Are Canada’s most dangerous jobs really worth the risk?

21 Aug 2018

Key Findings

Have you ever thought about how dangerous your industry is? Or how it compares to others? And are you compensated for that risk?

Many Canadians risk their lives every day by earning a living, and it might not be the cliché jobs that you’d expect. While logging and forestry is the most dangerous industry in Canada, the communications and utilities, as well as government services industries, weren’t far behind.

But are these dangerous jobs really worth the risk?

We’ve crunched the numbers to calculate the Finder Job Score that takes into account the level of danger and average salary for each industry. In other words, the risk and reward involved with taking a more lucrative career path. We then ranked each industry based on this score to determine which jobs had the highest risk for the lowest reward, or conversely, the highest reward for the lowest risk.

Make sure you consult this list the next time you consider a career move. It could save you a world of hurt (literally!).

Finder Canada’s Job Score

The Finder Canada Job Score was developed by calculating the proportion of people injured and the proportion of fatalities for each industry. We then combined these figures for each job (Danger Score).

The average weekly wage for each industry was then compared against the Danger Score to create the Finder Canada Job Score. The greater the Job Score, the higher the reward for the least amount of risk.

For example, the finance and insurance industry’s Job Score topped the list at 210 points. On the flip side, logging and forestry industry scored the lowest on the scale with 2.2 points.

We ranked the industries to find the best and worst jobs in terms of risk and reward.

Here’s how the industries scored:

(List ranked by Finder Job Score)

Ranking Industry Average weekly wage Finder Danger Score Finder Job Score
1 Finance and insurance $1,260 6 210
2 Real estate operators and insurance agents $969 52 18.5
3 Business services $1,727 100 17.4
4 Educational services $1,017 67 15.2
5 Mining, quarrying and oil wells $2,039 276 7.4
6 Wholesale trade $1,156 188 6.1
7 Other services $787 155 5.1
8 Agriculture and related services $881 185 4.8
9 Health and social services $866 195 4.5
10 Fishing and trapping $1,274 297 4.3
11 Communication and other utilities $1,737 412 4.2
12 Manufacturing $1,089 280 3.9
13 Retail trade $562 145 3.9
14 Transportation and storage $1,015 264 3.8
15 Public administration $1,234 333 3.7
16 Construction $1,217 332 3.7
17 Accommodation, food and beverage services $371 131 2.8
18 Logging and forestry 1,109 504 2.2

Sources: finder.com, Government of Canada, Statistics Canada, Average weekly earnings. Where salary data was not available on Statistics Canada for the categories ‘Agriculture’, ‘Fishing and trapping’ and ‘Business services’, this data was found from salary finder Neuvoo.

Let’s break it down…

Worth the risk: Top 3 industries

1. Finance and insurance

The finance and insurance industry could be considered the cream of the crop, with an average weekly wage of $1,260 and a Danger Score of just 6 – making it the best choice for least danger and highest reward. The industry earnt a Finder Canada Job Score of 210. This is due to no fatalities recorded for the year of 2016, and just 506 injury claims, which is 0.06% of all workers in this industry.

2. Real estate operators and insurance agents

Real estate operators and insurance agents earn an average wage of $969 per week. There were no recorded fatalities for the year 2016 in this industry, and with just 1,669 claims, this is just 0.52% of all people in this industry. The industry landed on a Finder Canada Job Score of 18.5.

3. Business services

Business services comes in third, with an average weekly wage of $1,727. However with 9 recorded fatalities and nearly 7 thousand claims (6,728) , the industry earnt a Danger Score of 100. Overall, the Finder Job Score for risk versus reward came in at 17.4.

21 Aug 2018

The bottom 3 industries

1. Logging and forestry

Logging and forestry ranked last, with a Finder Job Score of just 2.2. While these jobs can yield an average weekly wage of $1,109, the industry is the most dangerous of the jobs listed with a Danger Score of 504. This is due to 11 recorded fatalities in the year 2016, which amounts to 0.0229% of all workers in the industry. This is combined with 1,324 claims (2.75% of all logging and forestry workers), making it the most dangerous, and the least rewarding job, of all industries listed.

2. Accommodation, food and beverage services

Accommodation, food and beverage services comes in as the second worst industry overall, with a Danger Score of 131 and a weekly wage of just $371. There were 6 recorded fatalities for this industry and over 15 thousand claims (15,316), which amounts to 0.0005% and 1.26% of all workers in the industry, respectively. While not an extremely high risk industry, the relatively low wages yield this industry a final Finder Job Score of 2.8.

3. Construction

Construction is the third most dangerous industry to work in. The industry has a relatively high Danger Score of 332, due to 203 recorded fatalities for the year 2016 and over 25 thousand claims (25,645). This is paired with an average weekly wage of $1,217, yielding a Finder Job Score of just 3.7.

Danger Score

The Danger Score was calculated by first finding the proportion of fatalities against the total number of people in each industry. We repeated this process for the number of claims, creating individual proportions for both.

To account for a difference in significance for fatalities and injury claims, where fatalities represent a more significant risk of danger than injuries, we multiplied the proportion of fatalities by 1 million and the proportion of claims by just 10,000. This determined an individual claims and fatalities score for each. We then summed these figures together, arriving at our Danger Score.

Using this methodology, the Logging and Forestry industry has a Danger Score of a whopping 504 points, the highest of all industries. To compare, Finance and Insurance landed at a Danger Score of just 6.

Here’s how the industries scored:

(List ranked by Danger Score)

Ranking Industry Number of claims Number of fatalities Number of people Danger Score
1 Finance and insurance 506 0 808,100 6
2 Real estate operators and insurance agents 1,669 0 319,000 52
3 Educational services 7,188 13 1,270,000 67
4 Business services 6,728 9 766,400 100
5 Accommodation, food and beverage services 15,316 6 1,212,700 131
6 Retail trade 26,924 30 2,067,800 145
7 Other services 9,279 27 774,900 155
8 Agriculture and related services 3,862 15 289,200 185
9 Wholesale trade 10,363 24 678,100 188
10 Health and social services 43,836 17 2,339,300 195
11 Transportation and storage 15,756 82 907,400 264
12 Mining, quarrying and oil wells 1,772 55 263,800 276
13 Manufacturing 33,084 144 1,694,800 280
14 Fishing and trapping 443 0 15,000 297
15 Construction 25,645 203 1,385,000 332
16 Government services 15,072 158 927,300 333
17 Communication and other utilities 4,159 15 137,000 412
18 Logging and forestry 1,324 11 48,100 504

Sources: finder.com, Association of Worker’s Compensation Boards of Canada

Methodology

To conduct this research, we did the following:

Danger score:
Combined the claims score to the fatalities score for the total danger score.

Claims score:
Using data for the year 2016 from the Association of Worker’s Compensation Boards of Canada (number of claims) and Statistics Canada Statistics Canada (number of people per industry), we divided the number of claims by the number of people in the industry to calculate the proportion of each industry who have made claims.
Multiplied the proportion of claims by 10,000 for the claims score.

Fatalities score:
Using data for the year 2016 from the Association of Worker’s Compensation Boards of Canada (number of fatalities) and Statistics Canada (number of people per industry), we divided the number of fatalities by the number of people in the industry to calculate the proportion of each industry who have had fatalities.
Multiplied the proportion of fatalities by 1 million for the fatalities score.
We multiplied claims and fatalities by 10,000 and 1 million respectively, to account for the varying weight in seriousness of the two types of incidents.

Finder Job Score:
Divided each industry’s weekly wage by its danger score for the Finder job Score.
Ranked each industry by its Finder Job Score score.

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