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Ireland travel guide

From heart-stopping cliffsides to breathtaking back roads, experience everything the Emerald Isle has to offer.

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A winding road accessing the old pier along Dingle peninsula at sunset in Ireland

Rolling verdant hillsides, ancient castles and sparkling lochs – Ireland is astounding, romantic and steeped in history. The towns are charming, as are the people, who have perfected the art of cozying up next to a crackling fire on dreary winter days.

If you’re lucky you might be blessed with unfiltered sunshine. If not, you’ll get to experience a whale of a time hopping between museums and pubs.

As the Gaelic saying goes, Go n-éirí an bóthar leat : may the road rise up to meet you; may your journey be easy and smooth.

Find a cheap flight to Ireland

Is Ireland two countries?

Yes! The south part of Ireland—today known as the Republic of Ireland—succeeded from the UK after the War of Independence in 1922. The northeastern tip—aptly referred to as Northern Ireland—decided to remain part of the UK.

How does that affect modern day travelers?

While Northern Ireland uses pounds, the Republic of Ireland uses Euros. The public transportation systems are split, and while road signs in Northern Ireland indicate miles per hour, you’ll see kilometers listed in the Republic of Ireland.

Currently, the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland is hardly discernible and it’s not likely that your passport will be checked. But all that might change depending on the outcome of upcoming Brexit discussions.

Public transportation in Ireland

Since Ireland itself is two separate countries, public transportation can seem confusing. While the Republic of Ireland uses euros, Northern Ireland uses pounds.

The good news is, there’s no need to be overwhelmed — use the National Journey Planner to plan trips throughout the island. You can plot routes online or through the app. It’ll give you the most efficient routes from point A to point B — including instances where walking or cycling is more ideal than motor vehicles.

Still, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland each have their own transportation services. Here’s what you need to know:

Public transportation in The Republic of Ireland

The Republic of Ireland uses a combination of trains, trams and buses to link the region — including the cities of Dublin and Cork. All modes of transport are above ground. Your options include:

  • Dublin Bus. 136 routes within the city of Dublin.
  • Luas. Tram/light rail system around and within Dublin.
  • Dublin Suburban Rail. Trains connecting outlying suburbs to the heart of Dublin.
  • Bus Éireann. Cross-country transport around The Republic of Ireland.
  • DART (Dublin Area Rapid Transit). A commuter rail serving Dublin and the surrounding coastline.

The Leap Visitor Card.

Get unlimited access to Airlink, Dublin Bus, Go-Ahead Ireland routes (only in Dublin), Luas, DART and the Suburban Rail with a Leap Visitor Card. You can purchase one online (it’ll be mailed to your house), at the airport or from agents in Dublin. Rates are as follows:

  • 1 day (24 hours) — €10.00
  • 3 days (72 hours) — €19.50
  • 7 days (168 hours) — €40.00

Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland, which is on the same island but technically part of the UK, is connected by Translink. A public corporation, Translink operates the following methods of mass transit:

  • Ulsterbus. 22 bus stations operating around Northern Ireland. Goldline buses are the inter-city coaches that connect cities and towns.
  • Belfast’s Metro bus. The bus company offering transport around Belfast.

Fare on Translink buses and trains is determined by the time of day and how many “zones” you move through. A single adult fare for a trip through just one zone costs $3; a ride through 3 zones costs $5.75. Budget travelers should visit the Translink website to calculate fares in advance, based on where you’re going.

iLink smart card.

Get unlimited access to Translink routes with an iLink card. Top it off at a station or at an eligible kiosk. iLink cards are most similar to NYC MetroCards in that they’re reloadable and make it easy and convenient to board buses and trains with just a swipe.

Getting to and from the airport

  • Dublin airport (DUB). The Dublin Bus has frequent routes between the city center and Dublin Airport on the 41 or 16. Buses pick up passengers outside the Terminal 1 exit and can be paid for using a Leap card or exact cash. Fare prices vary depending on where you board, but shouldn’t be more than €3.80 one way (about $4.20).
  • Cork International Airport (ORK). Catch the 226 bus in front of the terminal building to Parnell Place Bus Station in Cork City, which is where buses that travel throughout Ireland depart from. A single adult ticket costs €2.80 (about $3).
  • Belfast International Airport (BFS). The Airport Express 300 bus departs opposite the exit of the terminal. Tickets can be purchased from the driver or at the tourist information desk in the airport for £8 into Belfast (about $10).
  • Airport transfers.Get into the city or to the airport with ease from Dublin or Belfast when you book an airport transfer in advance.

Trains in Ireland

With Irish rail journeys across the country taking just a few hours in any direction from Dublin, most train journeys are short and sweet in Ireland.

Eurail offers an Ireland rail pass, which also gives you a 30% discount on Irish Ferries and Stena Line, which can get you to Wales.

Taxis and Uber in Ireland

Uber isn’t as prevalent in Ireland as it is in the US; in fact, you’ll only find it in Dublin and Belfast.

Since the transportation industry is heavily regulated by the government, private drivers aren’t allowed to drive with Uber. This means that when you order an Uber in Ireland, you’ll actually be catching a ride with a licensed taxi or limousine driver.

Among locals, hailing a taxi via an app is much more common than using Uber. You’ll likely have better luck getting picked up using either mytaxi or Lynk taxi service apps.

Ireland car rental companies

If you’re driving through the countryside or between regions, renting a car lends a front-row seat to seaside cliffs and mammoth limestone formations. The following rental companies set up shop at Ireland’s airports:

Dublin Airport

Belfast International Airport

Frequently asked questions

Traveling during COVID-19
The CDC advises postponing travel to protect yourself and your family from getting or spreading COVID-19. If you plan to travel during the pandemic, monitor the risk assessment levels for your destination when planning your trip, before departure and on arrival. Follow safety measures that include wearing a mask in public, social distancing and washing your hands. If you are diagnosed with, have symptoms of or are waiting for test results for COVID-19 — or are otherwise at risk of illness — do not attend gatherings or travel for 14 days.

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