Today it’s possible to buy and sell stocks from India and other parts of the world through online share trading platforms, making it cheaper and easier than ever before. Learn how these online brokers work, how you can make money from stocks, what kinds of fees you’ll pay and what all that confusing terminology means in this guide.
Compare online brokers to trade stocks, ETFs and CFDs
Online share trading platforms make it cheaper and easier to buy and sell shares from India and overseas. You can use our stock broker comparison table below to compare fees and features and find the best deal for you.
How does online stock trading work?
In the pre-Internet era, the only way to buy or sell shares was by hiring a full-service stockbroker, which could be expensive and time consuming. Today, investors can buy and sell shares themselves through online trading platforms (aka online brokers).
Using an online platform is far cheaper than using full-service brokers. When you buy shares online, you’ll pay a brokerage fee for each transaction, which typically ranges from ₹0 to ₹20 for trades on Indian stock exchanges, as opposed to ₹35 or more for full-service brokers.
The standard trading hours for Indian stock exchanges like the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) and the BSE (formerly known as the Bombay Stock Exchange) are 09:15am to 3:30pm IST Monday to Friday, while other global exchanges keep similar hours. Along with shares, you can trade in index funds such as exchange traded funds (which track the performance of a range of stocks) and other products.
For a more detailed guide on the process of buying shares, take a look at our 6 step guide to buying shares online.
How do I choose the best online stock trading platform?
The best stock trading broker will be different for everybody and we all have different investment goals. When choosing an online share trading platform, consider the following:
- Broker fees. This is the fee that is charged every time you buy and sell shares. Brokers charge different fees depending on the product you’re trading (e.g. global shares, local shares, options), how often you trade in a month and the size of the trade.
- Monthly fees. Some broker’s charge ongoing subscription fees or additional inactivity fees if you don’t make any trades within a certain period of time. This may or may not suit you depending on your trading requirements.
- Advice and research options. Online brokers sometimes offer market news and updates, as well as other research tools that will let you investigate the trading history of individual stocks.
- Integration with bank accounts. Some services let you transfer money easily from your trading account to a transaction or savings account. Others offer linked debit cards to use with your accounts.
- Access to global markets. Not all brokers offer global shares. If you want to invest in offshore exchanges, such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), check what options are available with each service.
- Indian shares. Some online brokers only offer US shares. If Indian shares are important to you, check whether the broker offers access to the Indian stock exchanges like the NSE and the BSE.
- Foreign exchange fees. If you’re interested in trading global stocks, you’ll want to check what the foreign exchange (FX) fee is for converting your INR to the foreign currency of choice.
- Other trading options. Other products offered by some online brokers include forex, CFDs, managed funds and options trading.
- Customer support. Check what level of customer support is available, what hours it’s available and if the support team is based locally in India. This is particularly important for new traders.
Brokerage fee structures
While share trading accounts tend to highlight their lowest available brokerage fee, this is usually impacted by how often you trade and how much you trade. For example, some brokers charge higher fees if you make fewer trades. Or they may charge higher fees the higher the amount you’re investing.
Some accounts also have monthly inactivity fees if you don’t place any trades for a specific period of time. Other fees, such as the ‘custody’ fee for global brokers, is sometimes waived if you make a minimum number of trades in a year.
It also pays to consider that brokerage fees can change drastically depending on which market you’re purchasing stocks from.
Is my online broker safe?
Before you start downloading software, check whether the online broker has a good reputation and is a trusted provider in the community.
You can start by looking at some of our online reviews and doing a bit of research on user experience. Next, look at the team behind the platform. Ask, how long has it been offering online share trading services? Is it backed by a large bank or financial institution?
There are several other key details to look out for:
- Encryption. Reputable online trading platforms rely on encryption technology to protect your sensitive information. This means that when you log into a broker’s website, no one will be able to see any of the information transmitted between you and the broker.
- Login information. Check out what information you will need to provide in order to log in to your account. While many providers only ask for a username and password, others may ask you to enter an additional security code.
- Online checks. Does the provider offer online checks and restrictions to reduce the risk of fraud? For example, do you receive an SMS code that you will need to enter before trading, or do you need to answer an online security question?
- Previewing trades. When talking about online share trading security, it’s also important to check that there are measures in place to prevent you placing the wrong trade. For example, does the trading platform show you a preview screen outlining the full details of a transaction so you can review the total cost, total shares purchased etc before placing a trade?
- Processes for dealing with fraud. Next, check to see what will happen if you’re a victim of fraud via your trading account. Does the provider have processes in place to reimburse you for any losses you suffer through no fault of your own if you are the victim of fraud? Are there any exclusions to when this cover applies?
- Customer support. It’s vital that if something ever goes wrong with a trade or you have a problem with your account, you can quickly access assistance from a company representative. Check to see when and how you can get in touch with the customer support team.
How can I make money from shares?
There are two main ways to make money from share trading:
- Capital growth. If you can sell your shares for a higher price than what you paid for them you’ll make a profit. This is known as capital growth, given that your initial capital (your shares) has increased in value. This is possible both with short-term investments (where you sell the shares after a brief period of time) and over longer periods.
- Dividends. Some (but not all) companies pay regular dividends to their shareholders, based on the amount of profit they make, which can provide an ongoing income stream plus tax advantages for certain investors. Dividend payments are a great form of passive income and it means investors may never need to sell their shares in order to make a profit.
Tips for online share trading
Here’s some tips to help get you started:
- Read the news. It’s important to stay up-to-date with the broader economy, and learn how major events such as national elections impact the share price of various companies.
- Research companies before buying. If you want to buy shares in a company, research as much as you can about the company before making your final decision. It’s a good idea to read the company’s annual reports and meeting minutes to learn what’s in the pipe-line, and what changes will be made that could affect their share price.
- Up-skill. It can be easy to lose a lot of money by making a poor investment decision or by simply clicking on the wrong button if you don’t know what you’re doing. Practice trading on a demo account first and consider taking an online investment course.
- Consider blue chip companies. This is good strategy for people new to the share market, as blue-chip often have more stable returns, are less volatile and often pay dividends.
- Diversify. Say you had ₹1,00,000 to invest in the share market. Rather than invest it all in one company, consider spreading it out across a few companies from different industries. Diversification will help lower your risk, and ensure you don’t have all your eggs in the one basket.
Ask an expert: How do you pick the right stocks?
Chief market strategist, CMC
Many investors spend hours reading reports and studying charts to select the “right” share, only to disregard the most important factor – themselves. Every individual’s circumstances are unique. We all have different investment goals, amounts to invest, time frames, existing investments and risk appetites. All of these should be taken into account when selecting a stock.
An exciting new technology start up or a promising medical research group might suit an investor with a higher risk appetite and many years of investing ahead of them. On the other hand, an investor in or near retirement might prefer a more stable, well-known business that pays a reliable dividend. It’s up to you.
Risks of share trading
Before you start buying and selling shares, make sure you’re aware of all the risks involved, including:
- Financial loss. The biggest risk in share trading is there’s the possibility you could lose some or all of your investment if the company’s share price falls dramatically or if the company goes into liquidation.
- Company bankruptcy. If a company goes bust, shareholders are usually the last in line to be paid after creditors, meaning there’s very little chance there’ll be anything left for investors to take home.
- Emotional. Market fluctuations can be stressful for shareholders as they see their wealth rise and fall on a daily basis. This can also lead to poor decision-making where investors sell when share prices are low and buy when they’re high.
- Unexpected events. It’s impossible to predict what the future will hold for companies. Even the most secure companies can be negatively impacted by global events such as a pandemic, natural disasters, warfare or political changes.
- Lack of expertise. While buying shares is as easy as clicking a button these days, the truth is plenty of people lose money because they don’t fully understand what they’re doing. First-time investors should educate themselves and ease their way into stocks slowly.
How to protect your personal and financial information
- Watch out for scams. Just as online share trading technology has grown more sophisticated, so too have the methods used by scammers to trick people into giving up their account details
- Keep your login details safe. This is an obvious tip but one you should always remember. Never give your account login details to a third party, and don’t leave your computer unattended while you’re logged into your account.
- Keep a copy of your records. Keep a record of all your online share trading transactions. Your records could be in digital or hard-copy form, but should always be stored in a safe place. This will ensure that you have evidence to refer to if something goes wrong with your account or if you suspect you may have been a victim of fraud.
- Look after your computer. Make sure that you always keep your antivirus software up to date to protect your computer against malware and other viruses. In addition, check that you only ever log in to the trading platform via a secure Internet connection.
If you think you’ve been the victim of fraud or a scam, the first thing you should do is notify your online share broker immediately. You should also notify the police and provide full details of what happened. You can also report online stockbroking scams to the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
Finally, remember to take steps to protect yourself against any further loss. Change your password on your share trading account and on any linked bank accounts. Also make sure to update your antivirus software to protect yourself against any further cybercrime.
Share trading glossary – learn the key share trading terms and what they mean
- NSE: The abbreviation for the National Stock Exchange of India, one of the two primary stock exchanges in India
- BSE: Formerly known as the Bombay Stock Exchange, one of the two primary stock exchanges in India
- Nifty 50: This is an index of the performance of the share prices of 50 of the largest Indian companies listed on the NSE
- BSE Sensex: This is an index of the performance of the share prices of 30 of the largest Indian companies listed on the BSE
- Bear market: This term refers to when prices on the market are falling and further falls are expected to occur
- Blue chip stock: A blue chip stock is a large company with a steady history of turning a profit
- Brokerage fee: This is the fee you must pay to a share trading platform when you use the platform to buy or sell shares
- Bull market: Opposite to a bear market. This term applies when share market prices are rising and expected to continue to rise
- Contract note: This confirms a buy or sell transaction and includes details such as the type of share, the price paid and the quantity traded
- Dividend: Companies can distribute their profits or earnings to shareholders in the form of dividends. A dividend is calculated as a number of cents for each share you own
- Float: The initial raising of capital through public subscription to a security
- Fundamental analysis: This involves analysing the financial statements of a business to determine its overall financial standing
- Futures: Futures are contracts to buy or sell an asset at a specified future date
- Limit order: A limit order specifies the maximum (when buying) or minimum (when selling) price you are willing to accept for a share transaction
- Listed company: Listed companies have shares that are purchased and sold through the ASX
- Live price: This is the price of a share at a precise moment in time
- Market order: A market order is an order to buy or sell a share at its current market price
- Short selling: This is when you borrow a security and subsequently sell it, with the obligation to buy it back in future at a much lower price
- Volatility: This reflects the amount of fluctuation in share prices
- Warrant: This gives its holder the right to purchase a security at within a certain timeframe and at a specific price
- Yield: This is your return on an investment and is expressed as a percentage
Disclaimer: This information should not be interpreted as an endorsement of futures, stocks, ETFs, CFDs, options or any specific provider, service or offering. It should not be relied upon as investment advice or construed as providing recommendations of any kind. Futures, stocks, ETFs and options trading involves substantial risk of loss and therefore are not appropriate for all investors. Trading CFDs and forex on leverage comes with a higher risk of losing money rapidly. Past performance is not an indication of future results. Consider your own circumstances, and obtain your own advice, before making any trades.