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India’s penny stocks

Which penny stocks are listed on the Indian stock markets and should you invest?

The term penny stocks is more commonly used overseas in the US, UK or Europe, but you could have also heard the phrase in India too. So what are they?

What are penny stocks?

Penny stocks is a loose name for cheap, low-priced shares of small, often newly listed companies.

There are a few different ways to define India’s penny stocks. Some definitions say it’s listed companies with a market cap of less than ₹5,000 crore, which is why in India penny stocks are also commonly referred to as small-cap stocks.

Another definition is stocks with a share price of less than ₹10. However, this is also a rather vague definition as some penny stocks have share prices that go way higher than ₹10.

Investors are often attracted to penny stocks for their cheap prices and potential growth opportunities, though there are risks involved with penny stocks, too.

How to identify penny stocks?

Some of the typical characteristics of a penny stock include:

    • Small company
    • Market cap below ₹5,000 crore
    • Newer company recently listed
    • Share price below ₹10
    • Limited financial track record
    • Doesn’t pay dividends

List of India’s penny stocks

Company nameStock symbolCurrent market price (in ₹)Total market cap (in ₹ crore)Industry
Bank of MaharashtraMAHABANK25.8516,826.12Public Sector Bank
Dish TV India LtdDISHTV15.252,798.70TV Boradcasting and Software Production
HBL Power Systems LtdHBLPOWER47.351,312.52Power Equipment
HFCL LtdHFCL52.806,845.73Telecom – Infrastructure
Indian Overseas BankIOB20.6033,531.46Public Sector Bank
Jammu & Kashmir Bank LtdJ&KBANK30.552,186.73Public Sector Bank
Manali Petrochemicals LtdMANALIPETC79.601,362.23Petrochemicals
Morepen Laboratories LtdMOREPENLAB66.002,914.87Pharmaceuticals
National Fertilizers LtdNFL69.853,340.84Fertilisers
NHPC LtdNHPC27.0026,719.79Power
Rail Vikas Nigam LtdRVNL32.406,640.79Engineering – Designing – Construction
Trident LtdTRIDENT16.558,535.73Other Textile Products
Ujjivan Small Finance Bank LtdUJJIVANSFB32.505,565.17Other Bank
Vodafone Idea LtdIDEA9.5527,585.97Telecom – Services
Yes Bank LtdYESBANK14.0034,575.77Private Sector Bank

Note: These are some examples of Indian penny stocks listed on the NSE. This list is not an exhaustive list nor is it a recommendation for any of the stocks mentioned. The current market prices are updated as of 16 June 2021.

Pros and cons of penny stocks

Here are some of the benefits and risks of investing in small-cap Indian penny stocks:


  • Low prices. Because they’re low priced, investors can hold a diversified portfolio of penny stock companies without needing to spend as much as they typically would.
  • Growth opportunity. Small-cap, newly listed companies can often present great growth opportunities if you pick the right ones. However it could be a bumpy ride to the top.
  • Thrilling. Penny stocks often see their share prices change significantly in little time, which can be exciting and thrilling for investors with a high risk tolerance.
  • Day trading. Because of their large price swings, penny stocks are often used by active day traders.


  • High risk. Penny stocks are very high-risk investments compared to other listed companies and ETFs with a longer financial track record. Not all companies that list on an exchange do well and a lot of penny stocks never become anything more than a penny stock.
  • Very volatile. Penny stocks often experience extreme share price highs and lows within a matter of days (or even within the same day).
  • No income. Penny stocks rarely pay any dividends, as all revenue is usually reinvested back into the company to help it grow.

Penny stocks versus blue chip stocks

On the opposite side of the scale to penny stocks are blue chip stocks. In comparison to penny stocks, blue chip stocks are large listed companies that have been around for a long time and have a long, stable financial track record.

Some of India’s biggest and most well-known companies are considered blue chip stocks, such as Tata Consultancy Services Ltd (TCS), HDFC Bank Ltd (HDFCBANK), Infosys Ltd (INFY) and ITC Ltd (ITC).

While penny stocks in most cases pay no dividends, blue chips stocks almost always do.

Should you invest in penny stocks?

You could consider investing in penny stocks if:

  • You have a high risk tolerance
  • You’re an experienced investor
  • You’re willing to cut your losses if the share price falls significantly
  • You have a long investment time frame and are willing to ride out the volatility
  • You’re happy to take a bit of a “gamble”

Tips for investors considering buying penny stocks

If you’re keen to invest in Indian penny stocks, here are some tips to help you get started.

Do your research

This is important for all investments, but particularly higher-risk investments like penny stocks. Blue chip stocks are, by their nature, lower-risk options as they’ve got a long history of strong financial performance.

Plan a strategy and stick to it

Before you start buying, decide which penny stocks you’re going to invest in and how much you’re going to invest in each one. It’s also important to decide what price you’d sell at if the shares were to fall and stick to it to avoid the “I’ll just hold a little longer and see if the price jumps back up” mentality. The same applies for gains.

Don’t make emotional decisions

It can be easy to get emotionally attached to a penny stock, as they’re often the underdogs in your portfolio. So when their share price falls and falls some more, you can find yourself making excuses as to why you should keep holding. This is why it’s important to make a strategy, so you leave the emotions out of it.

Don’t get sucked in by the “cheap” prices

Penny stocks may appear to be cheap in comparison to other shares listed on Indian stock exchanges like the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) and the BSE (formerly known as the Bombay Stock Exchange), but don’t base your investment decision purely on this. One factor that influences a company’s share price is the demand for its shares. The less demand from investors, the lower the share price. So some penny stocks may appear to be cheap, but you need to ask yourself why this is.

How to buy penny stocks in India

  1. Choose a share trading platform. If you’re a beginner, our table below can help you choose.
  2. Open your demat and trading account. You’ll need your ID, bank details and Permanent Account Number (PAN).
  3. Confirm your payment details. You’ll need to fund your account through RTGS/NEFT/IMPS transfer, Internet banking or debit card.
  4. Find the shares you want to buy. Search the platform and buy your shares. It’s that simple.

Compare share trading platforms to buy penny stocks

Name Product Number of stocks CFDs Shares Available Markets Link
Axis Direct
All NSE/BSE listed stocks
Go to site
More info
Get brokerage cashback of up to Rs 500 on trades done online through Axis Direct website, Swift Trade, or Mobile app.
All NSE/BSE listed stocks
Go to site
More info
Saxo Bank
Go to site
CFD service. Your capital is at risk.
More info
CFD Service. Your capital is at risk.
Zacks Trade
Zacks Trade
Access to global markets
Go to site
Go to site
CFD service. Your capital is at risk.
More info
CFD Service. Your capital is at risk.

Compare up to 4 providers

Disclaimer: This information should not be interpreted as an endorsement of futures, stocks, ETFs, CFDs, options or any specific provider, service or offering. It should not be relied upon as investment advice or construed as providing recommendations of any kind. Futures, stocks, ETFs and options trading involves substantial risk of loss and therefore are not appropriate for all investors. Trading CFDs and forex on leverage comes with a higher risk of losing money rapidly. Past performance is not an indication of future results. Consider your own circumstances, and obtain your own advice, before making any trades.

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