchange with 150+ pairings that can be accessed through desktop as well as a mobile app.
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Compare up to 4 providers

¿En qué son diferentes bitcoin y Ethereum?

Una de las principales diferencias es que bitcoin tiene un suministro máximo de 21 millones de monedas, y nunca habrá más que esa cantidad de bitcoin en existencia. Se espera que alcance su límite alrededor del año 2140.

Mientras tanto, ETH tiene un suministro ilimitado, pero la creación de nuevas monedas está muy controlada para evitar que la inflación arruine el valor de la misma.

Otras de sus diferencias se reflejan en la forma en que ambas monedas han crecido con el tiempo, así como en los tokens y cadenas de bloques con los que cada una trabaja.

Por ejemplo, se está desarrollando un sistema llamado Rootstock como un “archivo adjunto” para la cadena de bloques de bitcoin. Si funciona, éste implementará la tecnología de contratos inteligentes a la cadena de bloques de bitcoin donde sea necesario.

Mientras tanto, Ethereum ha desarrollado su propio estándar de la industria, llamado ERC20. Esto es un conjunto de medidas para las criptomonedas, que permite mayor compatibilidad entre varios activos.

Estos estándares son muy útiles. Al igual que un tren debe ser lo suficientemente ancho para viajar en los rieles, las criptomonedas deben tener la programación exacta y correcta para entrar en las carteras y ser fácilmente transferibles.

Al implementar el estándar ERC20, las monedas pueden ser más utilizadas y volverse populares. Hasta ahora, muchos tokens ERC20 se han separado de Ethereum, y ha sido una de las principales fuentes de nuevas criptomonedas.

Precios: Bitcoin vs Ethereum

Bitcoin

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Updated: 01 Jun 2020 05:30:56 UTC

Ethereum

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Updated: 01 Jun 2020 05:30:57 UTC

Lo mismo pero diferente

Otros desarrollos futuros también están configurados para hacer que diferentes monedas sean más compatibles. Por ejemplo, los sistemas ShapeShift y Atomic Swap permiten intercambiar fácilmente una moneda por otra, sin necesidad de comprarlas o venderlas.

También hay planes de cadenas cruzadas en desarrollo. Éstas están diseñadas para permitir que las personas conecten diferentes cadenas de bloques y transfieran monedas entre ellas.

Bitcoin y Ethereum solían ser muy similares, y con el tiempo fueron cambiando. Actualmente, ambas comparten ciertas características y quizás puedan integrarse más fácilmente en el futuro.

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