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Accidental death and dismemberment insurance (AD&D)
A policy can protect your family if you're in an accident — but not if you get sick.
Accidental death insurance can help provide for your loved ones if you’re injured in an accident. But if you want to make sure your family is covered no matter what happens to you, you may be better off with a traditional life insurance policy.
What's in this guide?
- What is AD&D insurance?
- When does AD&D pay out?
- How common are accidental deaths?
- How is accidental death insurance different from life insurance?
- How are premiums determined?
- What should I look for in a policy?
- When am I not covered?
- Compare policies with accidental death insurance
- Bottom line
- Frequently asked questions
What is AD&D insurance?
AD&D insurance is made up of two types of coverage: an accidental death policy that pays out a lump sum to your beneficiaries if you die in an accident, and a dismemberment policy that pays out if lose a limb, finger or toe in an accident.
While AD&D insurance pays out if you die or are seriously injured in an accident, it won’t pay if you die from an illness, disease or underlying medical condition.
What’s an AD&D rider?
Along with offering standalone policies, many insurers allow you to add an AD&D rider to your life insurance coverage for a fee. With this rider, your beneficiaries will receive an additional payout if you die in an accident as specified in the policy. And if you lose a limb or digit as a result of a covered accident, you’ll receive a payment while you’re still alive.
When does AD&D pay out?
Typically, AD&D policies only kick in if you’re killed or injured in an accident. But if you’re injured, you may only receive part of the full benefit.
Say you lose an arm in an accident. You might get 50% of your policy’s proceeds. If you lose a thumb, you could get 25%. The exact payouts vary between providers, and will be listed in your policy.
|Does AD&D apply?|
|Death from an accident, like a car crash|
|Loss of sight, hearing or a limb due to an accident|
|Loss of a hand, foot, fingers or toes due to an accident|
|Loss of two limbs|
|Quadriplegia as the result of an accident|
|Paraplegia as the result of an accident|
|Death due to disease or illness|
|Death caused by a drug overdose|
|Death by suicide|
How common are accidental deaths?
According to the CDC, people between the age of 25 and 34 are at the highest risk for dying from an accident, closely followed by people in the 45–54 range.
|Accidents||Number of deaths in 2016|
|Hanging, strangulation and suffocation||6,610|
|Exposure to smoke, fire and flames||2,730|
Source: National Vital Statistics Report Volume 67, Number 5 (published July 2018)
How is accidental death insurance different from life insurance?
Though life insurance will cover dying in an accident, it can also pay out if the insured is diagnosed with a terminal illness or dies from a disease or medical cause. It’s generally more expensive than accidental death insurance, but your family will be taken care of no matter how you die. Since the coverage is more comprehensive, life insurance is more expensive than AD&D insurance.
Along with being cheaper, accidental death insurance is easier to qualify for, making it a popular option for people who aren’t eligible for a life insurance policy. The application is simpler, too. You won’t need to take a medical exam, and some providers can even offer same-day coverage.
AD&D insurance vs. disability insurance
Disability insurance replaces a percentage of your income if you become fully or partially disabled and can no longer work. The key difference between the two types of coverage is that disability insurance covers illness as well as injury. Given that illness is the major cause of disability, a disability policy is likely to apply to more situations than an AD&D policy.
AD&D insurance vs. accident insurance
Accident coverage is a component of AD&D insurance, but you can also purchase a standalone policy with less restrictions. Also known as “personal accident insurance” or “supplemental accident insurance,” this policy pays out a lump sum if you die or get injured in an accident — even if the injury isn’t serious. To compare, an AD&D insurance only pays out if you sustain a serious injury or die in an accident.
While accident insurance can provide protection, the benefit limits are typically low. In most cases, you’re better off purchasing health insurance or disability insurance to safeguard yourself in case of an accident.
How are premiums determined?
Your premiums will be based on how likely you are to die in an accident. Your insurer will factor in your:
- Age. Some age groups are statistically more likely to die in an accident.
- Gender. Men will generally have higher premiums.
- Occupation. Applicants with high-risk occupations will likely pay more for insurance.
- Hobbies. People with high-risk hobbies, like motorcycle riding and rock climbing, will typically pay more.
- Policy. The amount you’re insured for, how often you make payments and what benefits your plan offers will all affect your premiums.
What should I look for in a policy?
These are the key features to look for when comparing policies:
- Benefit amount. Decide how much coverage you need and look for a company that issues policies with that face value.
- Guaranteed acceptance. Many insurers will allow you to skip both the medical exam and health questionnaire.
- Guaranteed renewable. Some policies guarantee that you’ll be eligible for renewal if you make your payments on time.
- Worldwide coverage. Look for a policy that covers you anywhere in the world so that your loved ones will be protected if you’re in an accident while traveling.
- Car accident benefit. Some policies will pay an additional amount if the policyholder dies as a result of a car accident in which they were wearing a seat belt.
- Indexation. Look for a policy with a benefit that increases each year to keep up with inflation.
- Discounts. Some companies will offer a discount if you take out joint coverage with a spouse, increase your level of coverage or bundle it with your other insurance policies from the same company.
When am I not covered?
Exclusions will vary from policy to policy, so read the policy documents carefully before signing. Common exclusions include death or dismemberment by:
- War, hostilities or civil unrest
- Bungee jumping or skydiving
- Drunk driving
- Drug-impaired driving
- Complications from surgery
- Drug overdoses
- Accidents while engaging in an illegal act
- Accidents while participating or training in professional sports
To collect the death benefit, your beneficiaries will need to prove that a) your death was directly caused by an accident and b) occurred within a certain timeframe after the accident. The limit is usually three months.
Compare policies with accidental death insurance
Accidental death insurance can provide peace of mind for people who don’t qualify for or can’t afford traditional life insurance. But if you’re relatively healthy, you may be better off comparing life insurance policies to find a more comprehensive option that fits your budget.
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