Decred (DCR) is a community-focused cryptocurrency token. You can think of it as a generic, decentralised blockchain that has evolved over time through direction from its community.
Its main features are user-friendliness, flexibility and a democratic approach to ongoing development. This comes together in a blockchain that can be efficiently upgraded in line with its community needs.
- User-friendliness. It’s simple enough that anyone can mine and use the cryptocurrency.
- Flexibility. Dual proof-of-stake and proof-of-work mining algorithms let a wider variety of users participate in network maintenance, earning DCR when they do.
- Democratic. Users get voting rights in the decentralised network, and their decisions help drive its development. The network can change quickly and automatically in line with its community desires.
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Where to buy DCR in Hong Kong
How does Decred work?
The main goal of Decred is to solve blockchain governance and allow for the seamless transition to different sets of rules as needed. Its core features include the following:
- A hybrid proof-of-work and proof-of-stake consensus voting system
- A transparent public proposal platform
- Smart contract functionality
- Cross-chain atomic-swap functionality
- Cross-platform wallets
Decred aims to wrap up all of the features with a relatively user-friendly layout to let more people take full advantage of blockchain technologies.
But the main feature might be a kind of “automated democracy” that lets the Decred blockchain seamlessly introduce hard forks in line with its community desires.
How voting on Decred works, and why it matters
Blockchains upgrade with forks. These involve introducing a new set of rules to the network and having the blockchain continue along the new rules rather than the old.
Forks are often problematic, with different segments of the community arguing for and against them to decide the future of the currency. In Decred, they can be near-automatically implemented and voted on, allowing for efficient system upgrades.
First, a change is introduced for voting and potential implementation. From there, operators who are in favour of the changes can upgrade their systems. Once a majority of users have installed the upgrades in preparation, the change itself is put to the vote.
Voting is conducted through a ticket system. Users can buy vote tickets, and set them to vote whichever way they want when the time comes. If it’s a yes, a hard fork will be automatically implemented, and the previously installed upgrades will kick into action.
The end result is an almost fully-automated democracy.
Other than true decentralisation, Decred also lets its users join mining pools with a relatively low barrier to entry.
They can join a proof-of-work pool in order to be given mining tokens relative to the hashing power they contribute to mining each block or a proof-of-stake pool to help amplify their current DCR stake.
- Proof of work: This uses sheer processing power to generate new Decred tokens and to validate transactions.
- Proof of stake: This uses one’s existing stake of DCR to validate transactions and to allow voting on network development matters.
The majority of users will operate these by joining groups and pooling their resources in order to earn worthwhile rewards with a low barrier to entry.
Developers can also earn Decred since a portion of newly generated coins is set aside for community developers to earn by implementing wanted features.
These groups, alongside the hybrid mining system, mean Decred is more likely to stay decentralised in the future and prevent a small group from dominating the future direction of the currency.
In the future, Decred has plans to decentralise further by offering the following features:
- Hard fork voting to allow for more substantial changes
- A stakeholder-directed DAO (decentralised autonomous organisation) to let DCR owners vote on matters other than technical changes
- Lightning network support
- Ongoing UI and design changes
- Enhanced privacy features
- Payment integration
What are the considerations before buying DCR?
True decentralisation without hurting functionality is one of the trickier challenges for cryptocurrencies to overcome. In the long run, a lack of community support for developer changes and “executive decisions” by a relatively small group of people can be a coin’s undoing. Having an effective way of preventing this issue might help Decred last well into the future.
Its community development might also help Decred stay further ahead of the competition for longer and more quickly implement desirable new features. Because it’s entirely community driven, it can draw on a much wider pool of developers (and pay them for their work) than a more closed cryptocurrency.
It manages to do this with almost no risk of accidentally implementing a poorly designed change. All the code is open source, and experienced users will actually need to carefully look at, and install, changes before the network can upgrade to them.
Overall Decred has created an incredibly effective way of leveraging the real benefits of a decentralised community.
On the other hand, true decentralisation won’t necessarily be enough to assure Decred’s longevity, and its user-friendliness might also hit a wall at some point as cryptocurrencies become more normalised.
Decred might be one of the most decentralised and democratic currencies out there, and it’s also a very friendly option for individuals who want to join mining pools, but other than that, it might not excel in any particular areas.
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volatile and sensitive to secondary activity. Performance is unpredictable and past performance is no guarantee of
future performance. Consider your own circumstances, and obtain your own advice, before relying on this information.
You should also verify the nature of any product or service (including its legal status and relevant regulatory
requirements) and consult the relevant Regulators' websites before making any decision. Finder, or the author, may
have holdings in the cryptocurrencies discussed.