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The Wilshire 5000, also called the FT Wilshire 5000 Index (FTW5000), is an index that tracks all US equities actively traded on the American Stock Exchange. This broad-based market index was named for its nearly 5,000 stocks when first launched in 1974 — but the index hasn’t held more than 5,000 companies since 2005. As of 2022, the index holds 3,569 stocks.
A stock must meet three criteria to be included in the Wilshire 5000:
To invest in the Wilshire 500, either purchase ETFs that track the total US market or buy individual stocks within the index. Here’s what you need to do.
The Wilshire 5000 is commonly used as a barometer for the US market. However, it tracks many more stocks than other indexes that are often referred to when assessing market performance, such as:
There are several versions of the Wilshire 5000:
Finally, there are also several other indexes in the Wilshire 5000 series:
The biggest stocks in the Wilshire 5000 by market cap are:
With over 3,500 stocks in the Wilshire 5000, investing in individual stocks in the index can be time-consuming and also incur plenty of brokerage fees. So if you want to diversify your portfolio, you may want to invest in a Wilshire 5000 fund. But few funds track this index, so investment opportunities are limited.
Wilshire offers a mutual fund that tracks the Wilshire 5000. Known as the Wilshire 5000 Index Investment Fund (WFIVX), it has an expense ratio of 0.62%. As of December 2022, the fund had net assets of $242 million.
Given the limited choice of Wilshire 5000 funds available, you may also want to consider investing in ETFs designed to track the total market. Check out the details of some popular total market ETFs in the table below.
|Ticker||ETF||Expense ratio||Net assets (as of December 2022)|
|ITOT||iShares Core S&P Total U.S. Stock Market ETF||0.03%||$39.52B|
|IWV||iShares Russell 3000 ETF||0.20%||$10.34B|
|SCHB||Schwab U.S. Broad Market ETF (SCHB)||0.03%||$20.1B|
|SWTSX||Schwab Total Stock Market Index||0.03%||$19.09B|
|VTHR||Vanguard Russell 3000 ETF||0.10%||$2.81B|
|VTI||Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF||0.03%||$1.15T|
|VTSAX||Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Admiral Shares||0.04%||$1.2T|
There are several reasons why you might want to invest in the Wilshire 5000:
There are a few risks to consider before you invest in the Wilshire 5000:
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