Jumbo loans enable you to borrow much more than conventional loans. But they can be more difficult to qualify for and typically come with higher interest rates.
What’s the difference between a jumbo and conventional loan?
Conventional loans differ from jumbo loans in key ways that include how they’re backed and how much property you can buy with them.
|Conventional loan||Jumbo loan|
|Maximum loan amounts||$822,375 and up to $822,375 in high-cost areas||$3 million|
|Credit score||No set minimum, but most lenders look for a FICO score of at least 620.||At least 680, with most lenders requiring 700 to 720|
|Interest rates||Generally 3.75% to 4.89%||Generally 0.5% to 1.5% higher than a conventional loan|
|Minimum down payment||As low as 3%||As low as 10% but typically at least 20%|
Learn more about Conventional loans
Learn more about Jumbo loans
Maximum loan amounts
A typical conventional loan backed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac caps at $510,400, but can go as high as $765,600 in high-cost areas. A jumbo loan’s maximum amount is $3 million.
Credit score requirements
Most lenders require at least a 620 FICO score to qualify for a conventional loan, but jumbo loans can be tougher to qualify for. Some lenders will consider a FICO score of 680, but you’ll more likely need a score between 700 and 720 to be considered for a jumbo loan.
Interest rates for conventional loans are affected by market conditions and can be negotiated with your lender, but tend to range from 3.75% to 4.89%. Jumbo loan rates typically are from 0.5% to 1.5% higher than what you could get on a conventional loan.
A conventional loan requires private mortgage insurance (PMI) if you can’t come up with a 20% down payment, but if you’re willing to pay PMI, the minimum you’ll need is 3%.
Compare mortgage lenders and brokersCompare these lenders and lender marketplaces by the type of home loan you're searching for, state availability and minimum credit score (for a conventional loan). Select See rates to provide the company with basic property and financial details for personalized rates.
Jumbo loans offer one convenient payment for luxury or high-value properties. Sometimes it’s worth having one house payment without juggling multiple mortgages. However, a conventional loan typically comes with less stringent requirements and can offer stronger rates.
If your credit score is lower than 650 or you’re on the cusp of the conventional loan limit, it may be worth piggybacking loans or multiple mortgages. By splitting your loan amount among multiple lenders, you can circumvent some of the strict requirements of a jumbo loan.
As with any major purchase, shop around and weigh your options when deciding whether take out a mortgage.
Frequently asked questions
More guides on Finder
TD Bank home equity review
Choose from several options, but beware of this lender’s fees and poor reviews.
Third Federal Savings & Loan home equity review
Get a low rate guarantee, but you won’t know if you’re eligible until you apply.
PenFed Credit Union home equity review
Get a line of credit with low closing costs — but you can’t apply online.
BECU home equity review
Get fixed- and variable-rate options in a HELOC, if you qualify for membership.
Bank of the West home equity review
Offers reduced-rate, no-closing-cost HELOCs, but only in specific states.
Union Bank home equity review
Offers no annual fee, discounted HELOCs — but locations are limited.
KeyBank home equity review
Offers reduced-rate home equity products, but it’s only available in select states.
Flagstar Bank home equity review
Get a loan or line of credit with no closing costs from this regional bank.
Citizens Bank home equity review
Tap your equity without paying closing costs or fees.
PNC HELOC review
PNC’s only home equity option lets you flip between fixed and adjustable rates.
Ask an Expert